Pasadena (//) is a city in the U.S. state of Texas, within the Houston–The Woodlands–Sugar Land metropolitan area. As of the 2010 U.S. Census, the city's population is 149,043, making it the seventeenth most populous city in the state of Texas, as well as the second-largest city in Harris County. The area was founded in 1893 by John H. Burnett of Galveston, who named the area after Pasadena, California, because of the perceived lush vegetation.
"Enriched by our Heritage. Inspired by our Future.”
|Coordinates: 29°40′34″N 95°10′26″W|
|Incorporated||December 22, 1923 and December 26, 1928|
|• Mayor||Jeff Wagner|
|• City Council||Ornaldo Ybarra|
Pat Van Houte
Cody Ray Wheeler
|• City||44.5 sq mi (115.3 km2)|
|• Land||44.2 sq mi (114.4 km2)|
|• Water||0.4 sq mi (0.9 km2)|
|Elevation||30 ft (9.1 m)|
|• Density||3,208/sq mi (1,238.7/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC−6 (CST)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−5 (CDT)|
77501-77507, 77059, 77586
|Area code(s)||713, 281, 346, and 832|
|GNIS feature ID||1343631|
The Pasadena Volunteer Fire Department is the largest of all volunteer municipal fire departments in the United States.
Prior to European settlement the area around Galveston Bay was settled by the Karankawa and Atakapan tribes, particularly the Akokisa, who lived throughout the Gulf coast region. Spanish explorers such as the Rivas-Iriarte expedition and José Antonio de Evia charted the bay and gave it its name. The pirate Jean Lafitte established a short-lived kingdom based in Galveston in the early 19th century with bases and hide-outs around the bay and around Clear Lake. Lafitte was forced to leave in 1821 by the U.S. Navy.
Following its declaration of independence from Spain the new nation of Mexico moved to colonize its northern territory of Texas by offering land grants to settlers both from within Mexico and from the nearby United States. The colony established by Stephen F. Austin and the Galveston Bay and Texas Land Company of New York rapidly began a wave of settlement around the bay. Following a coup in the Mexican government by General Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna, Texas revolted against Mexican rule in 1835. After several battles and skirmishes the final battle of the Texas Revolution took place near modern Pasadena on April 21, 1836. Santa Anna was captured at Vince's Bayou. Because this was the last conflict that led to the Mexican surrender, Pasadena and neighboring Deer Park have adopted the nickname "Birthplace of Texas".
Ranching and settlement
Sam Allen started a ranch in 1843 with 350 acres (1.4 km2). This became the Allen Ranch which occupied what is now western Pasadena all the way to Harrisburg, Texas. By 1888, the ranch contained 15,000 acres (61 km2) in Harris County, 10,000 acres (40 km2) in Brazoria County, Texas with grazing lands in Galveston and Fort Bend Counties.
The Galveston, Houston & Henderson Railroad ran through the Allen ranch. There was a problem of cattle being regularly killed on the tracks and in 1875, Allen built a 19-mile (31 km) fence along the east side of the railway right of way to keep the cattle off the tracks. The fence ran from Harrisburg to League City and had four rails and a top rail wide enough to walk on. A gate was placed in the fence at the Harrisburg-Lynchburg Road with a large sign above instructing that it should be closed at all times. The area east of this railroad fence running from Buffalo Bayou to the tracks on Sims Bayou ran all the way to Galveston Bay. It contained 100,000 acres (400 km2) of grazing land for cattle.
"Proposed" towns in or near present-day Pasadena were set up but short lived and either abandoned or never even got off the ground. In 1892 Colonel John H. Burnett of Galveston established an unnamed townsite on the Vince Survey just east of the Allen Ranch. Burnett was involved in both construction and promotion of railroads and knew their impact on the value of property. The land was sold in 10 acres (4.0 ha) lots. He had also established the nearby towns of Deepwater and Genoa, later to be incorporated into Pasadena and Houston.
The 1900 hurricane that destroyed Galveston heavily damaged Pasadena, as well. The city received a population boost from some Galveston refugees who relocated to the mainland following the catastrophe. Donations by the newly created Red Cross, including millions of strawberry plants to Gulf Coast farmers, helped revive the community. This and the subsequent establishment of a major strawberry farm in the area by Texaco founder Joseph S. Cullinan made Pasadena a major fruit producer for many years afterward. As the community recovered major tracts of the Allen Ranch were liquidated opening up new development. Rice farmers from Japan settled in the community further diversifying its agriculture. Champion Coated Paper Company of Ohio opened a paper mill in 1937. Other businesses began to develop.
In 1901 the Texas Oil Boom began with the gusher at Spindletop. The discovery of the oil field at Goose Creek led to increasing petroleum exploration around Galveston Bay. By 1917–1920 refinery operations had appeared in Pasadena and continued to expand thereafter (Pasadena Refining System... The world wars gradually brought further industrial development, with Pasadena's growth rate surpassing even neighboring Houston.
Pasadena voted to incorporate in 1923, but residents decided to cancel the incorporation one year later. Pasadena incorporated in 1928. Because of the 1928 incorporation, Houston did not incorporate Pasadena's territory into its city limits, while Houston annexed surrounding areas that were unincorporated.
By the mid-20th century Pasadena's economy had become strongly tied to petroleum and other heavy industry. NASA's Johnson Space Center (JSC) was established near Pasadena in 1963 with the residential community of Clear Lake City, partially under Pasadena's jurisdiction, established nearby. These developments helped to diversify the town's economy significantly.
Former Pasadena City Council member and State Representative Ray Barnhart described the city at the time as "a lovely community but politically corrupt." Barnhart recalled that a half dozen Pasadena officials were indicted in the late 1950s and early 1960s for public corruption.
In the 21st century, Pasadena emerged as a mostly working-class suburb of Houston.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 44.5 square miles (115 km2), of which 44.2 square miles (114 km2) is land and 0.4 square miles (1.0 km2) (0.81%) is water. The city is bordered by the Houston Ship Channel (Buffalo Bayou / San Jacinto River) to the north. The southeastern most part of the city fronts Galveston Bay.
The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters.
Neighborhoods in Pasadena include:
- Vista Villas
- Baywood Oaks
- Baywood Shadows
- Burke Meadows
- Clear Lake City (Pasadena)
- Country Meadows
- El Jardin del Mar
- Golden Acres
- Old Downtown
- Parkview Manor
- Parkview South
- Pasadena River Oaks
- Red Bluff Terrace
- Turtle Creek
- Village Grove East
- Village Grove East Townhomes
- Village Grove
|U.S. Decennial Census|
The racial makeup of the city was 83.3% White, 2.7% African American, 1.5% American Indian and Alaska Native, 2.1% Asian, 11.6% from other races, and 1.9% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 66.2% of the population.
As of the census of 2000, there were 141,674 people, 47,031 occupied housing units, and 35,179 families residing in the city. The population density was 3,208.1 people per square mile (1,238.7/km²). There were 50,367 housing units at an average density of 1,140.5 per square mile (440.4/km²).
The racial makeup of the city was 71.4% White, 1.6% African American, 0.7% American Indian and Alaska Native, 1.8% Asian, 0.0% Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander, 21.3% from other races, and 3.1% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 48.2% of the population.
There were 47,031 households out of which 43.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.8% were married couples living together, 13.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.2% were non-families. 20.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.99 and the average family size was 3.48.
In the city, the population was distributed by age as follows: 31.6% under the age of 18, 11.4% from 18 to 24, 31.2% from 25 to 44, 17.9% from 45 to 64, and 7.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 29 years. For every 100 females, there were 99.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.6 males.
The city's key economic sectors include exploration for petroleum and gas, petroleum refining, petrochemical processing, solar panel manufacturing, maritime shipping, aerospace, and healthcare. The city's economy is closely linked to the nearby Houston Ship Channel and the Bayport shipping terminal and industrial district, as well as the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)'s Lyndon B. Johnson Space Center in the bordering Clear Lake Area. The Pasadena Refining System, a partnership of Petrobras and Astra Holding USA, is headquartered in Pasadena.
The nearby Bayport Industrial District, one of the nation's largest chemical processing complexes, is vital to employment in Pasadena. High-tech businesses in the area related to the JSC have developed as well, and the opening of the Bayport shipping terminal is rapidly adding to the municipal economic base.
The median income for a household in the city was $38,522, and the median income for a family was $42,541. Males had a median income of $34,330 versus $25,869 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,301. About 13.2% of families and 16.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.8% of those under age 18 and 10.5% of those age 65 or over.
Harris County operates the Kyle Chapman/Pasadena Courthouse Annex. Harris County Hospital District operates the Strawberry Health Center in Pasadena.
The Texas Department of Criminal Justice (TDCJ) operates the Houston V District Parole Office in Pasadena.
There are four post offices in the city limits. In July 2011 the USPS announced that one, John Foster Post Office, may close.
|#||Employer||# of Employees|
|1||Pasadena Independent School District||8,330|
|2||SGS Petroleum Service Corp.||2,500|
|3||The Boeing Company||2,000|
|5||University of Houston-Clear Lake||1,548|
|7||San Jacinto College||1,367|
|7||Bayshore Medical Center||1,210|
|9||Lyondell Chemical Co.||1,150|
|10||City of Pasadena||1,056|
The Government of Pasadena operates under a Mayor-Council form of government with a mayor and eight council members who are responsible for enacting legislation, adopting budgets and setting policies.
The city has its own police department, which employs approximately 282 Officers, with 1 Police Chief, 3 Assistant Chiefs and other supervisory positions.
The city has several museums, including the Pasadena Historical Museum, the Bay Area Museum and Armand Bayou Nature Center. Pasadena also has a community theater, an annual rodeo, and the Pasadena Philharmonic. The city's newspaper is the Pasadena Citizen.
The Champion paper mill closed in 2005. Because of the odor from the plant, Pasadena had been dubbed by locals with the nickname "Stinkadena." Several country music songs have been recorded with "Pasa-get-down-dena" as the title including Kenefick on their album "Hard Road."
Gilley's and Urban Cowboy
John Travolta, Debra Winger and other actors came to the city to film the 1980 hit movie Urban Cowboy, which depicted life and young love in Pasadena. The film centered on the city's honky-tonk bar Gilley's, which was co-owned by country music star Mickey Gilley. In 1989, Gilley's suffered an arson fire that gutted the interior of the building, including the mechanical bull used in Urban Cowboy. The shell of the building stood until 2006, when it was demolished by the Pasadena Independent School District, its current owner. Only the old sound recording studio remains. Gilley still resides in Pasadena. The old address of Gilley's is a used-car lot.
In 1900, Clara Barton of the American Red Cross purchased 1.5 million strawberry plants and sent them to Pasadena to help victims of the 1900 Galveston hurricane get back on their feet. By the 1930s those crops had flourished so much that Pasadena was claiming the title of Strawberry Capital of the World. At its height, the city's strawberry growers shipped as many as 28 train carloads of strawberries each day. To honor that history, the city still holds an annual Pasadena Strawberry Festival. Strawberry Road stretches through much of the city near where the old strawberry crops grew. Attendance at the annual Strawberry Festival was 56,000 in 2008.
Pasadena Philharmonic Society and Orchestra
Pasadena Philharmonic Society and Orchestra is a combination of two groups. The Society is composed of members of the local community that support the fine arts and classical music. The Orchestra is composed of local music educators, musicians, college students and selected high school students. The Orchestra presented its first performance in the fall of 1982. The Philharmonic has presented performances ever since.
Colleges and universities
Institutions of higher education include:
- University of Houston–Clear Lake
- San Jacinto College (Central Campus and System Headquarters) a community college system which serves all of Pasadena as well as all and portions of several other school districts.
- Texas Chiropractic College – Founded in 1908, Texas Chiropractic College is the fourth oldest chiropractic college in the nation. TCC is accredited as a Level V doctoral degree granting institution by the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools. TCC has maintained continuous accreditation since 1971. Its first-of-its-kind Interprofessional Education Rotations Program is a pioneer in the Interprofessional Education & Collaboration field. The program provides interns the opportunity to rotate in hospitals, clinics and physicians offices throughout the Houston metropolitan area, including the Texas Medical Center.
Primary and secondary schools
Most of city of Pasadena is served by the Pasadena Independent School District. Some of the eastern part is served by Deer Park Independent School District, some of the southern part is served by Clear Creek Independent School District and La Porte Independent School District.
Parks and recreation
The city operates 15 tennis courts, several baseball fields, and a total of 43 parks total. These include over 14 miles (23 km) of trails, four Youth Recreation Centers, an Adaptive Recreation center, three pools for Swimming or Aquatics, an Athletics department, a Dog Park, Party Rentals, a Golf Course, an Historical Museum, and a Senior Citizen Center.
- East Harris County Activity Center
- Bay Area Community Center
- Clear Lake Water Front (Pasadena Section)
Local residents have access to tennis courts, soccer fields, jogging tracks, walking tracks, picnic tables, family gathering pavilions at Pasadena's 47 parks, 5 swimming pools, and 5 game room buildings, museum, recreation center, 15 tennis courts and 21 ball fields.
Armand Bayou Nature Center
Armand Bayou Nature Center (ABNC) is a 2,500 acres (1,000 ha) preserve on the western shore of Galveston Bay in Pasadena. It is the only remnant of this region's original eco-systems: coastal tallgrass prairie, bottomland forest and bayou. A diversity of plant life has taken root here, including bottomland hardwoods. Hundreds of species of wildlife thrive in the narrow wooded streams and scattered lakes, ponds and marshes. Armand Bayou also is a breeding and nursery ground for many finfish and shellfish and a haven for rarely seen species such as bobcats and owls.
As of 2010 ABNC has been designated as one of five preserves under the Texas Coastal Preserve Program of the Texas Parks and Wildlife Department.
Pasadena is served by three freeway systems. Interstate 45 is the closest interstate to the Pasadena city limits. The main freeway artery is the Pasadena Freeway (State Highway 225). The east side of the Sam Houston Tollway (Beltway 8) runs through the eastern portion of the city.
Metropolitan Transit Authority of Harris County, Texas (METRO) operates a park & ride service from the Plaza Paseo Mall. This joint venture between Harris County, the city of Pasadena and METRO extended select trips. METRO operates four trips during the morning and five trips during the afternoon rush hours. Harris County Transit operates a bus route that runs through most of the city, stopping at health centers, shopping centers, colleges, and other venues, with connections to neighboring cites. The Pasadena Park and Ride lot is located on the north side of the mall.
- Ray Barnhart, former member of the Texas House of Representatives from Pasadena, later director of the Federal Highway Administration
- Emily Chan, figure skater, 2016 junior national champion
- Dean Corll, serial killer, rapist, kidnapper and torturer, died in Pasadena
- Brandon Darby, political activist who shifted from aiding poor residents in New Orleans for years after Hurricane Katrina, to serving as FBI informant against protest groups before 2008 Republican National Convention, and has become manager of Breitbart Texas, conservative blogger and strategist
- Marlen Esparza, Olympic competitor 2012 and bronze medalist in women's boxing
- Jacob Green, All American football player for Texas A&M, played for Seattle Seahawks
- Russell Harvard, actor, There Will Be Blood, Fargo
- Gilbert Pena, 2015 Republican member of Texas House of Representatives from Pasadena
- Robert Talton, member of Texas House of Representatives from District 144 in Pasadena, 1993–2009; candidate for Chief Justice of the Texas Supreme Court in 2014 Republican primary election
- Mickey Gilley, world-famous country singer and part-owner of Gilley's night club in Pasadena, used for filming of Urban Cowboy
Pasadena has formalized sister city agreements with the following cities: The city of Pasadena, community police outreach has devoted "friendship gardens" to the city of Hadano, Kanagawa.
- [http: https://www.donaldjtrump.com/ "American FactFinder"] Check
|url=value (help). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. October 25, 2007. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
- Bay Area Houston Economic Partnership Archived June 17, 2008, at the Wayback Machine
- Lee, Renée C. "Annexed Kingwood split on effects." Houston Chronicle. Sunday October 8, 2006. A21. Retrieved on July 6, 2011. "Some of the area communities that incorporated as cities and escaped annexation by Houston:" Print version exclusively has the information cited; the information is not included in the online edition.
- Defazio, Dominic; DeFazio, Hem-Young (June 7, 2013). "Pasadena: California or Texas --- which came first?". Around Town Pasadena. Retrieved August 4, 2018.
- Robin L. Phillips. "Firefighters: Tough Job Requires Tougher Volunteers". Regional VuePoint Magazine. Retrieved September 12, 2009.
- "About Us". Pasadena Volunteer Fire Department. Retrieved September 12, 2009.
- Morris, John Miller: Exploration from the Handbook of Texas Online. Retrieved November 14, 2009. Texas State Historical Association.
Kleiner, Diana J.: Galveston County from the Handbook of Texas Online. Retrieved November 14, 2009. Texas State Historical Association.
- Chang, Yushan (2006). Newcomer's Handbook Neighborhood Guide: Dallas-Fort Worth, Houston, and Austin. Portland, OR: First Books. pp. 180–192 . ISBN 0-912301-70-8.
Kearney, Syd (2005). A Marmac Guide to Houston and Galveston. Gretna, LA: Pelican Publishing Company. p. 177. ISBN 1-58980-322-1.
- Chang, Yushan (2006). Newcomer's Handbook Neighborhood Guide: Dallas-Fort Worth, Houston, and Austin. Portland, OR: First Books. pp. 180–192 . ISBN 0-912301-70-8.
- Warren, Harris Gaylord: Lafitte, Jean from the Handbook of Texas Online. Retrieved November 7, 2009. Texas State Historical Association.
- Barker, Eugene C.: Austin, Stephen Fuller from the Handbook of Texas Online. Retrieved November 14, 2009. Texas State Historical Association.
- Reichstein, Andreas: Galveston Bay and Texas Land Company from the Handbook of Texas Online. Retrieved November 15, 2009. Texas State Historical Association.
- Barker (1969), pp. 277–278.
- Barker, Eugene C.; Pohl, James W.: Texas Revolution from the Handbook of Texas Online. Retrieved November 15, 2009. Texas State Historical Association.
- Washington County, Texas shares the claim to that title, since that is where the Texas Declaration of Independence was signed. Brazoria County, Texas claims to be "Where Texas Began", as its city of Velasco, Texas was where the Treaties of Velasco were signed, and where Stephen F. Austin originally settled."Brazoria County Home". Brazoria County, Texas. Retrieved June 12, 2009.
- "Pasadena Texas – History". Global Oneness. Archived from the original on March 7, 2012. Retrieved September 12, 2009.
The Galveston Hurricane of 1900 caused many people to resettle in Pasadena.
- "Our City: The Birthplace of Free Texas". City of Pasadena. Archived from the original on June 19, 2008. Retrieved September 12, 2009.
- Pomeroy, C. David, Jr.: Pasadena, Texas from the Handbook of Texas Online. Retrieved October 29, 2009. Texas State Historical Association
- Gallaway, Alecya (July 2003). "Armand Bayou Watershed History". Armand Bayou Watershed Partnership. Archived from the original on November 13, 2004.
The earliest information about farming in the watershed actually originated on the land of Anson Taylor who was at Taylor Lake and Taylor Bayou. Taylor was an associate of Jean Lafitte and sold his produce, firewood, and meat from wild game and cattle to Lafitte's camp town, Campechy, on Galveston Island.
- Pomeroy, C. David, Jr.: Allen Ranch from the Handbook of Texas Online. Retrieved October 16, 2009. Texas State Historical Association.
- "Down goes a Pasadena landmark". chron.com. May 7, 2008. Retrieved March 19, 2018.
- Henson (1993), p. 46.
- Greene, Casey Edward: Clear Lake City, Texas from the Handbook of Texas Online. Retrieved October 27, 2009. Texas State Historical Association
- Statement of Ray Barnhart, January 7, 2010
- "Gene Goltz of Houston Post". www.pulitzer.org. Retrieved March 19, 2018.
- "Building collapses amid storms in Pasadena". abc13.com. October 31, 2015. Retrieved March 19, 2018.
- Center, Storm Prediction. "Storm Prediction Center Storm Reports Page". www.spc.noaa.gov. Retrieved March 19, 2018.
- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved July 13, 2019.
- "Pasadena, Texas – Fact Sheet – American FactFinder. Census 2010 Demographic Profile Highlights". US Census Bureau. Retrieved June 15, 2017.
- "Pasadena, Texas – Fact Sheet – American FactFinder. Census 2000 Demographic Profile Highlights". US Census Bureau. Retrieved May 16, 2011.
- "Economic development". City of Pasadena, Texas. Archived from the original on June 9, 2011. Retrieved January 31, 2010.
- "Contact Us." Pasadena Refining System. Retrieved on August 9, 2010.
- "Chemicals & Plastics". Bay Area Houston Economic Partnership. Archived from the original on May 13, 2006. Retrieved September 4, 2009.
edited by Bruce W. Radford. (1983). Public utilities fortnightly. 112. Public Utilities Reports, inc. p. 61. ISBN 0-910325-28-6.
The Big Three complex at Bayport is one of the nation's largest industrial gas plants and the only one in the country which is steam-powered.CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)
- "Courthouse Annexes." Harris County Precinct 2. Retrieved on May 23, 2010.
- "Strawberry Health Center." Harris County Hospital District. Retrieved on December 6, 2008.
- "Parole Division Region III Archived July 25, 2010, at the Wayback Machine." Texas Department of Criminal Justice. Retrieved on May 15, 2010.
- "Post Office Location – PASADENA." United States Postal Service. Retrieved on December 6, 2008.
- "Post Office Location – JOHN FOSTER." United States Postal Service. Retrieved on December 6, 2008.
- "Post Office Location – BOB HARRIS." United States Postal Service. Retrieved on December 6, 2008.
- "Post Office Location – DEBERT L. ATKINSON." United States Postal Service. Retrieved on December 6, 2008.
- Weisman, Laura. "Nine Houston post offices marked for closure (with poll)." Houston Chronicle. July 26, 2011. Retrieved on July 26, 2011.
- City of Pasadena, Texas Comprehensive Annual Financial Report - for Fiscal Year Ended September 30, 2017
- "Pasadena Historical Society". www.pasadenahistoricalsociety.org. Retrieved March 19, 2018.
- "Bay Area Museum". Lunar Rendezvous Festival. Retrieved December 4, 2013.
- "Home - Pasadena Little Theatre". Pasadena Little Theatre. Retrieved March 19, 2018.
- "Pasadena Livestock Show & Rodeo". PasadenaRodeo. Retrieved March 19, 2018.
- "Pasadena Citizen". Houston Chronicle. Retrieved March 19, 2018.
- "Welcome to the Pasadena Strawberry Festival home of the world largest strawberry shortcake". Pasadena Strawberry Festival. Retrieved March 19, 2018.
- "Log In or Sign Up to View". www.facebook.com. Retrieved March 19, 2018.
- "Hours & Location Archived June 25, 2008, at the Wayback Machine." Pasadena Public Library. Retrieved on December 6, 2008.
- "Fairmont Library Archived June 2, 2008, at the Wayback Machine." Pasadena Public Library. Retrieved on December 6, 2008.
- "Pasadena Parks and Recreation". www.ci.pasadena.tx.us. Retrieved March 19, 2018.
- White, Stanley. "Special Projects Coordinator". The City of Pasadena Texas. Stanley White. Retrieved February 11, 2013.
- Parks and Trails
- "Pasadena Recreation Centers". www.ci.pasadena.tx.us. Retrieved March 19, 2018.
- "Verne Cox Multipurpose Recreation Center". www.ci.pasadena.tx.us. Retrieved March 19, 2018.
- "Pasadena Aquatics and Swimming". www.ci.pasadena.tx.us. Retrieved March 19, 2018.
- "Pasadena Athletics PAL Gymnasium". www.ci.pasadena.tx.us. Retrieved March 19, 2018.
- "Pasadena Dog Park". www.ci.pasadena.tx.us. Retrieved March 19, 2018.
- Golf Course
- "Pasadena Historical Museum". www.ci.pasadena.tx.us. Retrieved March 19, 2018.
- Senior Citizen Center
- "East Harris County Activity Center". harris.tx.us. Retrieved March 19, 2018.
- "Bay Area Community Center". harris.tx.us. Retrieved March 19, 2018.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on June 9, 2011. Retrieved January 19, 2010.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- Hegen, Ed. "Protection of Fragile Coastal Ecosystems: Texas Coastal Preserves". Texas Parks and Wildlife Department. Retrieved January 20, 2010.
- "EZ TAG Stores." Harris County Toll Road Authority. Retrieved on May 16, 2010.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on June 15, 2009. Retrieved June 19, 2009.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- "Routes / Maps." Harris County Transit. Retrieved on January 15, 2010.
- "Park & Ride." Harris County Transit. Retrieved on May 28, 2010.
- "New District Map" (Archive). City of Pasadnea. Retrieved on November 8, 2015.
- "Residential Facilities Archived July 23, 2004, at the Wayback Machine." Harris County Juvenile Probation Department. Retrieved on November 8, 2015. "Harris County Youth Village 210 J.W. Mills Drive, Seabrook"
- "In Memory of Ray A. Barnhart - History of FHWA - Highway History - Federal Highway Administration". www.fhwa.dot.gov. Retrieved March 19, 2018.
- "Marlen Esparza". teamusa.org. Retrieved March 19, 2018.
- "NFL: Jacob Green". NFL.com. Retrieved July 11, 2017.
- Drovetto, Tony (February 3, 2016). "Former Seattle Seahawks Defensive End Jacob Green Enters Texas Sports Hall of Fame Class of 2016". Seahawks. Retrieved July 11, 2017.
- Hodgkins, Paul (March 11, 2013). "Actor wants Hollywood to see him as more than 'that deaf guy'". The Orange County Register. Retrieved July 11, 2017.
- Nix, Kristi (February 1, 2017). "Pasadena mayoral candidates a mix of former, current elected officials". The Pasadena Citizen. Retrieved July 11, 2017.
- "Robert Talton". taltonforchiefjustice.com. Retrieved February 8, 2014.
- "Texas' International Sister Cities by Area and Country". Texas Sister Cities International. Archived from the original on July 23, 2008. Retrieved January 13, 2010.