Parti Québécois Crisis, 1984
The Parti Québécois Crisis of 1984 was one of the most severe internal party crises in Quebec politics.
In September 1984, Progressive Conservative politician Brian Mulroney became Prime Minister of Canada, with the backing of many Parti Québécois (PQ) supporters. Tensions erupted between the more radical supporters of the PQ–including most of the so-called purs et durs, or hardliners–and the more moderate ones over Premier René Lévesque’s decisions to:
- shift toward a more conciliatory approach with the federal government over constitutional issues (a policy known as beau risque);
- put the promotion of sovereignty on the back burner.
The PQ’s majority in the National Assembly almost completely vanished. It had started the term with 80 MNAs. By the end of the term, it was reduced to only 60 MNAs.
On June 3, 1985, the PQ lost a series of four by-elections, managing to finish third in the district of L’Assomption, behind Progressive Conservative Party of Quebec Leader André Asselin, with only 20% of the vote.
However, the PQ lost the 1985 election and by 1987, the party’s radical wing pressured Johnson into quitting. Radicals were able to get Jacques Parizeau, one of their own, to take over the leadership of the party.
|Decision to sit as
|Status following 1985 Election|
|Pierre de Bellefeuille||Deux-Montagnes||n/a||November 20, 1984||n/a||Defeated as a|
Parti indépendantiste (1985) candidate
|Jules Boucher||Rivière-du-Loup||n/a||January 28, 1985||n/a||Did not run for re-election|
|Louise Harel||Maisonneuve||November 27, 1984||n/a||n/a||Re-elected as a PQ candidate|
|Camille Laurin||Bourget||November 26, 1984||n/a||January 25, 1985||Did not run for re-election|
|Denis Lazure||Bertrand||December 4, 1984||n/a||December 4, 1984||Did not run for re-election|
|Denise Leblanc-Bantey||Îles-de-la-Madeleine||November 26, 1984||November 27, 1984||n/a||Did not run for re-election|
|Jacques Léonard||Labelle||November 22, 1984||November 27, 1984||May 23, 1985||Did not run for re-election|
|Gilbert Paquette||Rosemont||November 26, 1984||February 4, 1985||n/a||Did not run for re-election|
|Jacques Parizeau||L’Assomption||November 22, 1984||n/a||November 27, 1984||Did not run for re-election|
|Jérôme Proulx||Saint-Jean||n/a||November 22, 1984||n/a||Defeated as a PQ candidate|
- Point de Mire sur René Lévesque, Épisode 10 : Le départ, Radio-Canada
- Jérôme Proulx crossed the floor again to sit with the PQ in December 1984