Parti 51

Parti 51 is a minor political party in the Canadian province of Quebec that was founded in the late 1980s under the leadership of Serge Talon. The party proposed the separation of Quebec from Canada in order to seek admission to the United States as the 51st state of that union. The party had no success in winning any seat in 1989 election to the National Assembly of Quebec, and in the spring of 1990, asked the Direction of Elections of Quebec to dissolve the party because it no longer had enough members to form an executive committee.[4]

Party 51

Parti 51
LeaderHans Mercier[1]
SpokespersonSonia Vachon
FoundedAugust 11, 1989 (1989-08-11) (first incarnation)[2]
October 13, 2016 (2016-10-13) (second incarnation)[1]
DissolvedDecember 13, 1990 (1990-12-13) (first incarnation)[2]
HeadquartersSaint-Georges, Quebec[1]
Membership (2018)1,100[3]
IdeologyPro-American Annexation

In 2016, the party was relaunched by a Saint-Georges-based lawyer, Hans Mercier.[5]


In 2016, Saint-Georges lawyer Hans Mercier re-launched Parti 51, again calling for the annexation of Quebec. By the time of the 2018 election, the party had an estimated 1,100 members.[3] Mercier told La Presse that the times have changed since the party's previous era, as Quebec sovereigntism has waned in popularity. Mercier argued that Americans would be welcoming of a new Quebec state, and pointed to a survey taken during the Administration of George W. Bush that suggested nearly 34% of Quebecers would support joining the United States.[3]

Election results

General election # of candidates # of elected candidates % of popular vote
198911 00.11%
20185 00.03%

1989 Election Results

In the 1989 Quebec provincial election, the only election in which it nominated candidates, the party nominated 11 candidates, who won 3,846 votes, or 0.11% of the popular vote in the province. The party ran mostly in Anglophone areas of the province.[3]

Results of Party 51 candidates in 1989 National Assembly of Quebec elections
District Candidate Votes Percentage
Vachon Paul Ducharme 223 0.66%
Richmond Michel Dostie 210 0.87%
Johnson Yvan Lapointe 257 0.99%
Brome-Missisquoi Jean-Guy Péloquin 269 1.08%
Sherbrooke Yvon Rivet 315 1.11%
Anjou Michel Gauthier 281 1.16%
Mégantic-Compton Edmond Trudeau 245 1.17%
LaFontaine Roger Wistaff 391 1.48%
Drummond Diane Carrier 493 1.58%
Saint-François France Bougie 568 1.97%
Orford André Perron 594 1.98%

2018 Election Results

In 2018 Quebec election resulted they got 1,117 votes, or 0.03% of popular vote in the province, which did more poorly than its predecessor did.

See also


  1. "Le Directeur général des élections du Québec". Le Directeur général des élections du Québec.
  2. "Parti 51". Qué (in French). 1 August 2008. Retrieved 28 October 2017.
  3. Guidara, Amin (27 August 2018). "Voter pour un Québec américain - La Presse+". La Presse+ (in French). La Presse. Retrieved 16 September 2018.
  4. Crête, Jean. "L'année politique au Québec 1989-1990: La vie des partis" (in French). Les Presses de l'Université de Montréal. Retrieved 2018-05-11.
  5. "L'avocat beauceron Hans Mercier relance le Parti 51". L'Éclaireur Progrès (in French). Archived from the original on 2017-10-29. Retrieved 28 October 2017.
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