Parnall 382

The Parnall 382 was a 1930s British single-engined monoplane trainer aircraft with two open cockpits, designed and developed by Parnall Aircraft Ltd.

Parnall 382
Role Two-seat monoplane trainer
National origin United Kingdom
Manufacturer Parnall Aircraft Ltd
Designer Basil Henderson
First flight 1939
Number built 1
Developed from Parnall Heck

Design and development

The Parnall 382 was designed to meet UK Air Ministry Specification T.1/37 for an 'ab initio' trainer, and was also known as the Parnall Heck III. Its competitors were the Heston T.1/37 and the Miles M.15. The Airspeed AS.36, General Aircraft GAL.32 and Percival P.20 were also proposed against specification T.1/37, but not accepted or built. None of the designs was selected for production orders; it has been suggested[1] that the required performance could not be achieved within the constraints of the Specification.

Construction was primarily wooden, with plywood-skinned spruce frames. The cantilever oleo-pneumatic fixed main undercarriage legs were faired with spats. The undercarriage, tail unit and outer wing panels were adapted from the Parnall Heck 2C. The propeller was a de Havilland fixed-pitch type. Student and tutor sat in open, tandem cockpits, but the rear cockpit was later enclosed.[2][3]

Operational history

One example of the Parnall 382 was built by Parnall Aircraft Ltd as a private venture project. The first flight was by G.A.C Warren at Yate Aerodrome in February 1939, with B conditions registration J1. In September 1939 it was registered G-AFKF. In June 1941, as the Parnall Heck III, it was allocated serial R9138 under contract 23979/39.[4] In trials at the Aeroplane & Armament Experimental Establishment (A&AEE) at Martlesham Heath, it was assessed as pleasant to fly and generally good as a trainer. Notwithstanding a few modifications, no order was forthcoming, and it was SOC (struck off charge) on 5 March 1943. It was allocated the serial 3600M[5] and ended its days as an Air Training Corps instructional airframe at Jones' West Monmouth School, Pontypool.


Data from British Civil Aircraft Since 1919[2][6]

General characteristics

  • Crew: 2
  • Length: 28 ft 9.5 in (8.776 m)
  • Wingspan: 33 ft 8 in (10.26 m)
  • Height: 12 ft 0 in (3.66 m)
  • Wing area: 155 sq ft (14.4 m2)
  • Airfoil: B.H.5
  • Empty weight: 1,655 lb (751 kg)
  • Gross weight: 2,450 lb (1,111 kg)
  • Powerplant: 1 × de Havilland Gipsy Queen Series II 6-cyl. inverted in-line air-cooled piston engine, 200 hp (150 kW)
  • Propellers: 2-bladed Schwarz fixed pitch wooden propeller


  • Maximum speed: 155 mph (249 km/h, 135 kn)
  • Cruise speed: 135 mph (217 km/h, 117 kn)


  1. Lukins, A.H.; Russell, D.A. (1945), The Book of Miles aircraft, Leicester: Harborough, p. 52
  2. Jackson, A.J. (1974), British Civil Aircraft Since 1919 Volume 3, UK: Putnam & Company Ltd, p. 91, ISBN 0-370-10014-X
  3. Lewis, Peter (November 1965), Air Pictorial, UK: Rolls House Publishing Co Ltd, p. 403.
  4. Halley, James J. (1980), Royal Air Force Aircraft R1000-R9999, UK: Air-Britain, ISBN 0-85130-082-0
  5. Revell, D.S. (1978), Under B Conditions, UK: Merseyside Aviation Society, ISBN 0-902420-24-0
  6. "MODERNITY in a TRAINER Advanced Features of the Parnall 382 : Slots and Slotted Flaps". Flight: 284–286. 23 March 1939. Retrieved 1 August 2015.
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