Paris Municipal Commission Ministry of 1830

The Paris Municipal Commission Ministry of 1830 was proclaimed by the Paris Municipal Commission on 31 July 1830, after the revolution in which the Bourbon Restoration monarchy was deposed. One day later, it was replaced by a provisional government named by Louis Philippe I of Orléans.

Paris Municipal Commission Ministry of 1830
 France
cabinet of France
Date formed31 July 1830
Date dissolved1 August 1830
History
PredecessorMinistry of Casimir de Rochechouart de Mortemart
SuccessorFrench Provisional Ministry of 1830

Formation

The Ordinances of 25 July 1830 suspended the constitution.[1] Paris was calm the next day, although there were stirrings of protest against the blows the ordinances had dealt against the powers of the legislators and the press.[2] Most of the deputies in Paris met at Casimir Pierre Périer's house on 27 July, but although they made speeches and were urged to act by Audry de Puyraveau, François Mauguin and Labbey de Pompières, they were unwilling to launch a protest.[3] The deputies from the Left met at Audry's house on 28 July.[4] On 29 July 1830 the deputies met at Jacques Laffitte's house and named an interim Municipal Commission composed of Jacques Laffitte, Casimir Pierre Périer, Georges Mouton, Auguste de Schonen, Pierre-François Audry de Puyraveau and François Mauguin. General Lafayette was appointed commander of the National Guard.[5]

Ministers

The Municipal Commission announced the ministers on 31 July 1830. They were:[6]

Portfolio Holder Party
Paris Municipal Commission Casimir Perier Constitutional (Legitimist)
Marshal Georges Mouton Constitutional (Orléanist)
François Mauguin Constitutional (Republican)
Pierre-François Audry Constitutional (Republican)
Auguste de Schonen Constitutional (Orléanist)
Ministers
Minister of the Interior The Duke of Broglie Constitutional (Orléanist)
Minister of Public Works
Minister of Justice Jacques-Charles Dupont Constitutional (Republican)
Minister of Foreign Affairs The Baron Bignon Constitutional (Orléanist)
Minister of War Marshal Count Gérard Constitutional (Orléanist)
Minister of the Navy Admiral Count of Rigny None
Minister of Finance The Baron Louis Constitutional (Orléanist)
Minister of Public Education François Guizot Constitutional (Orléanist)

Replacement

Louis Philippe entered Paris on 31 July 1830 and, according to Louis Blanc, "the revolution was betrayed".[7] The municipal commission and Lafayette created a movable National Guard, in which soldiers would be paid 30 sous per day. This was not put into effect, but served to help the people disperse and disarm.[8] Louis Philippe was declared Lieutenant-General of France on 31 July 1830. On 2 August 1830 Charles X of France formally abdicated, and on 9 August 1830 Louis Philippe took the oath of office as King.[9]

References

Citations

  1. Blanc 1848, p. 94.
  2. Blanc 1848, p. 95.
  3. Blanc 1848, p. 103.
  4. Blanc 1848, pp. 118ff.
  5. Muel 1891, p. 159.
  6. France 1831, p. 9.
  7. Blanc 1848, p. 159.
  8. Blanc 1848, p. 160.
  9. Wood 1991, p. 110.

Sources

  • Blanc, Louis (1848). "History of the Revolution in 1830". The Living Age. Littell, Son and Company. Retrieved 21 March 2014.
  • France (1831). Bulletin des lois de la République franc̜aise. Imprimerie nationale. Retrieved 21 March 2014.
  • Muel, Léon (1891). Gouvernements, ministères et constitutions de la France depuis cent ans: Précis historique des révolutions, des crises ministérielles et gouvernementales, et des changements de constitutions de la France depuis 1789 jusqu'en 1890 ... Marchal et Billard. Retrieved 22 March 2014.
  • Wood, John Cunningham (1991). John Stuart Mill: Critical Assessments. Taylor & Francis. ISBN 978-0-415-06945-8. Retrieved 21 March 2014.
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