Paris-Sud University (French: Université Paris-Sud), also known as University of Paris — XI, is a French research university distributed among several campuses in the southern suburbs of Paris including Orsay, Cachan, Châtenay-Malabry, Sceaux and Kremlin-Bicêtre campuses. The main campus is located in Orsay (48.699890°N 2.173309°E). This university is a member of the UniverSud Paris and a constituent university of the federal University of Paris-Saclay.
|Affiliations||University of Paris-Saclay, LERU|
Paris-Sud is one of the largest and most prestigious universities in France, particularly in science and mathematics. The university is ranked 1st in France, 9th in Europe and 37th worldwide by the 2019 Academic Ranking of World Universities (ARWU). It is ranked as 1st in Europe for physics and 2nd in Europe for mathematics by the ARWU.
Paris-Sud was originally part of the University of Paris, which was subsequently split into several universities. After World War II, the rapid growth of nuclear physics and chemistry meant that research needed more and more powerful accelerators, which required large areas. The Université de Paris, the École Normale Supérieure and the Collège de France looked for space in the south of Paris near Orsay. Later some of the teaching activity of the Faculty of Sciences in Paris was transferred to Orsay. The rapid increase of students led to the independence of the Orsay Center on March 1, 1965.
Now it hosts a great number of laboratories on its large (236 ha) campus. Many of the top French laboratories are among them especially in particle physics, nuclear physics, astrophysics, atomic physics and molecular physics, condensed matter physics, theoretical physics, electronics, nanoscience and nanotechnology. University of Paris-Sud comprises some 104 research units.
About 30,000 students are currently enrolled. Pierre-Gilles de Gennes and Albert Fert, two Nobel Prize winners of physics, were affiliated to the University of Paris-Sud. A number of most renowned French mathematicians are or were affiliated to the University of Paris-Sud as well. Among them are the Fields medalists Laurent Lafforgue, Jean-Christophe Yoccoz, Wendelin Werner and Ngô Bảo Châu.
Paris-Sud also comprises biology and chemistry laboratories, engineering and technology schools and has established partnerships with many of the surrounding technology centres and Grandes Ecoles. It also includes Schools of Law, Economics and Management.
Notable faculty and alumni of the University of Paris-Sud
- Jean-Yves Le Gall, President of National Centre for Space Studies (CNES)
- Katarina Barley, German politician and lawyer, current Federal Minister of Justice and Consumer Protection in the fourth Cabinet of Angela Merkel
- Cornelia Druțu, Romanian mathematician, Professor of mathematics at the University of Oxford
- Agnès Barthélémy, physicist, expert on nanostructures
- Louis-Marie de Blignières, Traditionalist Catholic priest
- Charles Édouard Bouée, CEO of Roland Berger Consulting
- Olivier Bohuon, Chief Executive of Smith & Nephew plc
- Jean-Louis Colliot-Thélène, French mathematician
- Bertrand Serlet, Former Senior Vice President of Software Engineering at Apple Inc
- Anne Dambricourt-Malassé, paleoanthropologist
- Jean-Marc Fontaine, mathematician
- Henri Kagan, Wolf Prize in Chemistry (2001)
- Serge Latouche, economist
- Adrien Douady, mathematician
- Jean Ginibre, mathematician
- Étienne-Émile Baulieu, chemist
- André Lagarrigue, physicist
- Marielle Chartier, physicist
- André Neveu, physicist
- Thierry Derrien, President and CEO of Safran Helicopter Engines
- Bernadette Perrin-Riou, mathematician and recipient of the Satter Prize
- Paris-Sud is ranked 1st in France, 9th in Europe and 37th worldwide by the 2019 Academic Ranking of World Universities (ARWU). (5th in Mathematics, 9th in Physics worldwide).
- In October 2015, The University of Paris Sud has been ranked 10th best university worldwide in the Times Higher Education Under 50 which is a ranking of the world top 100 universities under 50 years old.
- QS Ranking has ranked the University 262nd in the world, 97th in Natural Science, 101-150th in Medicine and 285th in Engineering and Technology.
Points of interest
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to University of Paris-Sud.|
- "Prizes and notable researchers - Université Paris-Sud". www.u-psud.fr. Retrieved 2015-12-15.
- "Alain Sarfati, elected President of Université Paris-Sud". Université Paris-Sud. Retrieved 26 April 2019.
- Laboratoire de l’Accélérateur Linéaire. Lal.in2p3.fr. Retrieved on 2014-06-16.
- Institut de Physique Nucléaire d'Orsay. ipnwww.in2p3.fr. Retrieved on 2019-11-03.
- Institut d'Astrophysique Spatiale. ias.u-psud.fr. Retrieved 2019-11-03
- Laboratoire Aimé Cotton - UPR 3321. Lac.u-psud.fr. Retrieved on 2014-06-16.
- Laboratory of Solid State Physics, http://www.lps.u-psud.fr/?lang=en
- [Laboratoire de Physique Théorique d’Orsay]. Th.u-psud.fr. Retrieved on 2014-06-16.
- Centre de Nanosciences et de Nanotechnologies. c2n.universite-paris-saclay.fr. Retrieved 2019-11-03
- Charlene Morrow and Teri Peri, ed. (1998). Notable Women in Mathematics. Greenwood Press. pp. 161–164.
- Academic Ranking of World Universities 2019
- World University Rankings 2019
- U.S. News Education: Best Global Universities 2018
- QS World University Rankings 2020
- University of Paris Sud (Paris 11) in World Top 500 Universities. Shanghairanking.com. Retrieved on 2019-08-19.
- "Université Paris-Sud Rankings". Top Universities. Retrieved 2019-08-19.