Papenburg

Papenburg (/ˈpæpənbɜːrɡ/, German: [ˈpaːpn̩bʊɐ̯k]) is a city in the district of Emsland in Lower Saxony, Germany, situated at the river Ems. It is known for its large shipyard, the Meyer-Werft, which specializes in building cruise liners.

Papenburg
City hall in 2004

Coat of arms
Location of Papenburg within Emsland district
Papenburg
Papenburg
Coordinates: 53°04′N 07°24′E
CountryGermany
StateLower Saxony
DistrictEmsland
Subdivisions6 Ortsteile
Government
  MayorJan Peter Bechtluft (CDU)
Area
  Total118.36 km2 (45.70 sq mi)
Elevation
6 m (20 ft)
Population
 (2018-12-31)[1]
  Total37,579
  Density320/km2 (820/sq mi)
Time zoneCET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes
26871
Dialling codes04961, 04962, 04965
Vehicle registrationEL
Websitewww.papenburg.de

Geography

Districts

Papenburg is subdivided into 6 urban districts, Papenburg-Untenende, Papenburg-Obenende, Herbrum, Tunxdorf-Nenndorf, Aschendorf and Bokel.

History

In the Chronicle of the Frisians, written in the 16th century by the East-Frisian council Eggerik Benninga, the Papenburg (at that time a manor) is mentioned for the first time. In 1458, Hayo von Haren, called "von der Papenburch", confessed to be leaned with the Papenburg. The contract that was made because of this is the earliest verifiably documented mention of Papenburg.

On 2 December 1630, the district administrator Dietrich von Velen purchased the manor for 1500 Reichsthaler from Friedrich von Schwarzenberg in order to found a settlement in the fen-surrounded region.

On 4 April 1631, Bishop Ferdinand von Münster leased the then castle and manor Papenburg to Dietrich von Velen. This is considered to be the foundation of the city of Papenburg.

Matthias von Velen and his wife Margartha Anna, born von Galen, endowed the oldest church in Papenburg on 7 December 1680, dedicated to Anthony the Great, making him its patron saint.

From 1933 to 1945 a series of 15 moorland labor, punitive and POWs-camps were active in the districts of Emsland and Bentheim. The central administration was set in Papenburg where now a memorial of these camps, the Dokumentations- und Informationszentrum (DIZ) Emslandlager, is located.[2]

Population statistics

(always according to 31 December)

  • 1998 - 33,671
  • 1999 - 33,731
  • 2000 - 34,096
  • 2001 - 34,266
  • 2002 - 34,403
  • 2003 - 34,245
  • 2004 - 34,440
  • 2005 - 34,905
  • 2006 - 34,797
  • 2007 - 35,431
  • 2012 - 37,532

References

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