Pango name written as intended
|Original author(s)||Owen Taylor|
|Initial release||11 July 1999|
|Stable release||1.44.7 (25 October 2019 ) [±]|
|Operating system||Unix-like, Microsoft Windows, Other|
|Type||Software development library|
Full-function rendering of text and cross-platform support is achieved when Pango is used with platform APIs or third-party libraries, such as Uniscribe and FreeType, as text rendering backends. Pango-processed text will appear similar under different operating systems.
Pango is a special-purpose library for text and not a general-purpose graphics rendering library such as Cairo, with which Pango can be used. The Cairo documentation recommends Pango be used to "render" text rather than Cairo for all but the simplest text "rendering".
History and Naming
In January 2000 the merger of the GScript and GnomeText projects was named Pango.
Support for OpenType features
Pango 1.17 and newer support the locl feature tag that allows localized glyphs to be used for the same Unicode code point. Assuming you have Verdana version 5.01 installed, which supports the locl feature for the latn/ROM (Romanian) script, a quick demonstration (on Linux) is:
for lang in en ro; do pango-view \ --font="Verdana 64" \ --text "şţ vs. șț in $lang" \ --language=$lang; done
For an explanation of the substitutions rules for Romanian, see this discussion.
Setting the locale via the POSIX environment variable, e.g. LANG=ro_RO.UTF-8 will also cause Pango to use locl font feature. Finally, you can change the language on the fly in the same text using Pango markup, e.g.:
pango-view \ --font="Verdana 24" \ --markup \ --text 'In the same text: şţ(en) and <span lang="ro">şţ(ro).</span>'
The official showcase of Pango's script-aware features is here.
Pango has been integrated into most Linux distributions. The GTK UI toolkit uses Pango for all of its text rendering. The Linux versions of the Mozilla Firefox web browser and Mozilla Thunderbird mail client use Pango for text rendering.
- HarfBuzz (text rendering engine which is incorporated into Pango itself but can be also used stand-alone)
- Core Text (modern multilingual text rendering engine introduced in Mac OS X 10.5)
- Graphite (multiplatform open source smart-font renderer)
- WorldScript (Old Macintosh multilingual text rendering engine)
- Typographic ligature
- Computer font
- Interview: Red Hat's Owen Taylor on GTK+, also known for his contributions on Pango., by Eugenia Loli, 19th Dec 2003
- Pango, Made version 0.2, Owen Taylor, redhat.com
- "Tags - GNOME / pango". Retrieved 26 October 2019.
- "Pango website". Retrieved 7 July 2011.
- "Cairo: A Vector Graphics Library: text". Retrieved 27 November 2015.
- "The Pango connection: Part 1". Archived from the original on 27 June 2009. Retrieved 7 July 2011.
- Pango - Status - 2017-11-30, Owen Taylor, Redhat
- GNOMEs in Paris: A Report from GUADEC, The most impressive part of their presentation was the discussion on Pango (the result of the GScript and GnomeText merger), 2000/03/21, By Chuck Toporek - O'Reilly Media
- Pango proposal, rev 0.1, Raph Levien, 28 July 1999
- GScript - Unicode and Complex Text Processing, The GScript project has been merged with the GnomeText project. For information about the result, named Pango, see: http://www.pango.org If you have trouble accessing that site, there is a mirror here. By Owen Taylor
- Gnome-Text API documentation, Raph Levien, 10 Jul 1999, Owen Taylor is working on gscript, which has some overlap with the functions described in this interface. We're working on unifying the two api's as much as possible.
- Abdin, Ali (1999). "GNOME Developer's Interview Follow-up". beast.testbit.eu. Archived from the original on 2013-06-02. Pango (which is the code name for a merger of my Gscript project and Raph Levien's GnomeText project) is a modular set of libraries for doing layout and rendering of international text. It's a bit similar to Microsoft's Uniscript or Apple's ATSUI.
- "Pango 1.0.0 released". Archived from the original on April 2, 2002. Retrieved 2013-02-20.CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)
- GTK user interface libraries, version 2.0
- "Overview of changes between 1.37.0 and 1.37.1". Retrieved 18 August 2015.
- "Bug 738505 - Add fontfeatures support in PangoAttributes and markup". GNOME Bugzilla. Retrieved 18 August 2015.
- "Font Features Land in Inkscape Trunk". Tavmjong Bah's Blog. 23 June 2015. Retrieved 18 August 2015.
- "Download for GNU/Linux and Unix". gtk.org. Archived from the original on 18 August 2016. Retrieved 2017-11-30.CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)
- "Thunderbird 52.1.0 System Requirements". mozilla.org. Archived from the original on 10 May 2017. Retrieved 31 July 2017.CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)
- Official website
- Pango, an open-source Unicode text layout engine. by Owen Taylor in Twenty fifth Internationalization and unicode conference, April 2004
- "Pango: internationalized text handling" Owen Taylor in Ottawa linux symposium 2001
- Pango Reference Manual
- The journey of a word: how text ends up on a page on YouTube, at linux.conf.au 2017 Simon Cozens explained the rendering of fonts.