Pandikar Amin Mulia

Tan Sri Datuk Seri Panglima Pandikar Amin bin Mulia (Jawi: ڤندكار أمين بن مليا; born 17 September 1955) is a Malaysian politician. He was the Speaker of the Dewan Rakyat, the lower house of the Parliament of Malaysia from April 2008 to May 2018. Presently he is an independent politician.

Pandikar Amin Mulia

ڤندكار أمين بن مليا
8th Speaker of the Dewan Rakyat
In office
28 April 2008  10 May 2018
MonarchMizan Zainal Abidin
Abdul Halim
Muhammad V
Prime MinisterAbdullah Ahmad Badawi
Najib Razak
Preceded byRamli Ngah Talib
Succeeded byMohamad Ariff Md Yusof
Constituencynon-MP (Barisan Nasional)
Minister in the Prime Minister's Department
In office
15 December 1999  1 July 2003
Prime MinisterMahathir Mohamad
Member of the Sabah State Legislative Assembly
for Tempasuk
In office
Preceded byMusbah Jamli
Succeeded byMusbah Jamli
Member of the Sabah State Legislative Assembly
for Usukan
In office
Preceded byMohamed Said Keruak
Succeeded byMustapha Harun
President of People's Justice Front (AKAR)
In office
Preceded byInaugural holder
Succeeded byPost abolished
Personal details
Pandikar Amin bin Mulia

(1955-09-17) 17 September 1955
Kota Belud, Crown Colony of North Borneo (now Sabah, Malaysia)
Political partyIndependent (2019-)
United Malays National Organisation (UMNO) (2001-2018)
People's Justice Front (AKAR) (1989-2001)
United Sabah National Organisation (USNO) (1986-1989)
Other political
Barisan Nasional (BN) (1986-2018)
Spouse(s)Hadijah Abdullah Teng
Alma materUniversity of Wolverhampton
Lincoln's Inn

Early background

Pandikar Amin was born in a poor family in a remote village in Kota Belud, Sabah. Prior to going to England for tertiary education, he received education at Sabah College in Kota Kinabalu. He was a graduate of Wolverhampton Polytechnic and Lincoln's Inn.

Political career


Pandikar Amin entered politics in 1982 as a member of United Sabah National Organisation (USNO) and later picked as the Barisan Nasional (BN) parliamentary candidate for Kota Belud in 1982 general elections but lost to the Independent candidate. At the age of 27, however he became Sabah state assemblyman for Usukan from 1982 to 1985. He was appointed the Speaker of Sabah State Legislative Assembly from 1986 to 1988.[1]

In 1999, he was appointed as a Senator and Minister in the Prime Minister's Department until 2002. He was president of People's Justice Front (AKAR), one of the BN component parties in Sabah, at that time. He was elected again Sabah assemblyman from 2004 to 2008; for Tempasuk.

Speakership in the Dewan Rakyat

After the 2008 general elections, the BN coalition government announced that Pandikar, a member of the United Malays National Organisation (UMNO), would be the new Speaker, replacing Ramli Ngah Talib.[2]

The 12th Parliament was the first to be presided over entirely by East Malaysians; Pandikar and his deputies, Wan Junaidi Tuanku Jaafar and Ronald Kiandee, hail from either Sabah or Sarawak.[3] In mid-May, after Parliament convened, Pandikar resigned as Kota Marudu UMNO division chief, citing the need to be a neutral presiding officer. He denied his resignation was linked to possible party-switching amongst UMNO MPs from East Malaysia.[4]

Ahead of the 2018 general elections, Pandikar announced his intention to contest, thus returning to active politics after serving as Parliamentary Speaker for two terms.[5] Somehow he was not pick as candidate to contest the elections that saw the downfall of BN in both the federal and state governments. Amidst his appointment to the UMNO's supreme council in 14 July 2018; he quitted on 12 December 2018 along with other Sabah UMNO assemblyman to be independents.[6]



  1. "Baptism of fire for Speaker Pandikar Amin at first sitting". The Star. 1 May 2008. Archived from the original on 1 May 2008. Retrieved 1 May 2008.
  2. "MPs urged to follow the rules". The Malaysian Insider. 26 April 2008. Archived from the original on 17 July 2011. Retrieved 27 April 2008.
  3. Vasudevan, V. (28 April 2008). "A day of firsts in parliament". New Straits Times. Archived from the original on 1 May 2008. Retrieved 28 April 2008.
  4. "Pandikar Amin quits as Kota Marudu Umno chief". The Star Online. 16 May 2008. Retrieved 16 January 2018.
  5. Dol, Clarence (5 April 2017). "Pandikar returning to politics". Daily Express. Retrieved 16 January 2018.
  6. NEIL BRIAN JOSEPH (13 December 2018). "Umno Sabah ship sinking". The Borneo Post. Retrieved 13 December 2018.
  7. "Semakan Penerima Darjah Kebesaran, Bintang dan Pingat".
  8. "Pandikar Amin heads FT Day awards, 282 conferred". Bernama. The Star. 2 February 2009. Retrieved 14 September 2018.
  9. "Pandikar Amin heads honour roll". Winnie Yeoh and Derrick Vinesh. The Star. 26 August 2013. Retrieved 14 September 2018.
  10. "DPM heads Sabah TYT honours list". The Star. 3 October 2010. Retrieved 14 September 2018.
Political offices
Preceded by
Ramli Ngah Talib
Speaker of the Dewan Rakyat
2008 – 2018
Succeeded by
Mohd Ariff Md Yusof
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