Pan-Green Coalition

The pan-Green coalition, pan-Green force or pan-Green groups is a localist political coalition in Taiwan (Republic of China), consisting of the Democratic Progressive Party (DPP), Taiwan Solidarity Union (TSU), Taiwan Independence Party (TAIP), and Taiwan Constitution Association (TCA). The platform of the New Power Party is also very closely aligned with all the other Pan-Green parties.

Pan-Green Coalition
President and Leader of the Democratic Progressive PartyTsai Ing-wen
Leader of the New Power PartyHuang Kuo-chang
Founded20 May 2000
IdeologyTaiwanese nationalism
Liberalism (Taiwan)

Political positionCentre-left
Legislative Yuan
74 / 113
Pan-Green coalition
Traditional Chinese泛綠聯盟
Simplified Chinese泛绿联盟
Pan-Green force
Traditional Chinese泛綠軍
Simplified Chinese泛绿军
Pan-Green groups
Traditional Chinese綠營
Simplified Chinese绿營


The name comes from the colours of the Democratic Progressive Party, which originally adopted green in part because of its association with the anti-nuclear movement. In contrast to the Pan-Blue Coalition, the Pan-Green Coalition favors Taiwanization and Taiwan independence over Chinese reunification, although members in both coalitions have moderated their policies to reach voters in the center.

This strategy is helped by the fact that much of the motivation that voters have for voting for one party or the other are for reasons that have nothing to do with relations with China. This is particularly true among swing voters. For much of the 1990s the parties which later formed the Pan-Green Coalition greatly benefited from the perception that they were less corrupt than the ruling Kuomintang (KMT). However, due to the controversies and the alleged corruption cases involving the former DPP nominated President Chen Shui-bian, the public perception of the Coalition is seemed to have been altered somewhat.

The Pan-Green Coalition formed in the aftermath of the 2000 presidential election, after which Lee Teng-hui was expelled from the Kuomintang and created his own party, the Taiwan Solidarity Union, which maintains a pro-independence platform.

The internal dynamics of the Pan-Green Coalition are different from those of the Pan-Blue coalition. Unlike the Pan-Blue coalition, which consists of relatively equal-sized parties with very similar ideologies, the pan-green coalition contains the DPP, which is much larger and more moderate than the TSU. So rather than coordinating electoral strategies, as in the case of the parties within the Pan-Blue coalition, the presence of the TSU keeps the DPP from moving too far away from its Taiwan independence roots. In local elections competition tends to be fierce between Pan-Green candidates from different parties and, as a rule, joint candidates are not proposed.

The Green Party Taiwan is not to be considered as part of the Pan-Green Coalition, however the Green Party has similar views with the Democratic Progressive Party especially on environmental and social issues and the Green Party are also allied with Social Democratic Party.

Electoral performance

Presidential elections

Election 1st Candidate Party Votes %
2004 Chen Shui-bian DPP 6,446,900 50.1
2008 Frank Hsieh DPP 5,445,239 41.6
2012 Tsai Ing-wen DPP 6,093,578 45.6
2016 Tsai Ing-wen DPP 6,894,744 56.1

Legislative Yuan elections

Election Number of
popular votes
% of
popular votes
Total seats +/− Status
2001 4,264,644 41.3
101 / 225
N/A Governing minority
2004 4,228,141 43.5
101 / 225
Governing minority
2008 4,043,781 41.6
27 / 113
74 Governing minority
2012 5,994,676 45.5
43 / 113
16 Minority
2016 6,819,975 55.9
73 / 113
30 Majority

Local elections

Election Number of
popular votes
% of
popular votes
Total seats +/−
2014 4,814,173 39.5
302 / 907
2018 4,386,348 35.5
267 / 912

National Assembly election

Election Number of
popular votes
% of
popular votes
Total seats +/− Status
2005 1,947,954 50.3
150 / 300
N/A Plurality

See also

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