Paluan, Occidental Mindoro

Paluan, officially the Municipality of Paluan, (Tagalog: Bayan ng Paluan), is a 3rd class municipality in the province of Occidental Mindoro, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 16,025 people.[3]

Municipality of Paluan

Map of Occidental Mindoro with Paluan highlighted
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 13°25′N 120°28′E
Country Philippines
RegionMimaropa (Region IV-B)
ProvinceOccidental Mindoro
DistrictLone District
FoundedJanuary 5, 1901
Barangays12 (see Barangays)
  TypeSangguniang Bayan
  MayorCarl Michael M. Pangilinan
  Vice MayorMichael D. Diaz
  CongressmanJosephine R. Sato
  Electorate12,046 voters (2019)
  Total564.50 km2 (217.95 sq mi)
 (2015 census)[3]
  Density28/km2 (74/sq mi)
  Income class3rd municipal income class
  Poverty incidence40.6% (2015)[4]
  Revenue (₱)129,876,580.30 (2016)
Time zoneUTC+8 (PST)
ZIP code
IDD:area code+63(0)43
Climate typetropical climate
Native languagesIraya


The town is located at the north-western tip of Mindoro Island. It lies along the north-east shore of Paluan Bay, approximately 7 miles southeast of Cape Calavite, a major sea-lane for inter-island and ocean-going vessels. The town is surrounded by rolling and steep mountain ranges, of which Mount Calavite with an altitude of 1,491 metres (4,892 ft)[5] is the highest peak. At Mount Calavite point, the best panoramic view of Occidental Mindoro and nearby islands could be seen.

Paluan is a predominantly rural municipality, characterized by natural vegetation and an economy based mostly on agriculture. Its dominant land use is forest cover. Forestland occupies 31,826 hectares (78,640 acres) or 56% of total land area, planted with patches of fruit bearing trees and upland field crops. A large portion of forestland is restricted as a preservation area for wildlife and watershed, the 181.5 square kilometres (70.1 sq mi) Mount Calavite Wildlife Sanctuary. This area, which also includes Mount Calavite, is a habitat of various flora and fauna, such as the rare Mindoro tamaraw and the critically endangered Mindoro bleeding-heart (Gallicolumba platenae).[6] Paluan has a 18,016.19 hectares (44,519.0 acres) of land classified as National Integrated Protected Areas System (NIPAS) area.

Agricultural lands cover 13,842 hectares (34,200 acres) or 24% of the total land area. About 17% is devoted to rice production while 4% is planted with upland crops such as vegetables and root crops, yet 80% or 10,897 hectares (26,930 acres) of agricultural land remains uncultivated. Open grasslands cover 18% or 10,428 hectares (25,770 acres) utilized for pasture.


Paluan is politically subdivided into 12 barangays.

  • Alipaoy
  • Harrison
  • Lumangbayan
  • Mananao
  • Marikit
  • Mapalad Pob. (Barangay 1)
  • Handang Tumulong Pob. (Barangay 2)
  • Silahis Ng Pag-Asa Pob. (Barangay 3)
  • Pag-Asa Ng Bayan Pob. (Barangay 4)
  • Bagong Silang Pob. (Barangay 5)
  • San Jose Pob. (Barangay 6)
  • Tubili


Paluan became a municipality on January 5, 1901, but its history dates back to the early 17th century when the village was known as the Religious District of Calavite.


Population census of Paluan
YearPop.±% p.a.
1903 1,345    
1918 2,418+3.99%
1939 3,305+1.50%
1948 2,718−2.15%
1960 4,597+4.48%
1970 5,383+1.59%
1975 7,346+6.43%
1980 7,438+0.25%
1990 7,549+0.15%
1995 11,234+7.73%
2000 12,023+1.47%
2007 13,718+1.84%
2010 15,223+3.86%
2015 16,025+0.98%
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[3][7][8][9]


  1. "Municipality". Quezon City, Philippines: Department of the Interior and Local Government. Retrieved 31 May 2013.
  2. "Province: Occidental Mindoro". PSGC Interactive. Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 12 November 2016.
  3. Census of Population (2015). "Region IV-B (Mimaropa)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
  4. "PSA releases the 2015 Municipal and City Level Poverty Estimates". Quezon City, Philippines. Retrieved 12 October 2019.
  5. "Mount Calavite". Retrieved 1 November 2012.
  6. "PH037 - Mount Calavite Wildlife Sanctuary". Sites - Important Bird Areas (IBAs). BirdLife International. Retrieved 1 November 2012.
  7. Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Region IV-B (Mimaropa)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016.
  8. Censuses of Population (1903–2007). "Region IV-B (Mimaropa)". Table 1. Population Enumerated in Various Censuses by Province/Highly Urbanized City: 1903 to 2007. NSO.
  9. "Province of Occidental Mindoro". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved 17 December 2016.
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