The paldong is a traditional lip-valley flute of the Kalinga tribes in the Philippines. The paldong is made of bamboo. Its upper edge is cut away obliquely from the backside, and then cut away slightly from the frontside. The player's lower lip is placed against the cut away surface. The paldong is open at both ends, with a total of four finger holes; three in front, one at the back.

Woodwind instrument
Classification Aerophones, Hornbostel–Sachs number
Hornbostel–Sachs classification
(Open single end-blown flutes – The lower end of the flute is open with fingerholes)
Playing range
ca. 2 1/2 octaves from b♭
Related instruments

The melodies played on the lip-valley flute are mostly improvisatory. When given titles, the titles describe what the music is trying to simulate such as the chirping of a bird, the cry of an eagle, the buzz of a wasp, etc. It is a solo instrument usually used by men for serenades or courting women, or merely for leisure and to pass the time away.

Instrument Variations

The lip-valley flutes in the Philippines are known by different names: abalao, abellao, sinongyop (Bontoc); balding, paldong, enoppok, innupok (Kalinga); tipano, kipano, paldeng (Isneg); and taladi (Ibaloi); palendag (Maguindanao); palalu (Mansaka); Palandag (Bagobo). The lip-valley flutes from the Southern Philippines generally tend to be longer than those from the Northern Philippines.

See also


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