Padmini (actress)

Padmini (12 June 1932 – 24 September 2006)[1][2][3] was an Indian Actress and trained Bharathanatyam dancer, who acted in over 250 Indian films.[1] She acted in Tamil, Hindi, Malayalam Telugu and Russian language films. Padmini, with her elder sister Lalitha and her younger sister Ragini, were called the "Travancore sisters".[4]

Padmini Ramachandran
Padmini (1950)
Born
Padmini

(1932-06-12)12 June 1932[1]
Died24 September 2006(2006-09-24) (aged 74)
Other namesNatiya Peroli, Pappima, Thiruvancore Sagotharigal
Years active1947–1994, 2002
Spouse(s)Ramachandran (m.1961)
ChildrenPremanandh (b.1963)
Parent(s)Father : Thangappan Nayar
Mother : Saraswathi
RelativesShobana (niece)
Ambika Sukumaran
Vineeth (nephew)
Sukumari (cousin)
FamilyLalitha (sister)
Ragini (sister)
Chandra Kumar (brother)
Naveen (grandson)
Signature

Padmini was born and raised in Thiruvananthapuram, in what was then the princely state of Travancore (now the Indian state of Kerala). She was the second daughter of Sree Thangappan Nayar and Saraswathi.[1] Her sisters Lalitha and Ragini, were also well known film actresses. Together, the three were known as the Travancore sisters.[4] Padmini and her sisters learnt Bharathanatyam from Thiruvidaimarudur Mahalingam Pillai. The trio were the disciples of Indian dancer Guru Gopinath. They learnt Kathakali and Kerala Natanam styles of dancing from him. N.S. Krishnan noticed her talents while she was presenting Parijatha Pushpapaharanam in Thiruvananthapuram. After that performance, he said that in the future she would become an actress. She was thus cast as heroine in his own production Manamagal.

The Travancore Sisters grew up in a joint family tharavadu (Malaya Cottage) in Poojappura, Trivandrum. The matriarchial head of the family was Karthiyayini Amma, whose husband was P.K. Pillai (Palakunnathu Krishna Pillai of Cherthala) alias "Penang Padmanabha Pillai". P.K. Pillai had six sons, of whom Satyapalan Nair (Baby) was a leading producer of many early Malayalam films. They performed at the 1955 Filmfare Awards. Padmini was a leading actress and one of the highest paid actresses of the 50s, 60s and 70s. She is also known as one of the charming beauty queens of the 50s and 60s. She was given the title "Natya Peroli" in Tamil Nadu because of her excellent Bharatnatyam performances in Tamil films. Her Tamil movie Thillana Mohanambal, is a cult classic of Tamil cinema and continues to be remembered even today. Her beautiful performance in Jis Desh Mein Ganga Behti Hai was outstanding and made her a national star.

Career

At the age of 14, Padmini was cast as the dancer in the Hindi film Kalpana (1948), launching her career.[5] She acted in films for nearly 30 years.[6]

Padmini starred with several of the most well-known actors in Indian film, including Sivaji Ganesan, M. G. Ramachandran, N. T. Rama Rao, Raj Kapoor, Shammi Kapoor, Sathyan, Prem Nazir, Rajkumar, Gemini Ganesan and S. S. Rajendran. She appeared with Sivaji Ganesan in 59 films.

She acted mostly in Tamil films. Ezhai Padum Padu, released in 1950, was her first film in Tamil.V A Gopalakrishnan taught Padmini sisters Tamil, He was associated with Pakshi Raja studios.[1] Her association with Sivaji Ganesan started with Panam in 1952.[5] Some of her noted Tamil films include Thanga Padhumai, Anbu, Kaattu Roja, Thillana Mohanambal, Vietnam Veedu, Edhir Paradhathu, Mangayar Thilakam and Poove Poochudava. Some of her popular Malayalam films include Prasanna, Snehaseema, Vivaahitha, Adhyaapika, Kumara Sambhavam, Nokkethadhoorathu Kannum Nattu, Vasthuhara and Dolar.[4]

In two of her popular Bollywood films Mera Naam Joker and Jis Desh Mein Ganga Behti Hai — she was paired with Raj Kapoor. She did another film with Raj Kapoor – Aashiq (1962). Her other Bollywood films include Amar Deep (1958),Payal (1957), Afsana (1966), Vaasna (1968), Chanda Aur Bijli (1969) and Babubhai Mistry's Mahabharat (1965).[1]

Her most famous was Thillana Mohanambal, a Tamil film, where she plays a dancer competing against a musician to see whose skills are better.[4] She also acted in an Indian-Soviet film Journey Beyond Three Seas (Hindi version: Pardesi) based on the travelogues of Russian traveler Afanasy Nikitin (called A Journey Beyond the Three Seas, which is now considered a Russian literary monument), in which she plays Lakshmi, a royal dancer.

Personal life

In 1961, Padmini married Ramachandran, a U.S.-based physician.[4][1] She immediately retired from films, joined her husband in the United States, and focused on family life.[4] Padmini was strongly devoted to her husband in a very traditional way and would perform all traditional poojas and worship with her husband as the focus. The couple were blessed with one son, Prem Ramachandran, who lives in Hillsdale, New Jersey and works for Warner Brothers.[7][5] Sixteen years after her wedding, in 1977, Padmini opened a classical dance school in New Jersey, named the Padmini School of Fine Arts.[5] Today, her school is considered as one of the largest Indian classical dance institutions in America.

Actress Sukumari was the maternal first cousin of Padmini and her sisters (the Travancore sisters). Shobana, the famous dancer, is the niece of Padmini. Malayalam actress Ambika Sukumaran is her relative. Actors Vineeth and Krishna are among her relatives.

Padmini died of a heart attack at the Chennai Apollo Hospital on 24 September 2006. She was hospitalized on the previous day when she suffered the fatal heart attack during a meeting with the then Tamil Nadu CM M. Karunanidhi. She was survived by a son, who is settled in the United States.

Padmini and Vyjayanthimala, both trained classical dancers, vied with each other throughout their careers. They were at the height of their careers and there was professional rivalry between them. The real-life envy crept into the dance drama, which added its own effects to the impact of the sequence. Padmini was well known for her professional rivalry with actress Vyjayanthimala, the successful dancer-actress.[8] They performed a dance number in the Tamil film Vanjikottai Valiban; the well known song was "Kannum Kannum Kalanthu", which was sung by P. Leela and Jikki. In the song, they were pitted against each other. Due to their professional rivalry, the song has a cult following since the film was released; the popularity of the song surpasses the popularity of the film.[8]

Awards

Won
Nominations

Partial filmography

Tamil

YearFilmRoleNotes
1986Lakshmi VanthachuRajeswari
1986Aayiram Kannudayaal
1986Thaikku Oru Thalattu
1985Poove PoochudavaPungavanathamaPoongavanthamma
1977DheepamSivajiGanesan Mother Roledubbed in Hindi as "Jai Jagat Janani"
1975Oru Kudumbathin Kadhai
1974Devi Shri Kaumariamman
1974Appa Amma
1973Dheiva Kuzhandhaigal
1972Appa Tata
1971Iru ThuruvamThangam
1971Annai Velankanni
1971RickshawkaranParvathi
1971Rathrivandi
1971Kulama GunamaSeetha
1971Thenum PaalumJanaki
1971Aathi ParasakthiLord Parasakthi
1971ThirumagalKalyani
1970Kumara Sambhavam
1970Raman Ethanai RamanadiGuest appearance
1970Ethirkalam
1970Penn DeivamPonnamma
1970Vietnam VeeduSavitri
1970Vilaiyattu PillaiMaragatham
1969GurudhatchanaiDevaki
1968Thillana MohanambalMohanambal
1968Thirumal PerumaiDeva Devi
1968KuzhanthaikkagaGowriRemade in Hindi as Nanhin Farishta
1967Engaluckum Kalam Varum
1967Iru MalargalUma
1967PaladaiJanaki
1967Pesum DaivamLaxmi
1967ThiruvarutselvarDancer
1966ChitthiMeenakshi
1966Saraswathi SabathamDevi Maha Parvathi 'Shakti'
1966Thaaye UnakkagaDevi
1964Veeranganai
1963Naan Vanangum DaivamRukmani
1963Kattu RojaPonni
1962Raani SamyukthaSamyuktha
1962Senthamarai
1962Vikramaadhithan
1961Sri ValliValli
1961ArasilangkumariAnbukarasi
1961Punar JenmamParvathi
1960DeivapiraviThangam
1960Mannadhi MannanChithra
1960Meenda SorgamNirmala
1960Raja DesinguAyisha
1960Petra Manam
1960Raja BakthiPrincess Sarojini
1959Daivame Thunai
1959MaragathamMaragatham/Alamu
1959Ponnu Vilayum Bhoomi
1959ThangapathumaiSelvi
1959Veerapandiya KattabommanVellaiyammal
1958Vanjikottai ValibanPrincess Padma
1958Uthama PuthiranAmudhavalli
1958Mangalya Bhagyam
1958Sampoorna RamayanamSeethadevi
1957Raja RajanPrincess Rama
1957PuthaiyalParimalam
1957BaagyavathiMeenakshi
1957MallikaKamala
1956Madurai VeeranVelaiammai
1956Amara DeepamRoopa
1956Raja RaniRani
1956AasaiSundari
1956Kannin Manigal
1956Verum Pechu Alla
1955Mangaiyar ThilakamSulochana
1955KaveriKavery
1955Gotteswaran
1955Kathanayaki
1954Edhir ParadhathuSumathi
1954Illara JothiChithra Lekha
1954Kalyanam Panniyum BrammachariPadmini
1954SorgavasalQueen Kumara Devi
1954Vaira Malai
1954Thookku ThookkiMalathy
1953MarumagalShantha
1953Asai Magan
1953AnbuMalathi
1953Ponni
1952PanamJeeva
1952Velaikaran
1952Kanchana
1952Andhaman Kaidhi
1952Amarakavi
1951Manamagal
1951Or Iravu
1951Devaki
1951Singari
1951Vanasundari
1950Ezhai Padum PaduLakshmi
1950Marudhanaattu Ilavarasi
1950Ponmudi
1950Ithaya Geetham
1950Parijatham
1950Digambara Samiyar
1950Manthiri Kumari
1950Krishna Vijayam
1950Vijayakumari
1949Laila Majnu
1949Kanniyin Kaadhali
1949Mangayarkarasi
1949Pavalakkodi
1949Naattiya Rani
1949Velaikaari
1949Vinothini
1949Maayaavathi
1949VazhkaiDancer
1949Deva Manohari
1948Adhithan Kanavu
1948Bhaktha Jana
1948Bhojan
1948Mohini
1948Gokuladasi
1948Vedhala Ulagam
1948Geetha Gandhi
1947KannikaMohini

Hindi

YearFilmRoleNotes
1970MastanaGauri
1970Aansoo Aur MuskanMary
1970Mera Naam JokerMeena/Meena Banu Bochali/Master Meenu
1969Bhai BahenRani/Tara
1969MadhaviRajkumari Mangala V Singh
1969Chanda Aur BijliBijli
1969Nannha FarishtaGauri
1967AuratParvati
1968Vaasna
1966Afsana
1965MahabharatDraupadi / Sairantri
1965KaajalBhanu
1962Aashiq
1961Apsara
1960KalpanaKalpana
1960Aai Phirse Bahar
1960SingaporeLata
1960Aai Phirse Bahar
1960BindiyaBindya 'Bindu'
1960Jis Desh Men Ganga Behti HaiKammo
1959Amar Shaheed
1958Ragini
1958Amar DeepRoopa
1958Mujrim
1958Raj TilakPrincess Bathma
1958Sitamgar
1957PardesiLakshmiAn Indian-Soviet film. Released in Russian as Journey Beyond Three Seas
1957PayalKamla
1957Qaidi
1955Shiv BhaktaRani
1952Mr. SampatMalini
1948KalpanaDancer

Malayalam

YearFilmRoleNotes
1994DollarAmmachi
1991VasthuharaBhavani
1989GurudevanParvathy
1985Nokkethadhoorathu Kannum NattuKunjoonjamma Thomas
1984Sabarimala Darshanam
1979Ezham KadalinakkareDoctor
1970VivahithaMeena
1970Sabarimala Sree Dharma Sastha
1969Kumara SambhavamSathi/Parvathi
1968Sandhya
1968Adhyapika
1964Kanakachilanga
1964Devalayam
1961Sabarimala Sree AyyappanMohini/Mahavishnu
1961Ummini ThankaThanka
1959Chathurangam
1959Minnalpadayali
1957Sakunthala
1954SnehaseemaOmana
1953AashadeepamJayanthi
1952AmmaDancer
1952Kanchana
1951RakthabandhamLalitha
1950ChandrikaDancer
1950Prasanna

Telugu

YearFilmRoleNotes
1955Vijaya Gauri
1953Oka Talli Pillalu
1953Ammalakkalu
1952Kanchana
1952Dharma DevathaNarthaki
1950Beedala Patlu
1950JeevithamDancer
1949Laila Majnu

Russian

YearFilmRoleNotes
1957Khozhdenie Za Tri MoryaLakshmi

TV series

YearTitleRoleNotes
2002American DreamsParvathyammaAsianet Channel

Dramas

  • Ramayana
  • Kalpana
  • Valli
  • Kannaki

See also

References

  1. "Front Page : Queen of Tamil cinema no more". Chennai, India: The Hindu. 26 September 2006. Archived from the original on 3 January 2013. Retrieved 7 June 2011.
  2. Padmini Ramachandran – Indian Actress and Dancer – Obituary
  3. Actress Padmini dead
  4. "Friday Review Chennai : Beauty, charm, charisma". Chennai, India: The Hindu. 29 September 2006. Retrieved 7 June 2011.
  5. "Entertainment / Interview : The tillana glitter is intact". Chennai, India: The Hindu. 24 September 2004. Retrieved 7 June 2011.
  6. "Beauty, charm, charisma". Chennai, India: The Hindu. 29 September 2006.
  7. Padmini to relocate
  8. Randor Guy (26 March 2011). "Vanjikottai Vaaliban 1958". The Hindu. Retrieved 22 January 2012.
  9. "Miscellaneous / This Day That Age: dated March 17, 2010: Afro-Asian film festival". Chennai, India: The Hindu. 17 March 2010. Retrieved 7 June 2011.
  10. Sulochana Pattabhiraman (4 February 2001). "A role model". Chennai, India: The Hindu. Retrieved 13 April 2011.
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