PNS Ghazi (S134)

PNS/M Ghazi (S-134), formerly known as NRP Cachalote (S165), was a diesel-electric submarine that served in the Pakistan Navy from 1975 until decommissioned in 2006.[2] Based on the French Daphné-class design, she was built in Portugal with French assistance as a member of the Albacora class and had served in the Portuguese Navy before being purchased by Pakistan in 1977.[3] In the service with Pakistan Navy, she was the only ship of her Albacora class in the Submarine Command.[2]

PNS Ghazi (S-134), an Albacora-class submarine, patrolling off the Arabian Sea in 1991.
History
Pakistan
Name: Ghazi
Namesake: PNS Ghazi (In memorial)
Builder:
Launched: 16 February 1968:138[1]
Acquired: 1975
Commissioned: 17 January 1977
Decommissioned: 17 January 2006
Identification: S-134
Fate: Scrapped by National Shipping Corporation
General characteristics
Class and type:
Displacement:
  • 860 tons surfaced
  • 1,043 tons submerged
Length: 57.8 m (189.6 ft)
Beam: 6.8 m (22.3 ft)
Draught: 5.2 m (17.1 ft)
Propulsion:
Speed:
  • Submerged: 16 knots (30 km/h)
  • Surfaced: 13.5 knots (25.0 km/h)
Range: Surfaced: 2,700 nmi (5,000 km) at 12 knots (22 km/h)
Complement: 54, 10 Officers, 44 Enlists (Pakistan service)
Armament: 12 × 21.7 in (551 mm) DaphneTT-550 torpedo tubes (8 bow, 4 stern), 12 torpedoes

Originally named NRP Cachalote (S165), she was procured and transferred quickly to the Pakistan Navy by the Portuguese Navy after learning the news of Portuguese selling the submarine to private sector in December 1975.:584[4]:526[5]:105[6]

After being sent to Toulon in France for a refit according to Pakistan Navy's specifications and standards, she was commissioned in 1977 and was renamed as Ghazi in memory of PNS Ghazi, the Tench-class submarine built in the United States in 1944.[3] In 1991–95, she participated in the naval operations during the Somali Civil War.:53[7]

In 1997-98, she was the film site of the Ghazi Shaheed, a telefilm released in 1998.[8]

On 2 January 2006, she was decommissioned from her military service, completing 34-years of service with the Pakistan Navy.[2]

See also

References

  1. Fontenoy, Paul E. (2007). Submarines: An Illustrated History of Their Impact. ABC-CLIO. p. 450. ISBN 9781851095636. Retrieved 26 September 2018.
  2. "Pak-navy decommissioned 4 more French origin submarines". Pakistan Tribune. 2 January 2006. Retrieved 25 September 2018.
  3. "History of Submarine Force Command". www.paknavy.gov.pk. Pakistan Navy Official Website. Retrieved 25 September 2018.
  4. III, A. D. Baker (2002). The Naval Institute Guide to Combat Fleets of the World. Naval Institute Press. Retrieved 25 September 2018.
  5. Sharpe, Richard (1997). Jane's fighting ships: 1997-98. Jane's Information Group. ISBN 9780710615466. Retrieved 25 September 2018.
  6. MacGregor, David Roy (1989). Merchant sailing ships, 1775-1815: sovereignty of sail. Naval Institute Press. ISBN 9780870214189. Retrieved 26 September 2018.
  7. Schneller, Robert John. Anchor of Resolve: A History of U.S. Naval Forces Central Command/Fifth Fleet. Government Printing Office. p. 450. ISBN 9780945274551.
  8. "GHAZI SHAHEED". www.youtube.com. Navy ISPR. 16 February 2017. Retrieved 25 September 2018.
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