The PM M1910 (Russian: Пулемёт Максима образца 1910 года, Pulemyot Maxima obraztsa 1910 goda or "Maxim's machine gun model 1910") is a heavy machine gun that was used by the Imperial Russian Army during World War I and the Red Army during Russian Civil War and World War II. Later, the gun saw service in the Korean War and the Vietnam War.
|Maxim's Machine Gun Model 1910/30|
|Type||Heavy machine gun|
|Place of origin||Russia|
|Used by||See users|
|Wars||World War I|
Russian Civil War
Turkish War of Independence
Finnish Civil War
Estonian War of Independence
Spanish Civil War
Chinese Civil War
World War II
Second Sino-Japanese War
Syrian Civil War
|Mass||64.3 kg (139.6 lbs)|
|Length||1,067 mm (42 in)|
|Barrel length||721 mm (28.4 in)|
|Action||Short recoil, toggle locked|
|Rate of fire||600 round/min|
|Muzzle velocity||740 m/s (2,427 ft/s)|
|Feed system||250-round belt|
It was adopted in 1910 and was derived from Hiram Maxim's Maxim gun, chambered for the standard Russian 7.62×54mmR rifle cartridge. The M1910 was mounted on a wheeled mount with a gun shield and was replaced in Soviet service by the SG-43 Goryunov, which retained the wheeled and shielded carriage, starting in 1943. However, production of the Maxim did not end until 1945. In addition to the main infantry version, there were aircraft-mounted and naval variants. Some were fitted with a tractor radiator cap fitted on top of the water jacket to allow handfuls of snow to be packed in to melt while firing.
Russian Empire Soviet Union Finland
- Maxim M/09-21
- Maxim M/32-33
Second Polish Republic
- Maxim wz. 1910/28
Austria-Hungary Bulgaria Republic of China People's Republic of China Estonia Finland Democratic Republic of Georgia Hungary Iran North Korea Latvia Mongolia Second Polish Republic – Maxim wz. 1910 and Maxim wz. 1910/28 South Korea Russian Empire / White movement Russian SFSR Romania - From the 1940s until at least the 1970s. Second Spanish Republic Soviet Union Syria Turkey Ukraine: one M1910, of unknown status, was spotted during the Donbass War. North Vietnam
- Jowett, Philip (20 Nov 2013). China’s Wars: Rousing the Dragon 1894-1949. General Military. Osprey Publishing. pp. 129, 147. ISBN 9781782004073.
- Семён Федосеев. Столетие легендарного "Максима" // журнал "Мастер-ружьё", № 11 (164), ноябрь 2010. стр.40-46
- "The Finnish Maxims: M09/21 & M32/33". mosinnagant.net. Retrieved 12 June 2019.
- Lugosi, József (2008). "Gyalogsági fegyverek 1868–2008". In Lugosi, József; Markó, György. Hazánk dicsőségére: 160 éves a Magyar Honvédség. Budapest: Zrínyi Kiadó. p. 382-383. ISBN 978-963-327-461-3.
- Out, Roger (May 2005). "La mitrailleuse russe Maxim modèle 1910". Gazette des armes (in French). No. 365. p. 47.
- Kinard, Jeff. "Machine guns". In Tucker, Spencer C.; Pierpaoli, Paul G., Jr. (eds.). The Encyclopedia of the Korean War: A Political, Social, and Military History. 1. A-L (2nd ed.). ABC-CLIO. p. 535. ISBN 978-1-85109-849-1.
- McCollum, Ian (May 28, 2014). "Guns in Ukraine". Forgotten Weapons. Retrieved May 8, 2017.
- Robinson, Anthony (1983). Weapons of the Vietnam War. Bison Books. p. 92. ISBN 9780861241309.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Maxim M1910.|
- Soviet Manual Covering Operation and Repair of the 1910 Maxim Gun
- Robert G. Segel (24 February 2012) "The Origin of the Russian “Tractor-Cap” M1910 Maxim", Small Arms Defense Journal, Vol. 4, No. 1