PM M1910

The PM M1910 (Russian: Пулемёт Максима образца 1910 года, Pulemyot Maxima obraztsa 1910 goda or "Maxim's machine gun model 1910") is a heavy machine gun that was used by the Imperial Russian Army during World War I and the Red Army during Russian Civil War and World War II. Later, the gun saw service in the Korean War and the Vietnam War.

Maxim's Machine Gun Model 1910/30
TypeHeavy machine gun
Place of originRussia
Service history
In service1910–present
Used bySee users
WarsWorld War I
Russian Revolution
Russian Civil War
Turkish War of Independence
Polish–Soviet War
Finnish Civil War
Estonian War of Independence
Warlord Era[1]
Spanish Civil War
Winter War
Chinese Civil War
World War II
Second Sino-Japanese War
Korean War
Vietnam War
Syrian Civil War
Production history
Mass64.3 kg (139.6 lbs)
Length1,067 mm (42 in)
Barrel length721 mm (28.4 in)

ActionShort recoil, toggle locked
Rate of fire600 round/min
Muzzle velocity740 m/s (2,427 ft/s)
Feed system250-round belt


It was adopted in 1910 and was derived from Hiram Maxim's Maxim gun, chambered for the standard Russian 7.62×54mmR rifle cartridge. The M1910 was mounted on a wheeled mount with a gun shield and was replaced in Soviet service by the SG-43 Goryunov, which retained the wheeled and shielded carriage, starting in 1943. However, production of the Maxim did not end until 1945. In addition to the main infantry version, there were aircraft-mounted and naval variants. Some were fitted with a tractor radiator cap fitted on top of the water jacket to allow handfuls of snow to be packed in to melt while firing.


  •  Russian Empire
    • Maxim's machine gun model 1910 on a wheeled Sokolov's mount (Пулемёт Максима обр. 1910 года на колёсном станке А.А. Соколова обр. 1910 года)[2]
    • Maxim's machine gun model 1915 on a wheeled Kolesnikov's mount (Пулемёт Максима обр. 1910 года на колёсном станке Колесникова обр. 1915 года)[2]
  •  Soviet Union
    • Maxim's machine gun model 1910/30 on a wheeled Vladimirov's mount (Пулемёт Максима образца 1910/30 года на колёсном станке С.В. Владимирова обр. 1931 года)[2]
    • Maxim-Tokarev
    • PV-1 machine gun
    • ZPU-4 (Зенитная пулемётная установка М-4 образца 1931 года)
  •  Finland
  • Second Polish Republic
    • Maxim wz. 1910/28


See also


  1. Jowett, Philip (20 Nov 2013). China’s Wars: Rousing the Dragon 1894-1949. General Military. Osprey Publishing. pp. 129, 147. ISBN 9781782004073.
  2. Семён Федосеев. Столетие легендарного "Максима" // журнал "Мастер-ружьё", № 11 (164), ноябрь 2010. стр.40-46
  3. "The Finnish Maxims: M09/21 & M32/33". Retrieved 12 June 2019.
  4. Lugosi, József (2008). "Gyalogsági fegyverek 1868–2008". In Lugosi, József; Markó, György. Hazánk dicsőségére: 160 éves a Magyar Honvédség. Budapest: Zrínyi Kiadó. p. 382-383. ISBN 978-963-327-461-3.
  5. Out, Roger (May 2005). "La mitrailleuse russe Maxim modèle 1910". Gazette des armes (in French). No. 365. p. 47.
  6. Kinard, Jeff. "Machine guns". In Tucker, Spencer C.; Pierpaoli, Paul G., Jr. (eds.). The Encyclopedia of the Korean War: A Political, Social, and Military History. 1. A-L (2nd ed.). ABC-CLIO. p. 535. ISBN 978-1-85109-849-1.
  7. McCollum, Ian (May 28, 2014). "Guns in Ukraine". Forgotten Weapons. Retrieved May 8, 2017.
  8. Robinson, Anthony (1983). Weapons of the Vietnam War. Bison Books. p. 92. ISBN 9780861241309.
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