P. J. Kennedy

Patrick Joseph Kennedy (January 14, 1858 – May 18, 1929) was an American businessman and politician from Boston, Massachusetts.

P. J. Kennedy
P. J. Kennedy, c.1900
Massachusetts State Senator
from the 4th Suffolk District
In office
1889–1895
Member of the
Massachusetts House of Representatives
from the 2nd Suffolk District
In office
1884–1889
Personal details
Born
Patrick Joseph Kennedy

(1858-01-14)January 14, 1858
Boston, Massachusetts, U.S.
DiedMay 18, 1929(1929-05-18) (aged 71)
Boston, Massachusetts, U.S.
Political partyDemocratic
Spouse(s)
Mary Augusta Hickey
(m. 1887; died 1923)
RelationsSee Kennedy family
ChildrenJoseph, Francis, Mary, and Margaret
ParentsPatrick Kennedy
Bridget Murphy
OccupationBusinessman and politician

After cholera killed his father and brother, Kennedy was the only surviving male in his family. He started work at age fourteen as a stevedore in the docks and became a successful businessman, later owning three saloons and a whisky import house. Eventually, he had major interests in coal and banking as well. Kennedy was a major figure in the Democratic Party in Boston. Though he served in both the Massachusetts House of Representatives and the state Senate, he preferred to play a behind-the-scenes role as a party boss.

Kennedy and his wife, Mary, were the parents of four children, including future U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission Chair and U.S. Ambassador to the United Kingdom Joseph P. Kennedy Sr.. Kennedy's grandchildren include President of the United States John F. Kennedy, U.S. Attorney General and U.S. Senator Robert F. Kennedy, and longtime U.S. Senator Ted Kennedy.

Life and career

Early life

Kennedy was the youngest of five children born to Irish Catholic immigrants Patrick Kennedy (1823–1858) and Bridget Murphy (1824–1888), who were both from New Ross, County Wexford, and married in Boston on September 26, 1849. The couple's elder son, John, had died of cholera in infancy two years before Kennedy was born. Ten months after Kennedy's birth, his father Patrick also succumbed to the infectious cholera epidemic that infested the family's East Boston neighborhood. As the only surviving male, Kennedy was the first family member to receive a formal education. His mother Bridget had purchased an East Boston stationery and notions store where she had worked. The business took off and expanded into a grocery and liquor store.

At the age of fourteen, Kennedy left school to work with his mother and three older sisters, Mary, Joanna, and Margaret, as a stevedore on the Boston Docks. In the 1880s, with money he had saved from his modest earnings, he launched a business career by buying a saloon in Haymarket Square downtown. In time, he bought a second establishment by the East Boston docks. Next, to capitalize on the social drinking of upper-class Boston, Kennedy purchased a third bar in an upscale East Boston hotel, the Maverick House. Before he was thirty, his growing prosperity allowed him to buy a whiskey-importing business.

Family

On November 23, 1887, Kennedy married Mary Augusta Hickey (December 6, 1857 – May 6, 1923),[1] daughter of James Hickey and Margaret Martha Field.[2] The couple had four children and remained married until Hickey's death in May 1923. His wealth afforded his family of one son and two daughters an attractive home on Jeffries Point in East Boston.[3]

NameBirthDeathAgeNotes
Joseph Patrick KennedySeptember 6, 1888November 18, 196981 years, 2 monthsMarried on October 7, 1914, to Rose Elizabeth Fitzgerald (July 22, 1890 – January 22, 1995); 9 children
Francis Benedict KennedyMarch 11, 1891June 14, 18921 year, 3 months
Mary Loretta KennedyAugust 6, 1892November 18, 197280 years, 3 monthsMarried on October 12, 1927, to George William Connelly (June 10, 1898 – August 29, 1971); one daughter
Margaret Louise KennedyOctober 22, 1898November 14, 197476 years, 1 monthMarried on June 14, 1924, to Charles Joseph Burke (August 23, 1899 – April 5, 1967); three children

Political career

Kennedy was "always ready to help less fortunate fellow Irishmen with a little cash and some sensible advice." He enjoyed the approval and respect of most folks in East Boston, living on the hill of a mixed Boston neighborhood of upscale Irish and Protestant elite. A sociable man able to mix comfortably with both the Catholic and the Protestant elite, he moved successfully into politics. Beginning in 1884, he converted his popularity into five consecutive one-year terms in the Massachusetts House of Representatives, followed by three two-year terms in the Massachusetts Senate.[4] Establishing himself as one of Boston's principal Democratic leaders, he gave one of the seconding speeches for Grover Cleveland at the party's 1888 national convention in St. Louis.[5][6] However, he found campaigning, speech making, and legislative maneuvering, to be less appealing than the behind-the-scenes machinations that characterized so much of Boston politics in the late-nineteenth and early-twentieth centuries. After leaving the Senate in 1895, Kennedy spent his political career as an appointed elections commissioner, an appointed fire commissioner, as the backroom boss of Boston's Ward Two, and as a member of his party's unofficial Board of Strategy.[3]

Later life and death

By the time of his death in 1929, Kennedy held an interest in a coal company and a substantial amount of stock in a bank, the Columbia Trust Company.[3]

In his later years, Kennedy developed degenerative liver disease. In April 1929, he was admitted to Deaconess Hospital to receive treatment.[7] He died there on May 18 at the age of 71. His funeral was held at St. John the Evangelist Church in Winthrop, Massachusetts on May 21. The Boston Globe reported that hundreds of mourners lined the streets to watch Kennedy's funeral procession and businesses in East Boston closed to honor him.[8] Kennedy is buried in Holy Cross Cemetery in Malden, Massachusetts.[9]

Legacy

In 1914, P.J. Kennedy's son Joseph married Rose Fitzgerald (1890–1995), the eldest daughter of Boston Mayor John F. Fitzgerald (1863–1950).[10] Joseph P. Kennedy Sr. went on to become a U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission Chair[10] and a U.S. Ambassador to the United Kingdom.[11]

Joseph and Rose Kennedy had nine children, including World War II casualty Joseph P. Kennedy Jr., U.S. President John F. Kennedy, Attorney General of the United States and U.S. Senator Robert F. Kennedy, and U.S. Senator Ted Kennedy.[12]

Kennedy's great-grandson, Patrick J. Kennedy (born 1967) (son of Ted Kennedy), is named after him.

References

  1. "Mary Augusta Hickey". Find A Grave. Retrieved April 16, 2014.
  2. "Michael Hickey". Home To Clare. Retrieved October 2, 2016.
  3. Dallek, Robert (2003). "Beginnings". An unfinished life: John F. Kennedy, 1917-1963. Little, Brown, and Co. ISBN 978-0-316-17238-7.
  4. Meagher, Michael; Gragg, Larry D. (July 31, 2011). "John F. Kennedy: A Biography". ABC-CLIO via Google Books.
  5. Oppenheimer, Jerry (May 15, 1995). "The Other Mrs. Kennedy: An Intimate and Reevaling Look at the Hidden Life of Ethel Skakel Kennedy". Macmillan via Google Books.
  6. Meagher, Michael; Gragg, Larry D. (July 31, 2011). "John F. Kennedy: A Biography". ABC-CLIO via Google Books.
  7. Kennedy, Joseph Patrick (2001). Smith, Amanda (ed.). Hostage to Fortune: The Letters of Joseph P. Kennedy. Viking. p. 82. ISBN 0-670-86969-4.
  8. Kearns Goodwin, Doris (1991). The Fitzgeralds and the Kennedys. Macmillan. p. 412. ISBN 0-312-06354-7.
  9. Rachlin, Harvey (1986). The Kennedys: A Chronological History, 1823 to Present. World Almanac. p. 24. ISBN 0-345-33729-8.
  10. "The Wedding That Changed American History". Time.
  11. "Prohibition and Profit: The Secret Kennedy-Churchill-Roosevelt Deals". Time.
  12. "Eunice Kennedy Shriver's Death Leaves 2 Living Kennedy Siblings". Associated Press. March 25, 2015.
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