Oyez (//, //, //, more rarely with the word stress at the beginning) is a traditional interjection said two or three times in succession to introduce the opening of a court of law, especially in Great Britain. The interjection is also traditionally used by town criers to attract the attention of the public to public proclamations.
Until the 18th century, speaking English in an English court of law was not required and one could instead use Law French, a form of French that evolved after the Norman Conquest, when Anglo-Norman became the language of the upper classes in England. Oyez descends from the Anglo-Norman oyez, the plural imperative form of oyer, from French ouïr, "to hear"; thus oyez means "hear ye" and was used as a call for silence and attention. It would have been common in medieval England, and France.
The term is still in use by the Supreme Court of the United States. At the beginning of each session, the Marshal of the Court announces:
The Honorable, the Chief Justice and the Associate Justices of the Supreme Court of the United States. Oyez! Oyez! Oyez! All persons having business before the Honorable, the Supreme Court of the United States, are admonished to draw near and give their attention, for the Court is now sitting. God save the United States and this Honorable Court.
The phrase is also in use in other federal courts, such as the United States Court of Appeals for the D.C. Circuit, the United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit, United States Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit, United States Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit, the United States District Courts for the Southern District of Texas, the Eastern District of Pennsylvania, and the Eastern District of Virginia, as well as the courts of Virginia, North Carolina, and Maryland.
In addition to courts, the word, again repeated thrice, is used by the Common Crier of the City of London for all of the city's public proclamations most notably the opening and closing of the Common Halls for the elections of lord mayor and the sheriffs at Guildhall. His other duties include the reading of the proclamation dissolving Parliament from the steps of the Royal Exchange in the United Kingdom. Traditionally, a proclamation is delivered to Mansion House from the Privy Council Office, at which point it is given to the Common Crier, who proceeds to read it publicly.
- American Heritage Dictionary Archived December 24, 2013, at the Wayback Machine
- "Definition of OYEZ". www.merriam-webster.com.
- "Oyez definition and meaning - Collins English Dictionary". www.collinsdictionary.com.
- "oyez - Definition of oyez in English by Oxford Dictionaries". Oxford Dictionaries - English.
- "Banque de dépannage linguistique - Oyez". bdl.oqlf.gouv.qc.ca.
- "Le Moyen Âge a‑t‑il inventé la publicité ?". 8 November 2017.
- "Supreme Court History". PBS NewsHour.
- "The Court and Its Procedures". Retrieved 2014-03-25.
|Look up oyez in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.|
- Sound clips of several bailiffs in North Carolina (NPR.org)
- New International Encyclopedia. 1905. .
- The Loyal Company of Towncriers (UK)