Owen Lancelot Sheehy-Skeffington (19 May 1909 – 7 June 1970) was an Irish university lecturer and senator.
Sheehy-Skeffington was brought up in Dublin, Ireland. His father, Francis Sheehy-Skeffington, was a pacifist and nationalist whose murder by firing squad, on the orders of Captain J.C. Bowen-Colthurst, during the week of the Easter Rising in 1916, became a cause célèbre. His mother, Hanna Sheehy-Skeffington, was a founder of the Irish Women's Franchise League. After her husband's murder she became increasingly nationalist, supporting the anti-Treaty IRA during the Irish Civil War.
He was educated in the United States and in Dublin, at Sandford Park School, a non-denominational school selected by his mother in the face of strong criticism from her Catholic and nationalist friends. His cousin, the diplomat, writer and politician Conor Cruise O'Brien, was a pupil there at the same time.
Career and adult life
In 1935 Sheehy-Skeffington married Andrée Denis, a French graduate of the Sorbonne, with whom he had two sons and one daughter. Like her husband, Andrée Sheehy-Skeffington was a socially-involved campaigner and an active member of the Irish Housewives Association. She later wrote a biography of her husband, Skeff: A Life of Owen Sheehy Skeffington, 1909-1970. They resided at Hazelbrook Cottage, [Terenure road west, Terenure.], Dublin.
Sheehy-Skeffington became a lecturer in French at Trinity College Dublin, where he was elected in 1954 as a member of the 8th Seanad Éireann by the Dublin University constituency. He was re-elected in 1957, but lost his seat in 1961. He was returned to the 11th Seanad in 1965 and was re-elected for a final time in 1969. In the Seanad he was known as a champion of human rights and an opponent of authoritarianism, and campaigned for an end to corporal punishment in Irish schools.
He was an atheist and helped set up the Humanist Association of Ireland. He was also a co-founder and active member of the Irish Association for Civil Liberty, which he co-founded in 1948 with the writer Seán Ó Faoláin and others.
In the late 1950s the memorialist Peter Tyrrell began a long-lasting correspondence with him. Sheehy-Skeffington encouraged Tyrrell to write his autobiography, which was published posthumously and helped to expose the brutal conditions in Irish Industrial schools, and in Letterfrack in particular. After Tyrrell committed suicide in 1967 the only clue to his identity was a card addressed to Sheehy-Skeffington.
The National Library of Ireland houses Sheehy-Skeffington's papers. His daughter, Micheline Sheehy-Skeffington, challenged perceived gender inequality at NUI Galway. She was one of 46 people from across the campus to apply for a post of senior lectureship in 2008, was shortlisted for interview, was interviewed, but - upon being unsuccessful - took a case which pressured Galway to introduce gender quotas for promotion schemes and "inclusivity and unconscious bias training programmes" for workers.
Since 1973, Trinity College Dublin has offered the Owen Sheehy-Skeffington Memorial Award - a bursary worth 1,500 euros awarded annually - as a maintenance grant or as a travel award in alternate years. The criteria for the award include a combination of academic promise and financial need. The maintenance grant is available to senior freshmen or junior sophisters studying French at Trinity College, while the travelling scholarship may be granted to any student attending a centre of higher education in Ireland.
- Skeff: The Life of Owen Sheehy-Skeffington, 1909-1970 by Andrée Sheehy-Skeffington (biography written by his widow)
- Jennifer Redmond (2019), Moving Histories: Irish Women's Emigration to Britain from Independence to Republic, p. 135.
- "Mr. Owen Sheehy-Skeffington". Oireachtas Members Database. Retrieved 23 October 2015.
- Maurice Harmon (1994), Sean O'Faolain, p. 176.
- ‘Remembering Peter Tyrrell’ Paul Michael Garrett, Galway Advertiser, 25 September 2014.
- O'Brien, Carl (12 November 2018). "'There's nothing wrong with women . . . We are more than capable'". The Irish Times.