Oton, Iloilo

Oton, officially the Municipality of Oton, (Hiligaynon: Banwa sang Oton, Kinaray-a: Banwa kang Oton, Tagalog: Bayan ng Oton), is a 1st class municipality in the province of Iloilo, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 89,115 people.[3]

Municipality of Oton

Second oldest Spanish settlement in the Philippines
Banwang Panganay of Western Visayas
Map of Iloilo with Oton highlighted
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 10°41′35″N 122°28′25″E
Country Philippines
RegionWestern Visayas (Region VI)
District1st district of Iloilo
Founding of settlement1566
Formal townhoodMay 3, 1572
Barangays37 (see Barangays)
  TypeSangguniang Bayan
  MayorCarina V. Flores
  Vice MayorVicente B. Flores Jr.
  CongresswomanJanette L. Garin
  Electorate50,568 voters (2019)
  Total86.44 km2 (33.37 sq mi)
 (2015 census)[3]
  Density1,000/km2 (2,700/sq mi)
  Income class1st municipal income class
  Poverty incidence15.28% (2015)[4]
  Revenue (₱)184,113,453.06 (2016)
Time zoneUTC+8 (PST)
ZIP code
IDD:area code+63(0)33
Climate typetropical climate
Native languagesKinaray-a language

Oton is 11 kilometres (6.8 mi) west from Iloilo City. The town is a part of Metro Iloilo-Guimaras which encompasses the whole island province of Guimaras with its municipalities, the Iloilo City, and the Iloilo provincial towns of Leganes, San Miguel, Santa Barbara, and Cabatuan.


Oton was settled by primitive Malays . A gold mask was discovered from that period. Spanish arrived in middle of 16th century and made Oton as Capital of Panay , Negros , Capiz , Antique and Romblon. [5] From Oton as capital , spanish missionaries spread catholic church in neighboring settlements such as Jaro , Yloilo , Tigbaun , Cordova, Alimodian , Igabaras , Tubungan , Camando , Damilisan , and Tiolas. A new agricultural products from Mexico Galleon Trade arrived in Oton where a number of ships arriving from Cebu are stationed and then moved to Manila. Because Oton was difficult to be defended from pillaging Muslim pirates , the Spanish Governor decided to move the capital to few kilomters away in Iloilo.


Oton is politically subdivided into 37 barangays.[2]

  • Abilay Norte
  • Abilay Sur
  • Alegre
  • Batuan Ilaud
  • Batuan Ilaya
  • Bita Norte
  • Bita Sur
  • Botong
  • Buray
  • Cabanbanan
  • Cabolo-an Norte
  • Cabolo-an Sur
  • Cadinglian
  • Cagbang
  • Calam-isan
  • Galang
  • Lambuyao
  • Mambog
  • Pakiad
  • Poblacion East
  • Poblacion North
  • Poblacion South
  • Poblacion West
  • Pulo Maestra Vita
  • Rizal
  • Salngan
  • Sambaludan
  • San Antonio
  • San Nicolas
  • Santa Clara
  • Santa Monica
  • Santa Rita
  • Tagbac Norte
  • Tagbac Sur
  • Trapiche
  • Tuburan
  • Turog-Turog


The economy of oton was fueled by growing number of real estates and with geographic advantage due to proximity to Iloilo. Due to increasing demand of retail , Gaisano Oton and Puregold Oton was built. The Iloilo Provincial Agricultural Statistics reported rice production and fruits are among top economic driver. It has a number of hotels , resorts and restaurants.


Population census of Oton
YearPop.±% p.a.
1903 14,464    
1918 15,396+0.42%
1939 20,577+1.39%
1948 21,306+0.39%
1960 27,246+2.07%
1970 32,862+1.89%
1975 36,566+2.17%
1980 41,044+2.34%
1990 52,125+2.42%
1995 56,821+1.63%
2000 65,374+3.05%
2007 77,621+2.40%
2010 82,572+2.28%
2015 89,115+1.46%
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[3][6][7][8]

In the 2015 census, the population of Oton, Iloilo, was 89,115 people,[3] with a density of 1,000 inhabitants per square kilometre or 2,600 inhabitants per square mile.

Kinaray-a is the main speech of the people in Oton. Hiligaynon is spoken as a secondary language.


  1. "Municipality". Quezon City, Philippines: Department of the Interior and Local Government. Retrieved 31 May 2013.
  2. "Province: Iloilo". PSGC Interactive. Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 12 November 2016.
  3. Census of Population (2015). "Region VI (Western Visayas)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
  4. "PSA releases the 2015 Municipal and City Level Poverty Estimates". Quezon City, Philippines. Retrieved 12 October 2019.
  5. http://vicilongo.weebly.com/iloilo-history-part-2.html
  6. Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Region VI (Western Visayas)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016.
  7. Censuses of Population (1903–2007). "Region VI (Western Visayas)". Table 1. Population Enumerated in Various Censuses by Province/Highly Urbanized City: 1903 to 2007. NSO.
  8. "Province of Iloilo". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved 17 December 2016.
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