Othón P. Blanco, Quintana Roo

Othón P. Blanco is one of the eleven subdivisions (municipios) of the Mexican state of Quintana Roo. It had a 2010 census population of 244,553 persons. Its municipal seat is the city of Chetumal, which also serves as the state capital. The municipality is named after Othón P. Blanco Núñez de Cáceres.

Othón P. Blanco
Boulevard de Bahia, Chetumal

Flag

Emblem
Location of Othón P. Blanco in Quintana Roo
Othón P. Blanco
Location within Mexico
Coordinates: 18°30′N 88°18′W
CountryMexico
StateQuintana Roo
Founded5 May 1898
Named forOthón P. Blanco Núñez de Cáceres
Municipal seatChetumal
Government
  Municipal President[1]Eduardo Espinosa Abuxapqui
Area
  Municipality10,028.65 km2 (3,872.08 sq mi)
Elevation
10 m (30 ft)
Population
 (2010)[3]
  Municipality244,553
  Density24/km2 (63/sq mi)
  Urban
182,178
Time zoneUTC-5 (Eastern Standard Time)
INEGI Code23004
Websitewww.opb.gob.mx

The municipal government is headed by the municipal president of Othón P. Blanco (mayor of Othón P. Blanco, aka mayor of Chetumal).

It used to be the fifth-largest municipality in land area in Mexico, at 17,189.7 square kilometres (6,637.0 sq mi),[2] occupying more than a third of the entire state.[4] But on February 2, 2011, it lost about 40% of its territory when Bacalar Municipality was created out of Othón P. Blanco.

Communities

The 2010 census enumerated 727 populated localities plus 804 unpopulated localities. The largest localities (cities, towns, and villages) are listed below.[3] In early 2011, however, the municipality was split into two parts, with many of the localities now comprising part of the newly created Bacalar Municipality. A full list of those departing localities was not immediately available.

NamePopulation
(2010 Census)
Chetumal151,243
Bacalar (to Bacalar Municipality in 2011)11,048
Calderitas5,326
Nicolás Bravo4,011
Javier Rojo Gómez2,911
Álvaro Obregón2,869
Limones (to Bacalar Municipality in 2011)2,535
Sergio Butrón Casas2,235
Cacao2,056
Xul-Ha2,037
Maya Balam (to Bacalar Municipality in 2011)2,018
Subteniente López1,915
Pucté1,861
Carlos A. Madrazo1,825
Huay-Pix1,649
Mahahual920
Tres Garantías790
Xcalak375
Total Municipality244,553

Demographics

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1995 202,046    
2000 208,164+0.60%
2005 219,763+1.09%
2010 244,553+2.16%
Census numbers up to 2010 include population of Bacalar Municipality.
Source: INEGI Instituto Nacional de Estadística y Geografía[5]

Archeological sites

  • Dzibanché
  • Kohunlich
  • Oxtankah
  • Chakanbakán
  • Kinichna
  • Ichkabal
  • Zamora

Ecosystems

The vegetation found in the municipality of Othon P. Blanco is mostly of medium forest, spanning most of the interior of the municipality and there are more representative plant species are the sapodilla, the ramon, the guayabillo and Chaco, more isolated areas within the municipality is populated by high forest, where you can find the siricote, the palo de tinte and mahogany, to the southwest of the town are engaged in areas of rainfed agriculture and irrigation, the main crop of sugarcane, along with the Caribbean coast can be traced mainly mangroves.[6]

The fauna is rich and varied, among the main species is the manatee, marine mammal that lives in bays and lagoons lictors and has become a symbol of the region, and one can find species such as agouti, wild boar, white-tailed deer, otters, turtles and birds.

For the protection of animal and plant species in Othon P. Blanco there are three zones of ecological reserve, the area of Protection of Flora and Fauna Uaymil located on the northeast coast of the territory, near Mahahual, and the Manatee Sanctuary in the Bay of Chetumal and the Biosphere Reserve Banco Chinchorro.

Tourism

Located on the coast, the eco resort of Kabah-na offers only four cabins in a hexagon shape to circulate the air and thatched roofs which keep the interior temperature cool. A complex system of solar panels provides energy 24 hours a day as well as hot water. The resort offers restaurant, beach bar, outdoor showers, hammocks, beach volleyball, canoes, snorkeling equipment and more.[7]

At Laguna de Bacalar is Rancho Encantado which is located on the edge of a lagoon. It consists of twelve cabins palm-thatched roofs, handmade furniture and decorated with Mexican accents. The cabins are surrounded by tropical gardens in which live more than 150 species of birds among the tropical fruit orchards.[8]

References

  1. Ayuntamiento de Othon P. Blanco Official website (In Spanish)
  2. The largest and smallest municipalities in land area Archived 2013-10-17 at the Wayback Machine Instituto Nacional Para el Federalismo y el Desarrollo Municipal
  3. 2010 census tables: INEGI Archived 2013-05-02 at the Wayback Machine
  4. Othón P. Blanco, Ubicación Geográfica
  5. INEGI. Instituto Nacional de Estadística y Geografía. Censo de Población y Vivienda 1995, 2000, 2005, 2010. Archived 2013-09-28 at the Wayback Machine
  6. Instituto Nacional de Estadística y Geografía. "Quintana Roo. Mapa de Agricultura y Vegetación". Archived from the original on 2012-01-27.
  7. "Kabah-na". Mexico Desconocido (in Spanish). Mexico City: Grupo Editorial Impresiones Aéreas. 394: 33. December 2009. ISSN 1870-9397.
  8. "Rancho Encantado". Mexico Desconocido (in Spanish). Mexico City: Grupo Editorial Impresiones Aéreas. 394: 33. December 2009. ISSN 1870-9397.
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