Osterholz-Scharmbeck

Osterholz-Scharmbeck is a town and the capital of the district of Osterholz, in Lower Saxony, Germany. Osterholz-Scharmbeck is situated in between the cities of Bremen and Bremerhaven.

Osterholz-Scharmbeck
Town hall

Coat of arms
Location of Osterholz-Scharmbeck within Osterholz district
Osterholz-Scharmbeck
Osterholz-Scharmbeck
Coordinates: 53°13′N 8°48′E
CountryGermany
StateLower Saxony
DistrictOsterholz
Subdivisions10 districts
Government
  MayorTorsten Rohde (Ind.)
Area
  Total147 km2 (57 sq mi)
Elevation
11 m (36 ft)
Population
 (2018-12-31)[1]
  Total30,300
  Density210/km2 (530/sq mi)
Time zoneCET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes
27711
Dialling codes04791
Vehicle registrationOHZ
Websitewww.osterholz-scharmbeck.de

Geography

Neighbouring places

Division of the town

Official parts

  • Freißenbüttel
  • Garlstedt
  • Heilshorn
  • Hülseberg
  • Ohlenstedt
  • Pennigbüttel
  • Sandhausen
  • Scharmbeckstotel
  • Teufelsmoor

Historical parts

  • Ahrensfelde
  • Altenbrück
  • Altendamm
  • Auf Dem Raden
  • Auf Dem Rusch
  • Bargten
  • Bredbeck
  • Buschhausen
  • Büttel
  • Feldhof
  • Haslah
  • Hinter Dem Horn
  • Kattenhorn
  • Lange Heide
  • Lintel
  • Muskau
  • Myhle
  • Niedersandhausen
  • Ovelgönne
  • Ruschkamp
  • Settenbeck
  • Vorwohlde
  • Westerbeck
  • Wiste

History

The town was first mentioned in 1043 as Scirnbeci. From 1180 on the Scharmbeck belonged to the Prince-Archbishopric of Bremen. The monastery in Osterholz was founded in 1182 and persisted until 1650, when Lower Saxony became mostly Protestant. In 1648 the Prince-Archbishopric was transformed into the Duchy of Bremen, which was first ruled in personal union by the Swedish and from 1715 on by the Hanoverian Crown. In 1823 the Duchy was abolished and its territory became part of the Stade Region in the Kingdom of Hanover.

In 1927 the two communities of Osterholz and Scharmbeck were merged under the name of Osterholz-Scharmbeck and in 1929 town privileges were granted.

Between 1978 and 1992, 4,200 soldiers of the U.S. Army's 2nd Armored Division (Forward) were stationed, and another 4,000 family members resided in Osterholz-Scharmbeck.

Population Growth

  • 1904: 4.701 [2]
  • 1909: 6.060
  • 1945: 12.500
  • 1961: 19.258
  • 1987: 24.150
  • 2004: 31.145
  • 2005: 31.055
  • 2010: 30.218

Mayor

The mayor is Torsten Rohde (independent). He was elected in May 2014 with 59,02 % of the votes.[3] The predecessor was Martin Wagener (SPD).

Notable residents

  • Roland Baar (born 1965), rowing sportsman
  • Eduard Neumann (1903-1985), professor and rector of the Free University of Berlin
  • Bodo Ramelow (born 1956), politician (The Left), since 2014 Minister President of Thuringia

Books

  • Friedrich Kühlken: Zwischen Niederweser und Niederelbe – Eine Heimatkunde des Landes Bremen und des Niedersächsischen Regierungsbezirks Stade. Osterholz-Scharmbeck 1950.
  • Reelf Menckhoff: Chronik von Osterholz-Scharmbeck – Band 1: Von den Anfängen bis 1929. Stadt Osterholz-Scharmbeck 2004.
  • Jürgen Meyer-Korte, Rolf Metzing: Osterholz-Scharmbeck: Picture and Development of a City. Saade, Osterholz-Scharmbeck 1979.
  • Johann Segelken: Osterholz-Scharmbecker Heimatbuch. Saade, Osterholz-Scharmbeck 1987, ISBN 3-922642-18-7.
  • Ernstheinrich Meyer-Stiens: Heimliche Hauptstraße, die Bahnhofstraße in Osterholz-Scharmbeck 1865 – 1929 – 1945 – 1999. Menschen, Ereignisse und Innenansichten einer norddeutschen Kleinstadt. Saade, Osterholz-Scharmbeck 2000, ISBN 3-922642-40-3.

References

  1. Landesamt für Statistik Niedersachsen, LSN-Online Regionaldatenbank, Tabelle 12411: Fortschreibung des Bevölkerungsstandes, Stand 31. Dezember 2018.
  2. Chronik von Osterholz-Scharmbeck Band I. Von den Anfängen bis 1929. Hrsg. Stadt Osterholz-Scharmbeck
  3. http://www.landeswahlleiter.niedersachsen.de/download/87577/Einzelergebnisse_der_Direktwahlen_am_25._Mai_2014.pdf Einzelergebnisse der Direktwahlen am 25. Mai 2014 in Niedersachsen],
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