Ortler Alps

The Ortler Alps (Italian: Ortles-Cevedale [ˌɔrtlestʃeveˈdaːle]; German: Ortler-Alpen) are a mountain range of the Southern Limestone Alps mountain group in the Central Eastern Alps, in Italy and Switzerland.

Ortler Alps
Italian: Gruppo dell'Ortles-Cevedale
German: Ortler-Alpen
Ortler Alps
Highest point
PeakOrtler
Elevation3,905 m (12,812 ft)
Coordinates46°30′32″N 10°32′42″E
Geography
CountriesItaly and Switzerland
Range coordinates46°27′N 10°37′E
Parent rangeSouthern Limestone Alps
Borders onLivigno Range and Adamello-Presanella

Geography

The Ortler Alps are separated from:

  1. the Livigno Range in the north-west by the Stelvio Pass and the Adda River valley (Valtellina)
  2. the Adamello-Presanella range in the south by the Tonale Pass
  3. the Ötztal Alps in the north-east by the upper Adige valley (Vinschgau).

The part west of the Gavia Pass is also called Sobretta-Gavia Group.

The Ortler Alps are drained by the rivers Adda, Oglio, Adige and its tributary Noce.

Peaks

The main peaks of the Ortler Alps are:

Peak (Italian)(German)metresfeet
OrtlesOrtler3,90512,811
Gran ZebrùKönigspitze3,85712,655
Monte CevedaleZufallspitze3,77412,382
Monte Zebrù3,73512,254
Palón della Mare3,70512,156
Punta San Matteo3,69212,113
Monte Vioz3,64511,959
Punta ThurwieserThurwieserspitze3,64111,946
Pizzo Tresero3,60211,818
Cima VertanaVertainspitze3,54111,618
Punta delle BàiteTuckettspitze3,45811,346
Cima SternaiHintere Eggenspitze3,44311,296
GioverettoZufrittspitze3,43911,283
Cima VeneziaVeneziaspitze3,38411,103
Croda di CenglesTschenglser Hochwand3,37811,083
Monte Confinale3,37011,057
Corno dei Tre Signori3,36011,024
Monte Sobretta3,29610,814
Orecchia di LepreHasenöhrl3,25710,686
Monte Gavia3,22310,574
Piz Umbrail (Romansh)3,0339,951
Piz Lad (Romansh)2,8829,455

Mountain passes

The main mountain passes of the Ortler Alps are:

Mountain pass location type elevation
m ft
Hochjoch Sulden to the Zebrù valley snow 3536 11,602
Vioz Pass Santa Caterina Valfurva to Peio snow 3337 10,949
Königsjoch Sulden to Santa Caterina snow 3295 10,811
Cevedale Pass Santa Caterina to Martell snow 3271 10,732
Eissee Pass Sulden to Martell snow 3133 10,279
Passo del Zebru Santa Caterina to the Zebrù valley snow 3025 9925
Sallentjoch Martell to Bagni di Rabbi snow 3021 9913
Sforzellina Pass Santa Caterina to Peio snow 3005 9859
Tabarettascharte Sulden to Trafoi footpath 2883 9459
Stelvio Pass/Stilfserjoch Trafoi to Bormio road 2760 9055
Gavia Pass Santa Caterina to Ponte di Legno road 2637 8651

History

The Ortler Alps were part of the Italian front during World War I. In this area, the Austro-Hungarians and the Italians dug in during a trench war fought at altitudes above 3,000 m (10,000 ft) for most of the war. Some trenches are still visible today, and war relics continue to be found in the area.

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