Oregon Pine (schooner)

Oregon Pine was a six-masted lumber schooner completed in 1920, which was built as a result of the shipbuilding efforts associated with World War I. She sailed in the West Coast lumber trade, bringing lumber from the Columbia River to Shanghai and Port Adelaide, Australia.

Oregon Pine
United States
Name: Oregon Pine
Owner: Grant, Smith, & Co, Portland, Oregon
Builder: Peninsula Shipbuilding Co., Portland, Oregon
Acquired: Capt. Sterling, 1926
Renamed: Contracted as Cotys, renamed Oregon Pine upon completion; renamed Dorothy H. Sterling in 1926
Fate: abandoned Garden Island 1932[1]
Status: historic shipwreck[2]
General characteristics
Tons burthen: 2,526 tons; capacity of 2,225,000 ft. of lumber
Length: 267 ft 0 in (81.38 m)
Beam: 49 ft 6 in (15.09 m)
Draft: 25 ft 2 in (7.67 m)
Propulsion: sail


Oregon Pine was completed in 1920, as part of a contract by the Emergency Fleet Commission "for 12 hulls of its own design, to be delivered without engines. There were no cancellations." Her name was to be Cotys, with a sister ship of Cossa, both six-masted schooners. Upon completion, the schooners were renamed Oregon Pine and Oregon Fir, and later in their careers, Dorothy H. Sterling and Helen B. Sterling, respectively. The schooners were chartered for offshore voyages from the Columbia River with lumber. The two ships were of identical specifications: 2,526 tons, 267 ft. long, with a capacity of 2,225,000 feet of lumber.[3]


The Oregon Pine made her last offshore voyage in 1924. She was laid up at Astoria, Oregon, where Capt. Sterling purchased her in 1926, renaming her Dorothy H Sterling[4] Oregon Pine and Oregon Fir were both operating "quite steadily" from the Columbia River in 1926 for the Shanghai Building Co.[5]


In 1928, the Dorothy H Sterling carried lumber from Puget Sound to Port Adelaide, Australia. There she was "libelled for harbor dues and crew wages." The ship was broken up in Port Adelaide in 1930 and her remains were towed to the Garden Island Ships' graveyard near Port Adelaide on 6 June 1932 where they remain to the present time.[6][7][8][9] The wreck is officially located at 34°48′44.6″S 138°22′23.7″E.[2]


  1. Hartell, Robyn; Richards, Nathan (2001), Garden Island, Ships's Graveyard, Heritage SA, Department for Environment and Heritage, pp.1 & 9. (ISBN 0-7308-5894-4).
  2. "View Shipwreck - Dorothy H. Sterling". Australian National Shipwreck Database. Retrieved 10 March 2014.
  3. Newell, Gordon (1966). "World War I Shipbuilding". H.W. McCurdy, Marine History of the Pacific Northwest. Seattle, WA: Superior Pub. Co. p. 279. OCLC 2869177.
  4. McCurdy, Maritime events of 1929-30 chapter, p. 399
  5. McCurdy, Maritime Events of 1926 chapter, p. 372
  6. McCurdy, Maritime Events of 1929-30 chapter, p. 399
  7. Hartell, Robyn; Richards, Nathan (2001), Garden Island, Ships's Graveyard, Heritage SA, Department for Environment and Heritage, pp.1 & 8-9. (ISBN 0-7308-5894-4).
  8. (Ships Graveyard) Port Adelaide, at http://www.environment.sa.gov.au/Heritage/Heritage_places_areas/Ships_graveyards/Locations/Port_Adelaide, retrieved 08/07/2012.
  9. 'DOROTHY H. STERLING – Garden Island' brochure at http://www.environment.sa.gov.au/files/a5cbc72e-ea1f-475c-a7f4-9e2900d01511/dh_sterling.pdf, retrieved 08/07/2012.

See also

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