Oregon's at-large congressional district

Oregon's at-large congressional district is a former United States Congressional District. During its existence, Oregon voters elected a Representative of the United States House of Representatives at-large from the entire state.

History

The district came into existence when the U.S. state of Oregon was admitted to the Union on February 14, 1859. Its first representative, La Fayette Grover, had been elected in June 1858 in anticipation of statehood, but since Congress delayed action until February 1859, Grover served only 17 days as Representative.[1]

The district ceased to exist after the 1890 U.S. census apportioned another representative to Oregon beginning with the 53rd United States Congress which convened on March 3, 1893. Binger Hermann was Oregon's last at-large Representative. He represented Oregon's 1st congressional district beginning in 1893.

List of representatives

Representative Party Dates Cong
ress
Electoral history
Oregon statehood February 14, 1859
La Fayette Grover Democratic February 14, 1859 –
March 3, 1859
35th Retired
Lansing Stout Democratic March 4, 1859 –
March 3, 1861
36th Lost renomination
Andrew J. Thayer Democratic March 4, 1861 –
July 30, 1861
37th Lost election contest
George K. Shiel Democratic July 30, 1861 –
March 3, 1863
37th Won election contest
Retired
John R. McBride Republican March 4, 1863 –
March 3, 1865
38th Unsuccessful candidate for renomination in 1864
James H. D. Henderson Republican March 4, 1865 –
March 3, 1867
39th Lost renomination
Rufus Mallory Republican March 4, 1867 –
March 3, 1869
40th Retired
Joseph S. Smith Democratic March 4, 1869 –
March 3, 1871
41st Not a candidate for reelection in 1870
James H. Slater Democratic March 4, 1871 –
March 3, 1873
42nd Not a candidate for reelection in 1870
Joseph Gardner Wilson Republican March 4, 1873 –
July 2, 1873
43rd Died before Congress assembled
Vacant July 3, 1873 –
November 30, 1873
James W. Nesmith Democratic December 1, 1873 –
March 3, 1875
43rd Elected to finish Wilson's term
George Augustus La Dow Democratic March 4, 1875 –
May 1, 1875
44th Died before Congress assembled
Vacant May 2, 1875 –
October 25, 1875
Lafayette Lane Democratic October 25, 1875 –
March 3, 1877
44th Elected to finish La Dow's term
Richard Williams Republican March 4, 1877 –
March 3, 1879
45th Not a candidate for reelection in 1878
John Whiteaker Democratic March 4, 1879 –
March 3, 1881
46th Lost re-election
Melvin Clark George Republican March 4, 1881 –
March 3, 1885
47th
48th
Not a candidate for reelection in 1884
Binger Hermann Republican March 4, 1885 –
March 3, 1893
49th
50th
51st
52nd
Became 1st district representative
District eliminated March 3, 1893

References

General
  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1982). The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.
  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1989). The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.
  • Congressional Biographical Directory of the United States 1774–present
Specific
  1. "Legislative Assembly". Oregon State Archives. Retrieved 2012-02-10.

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