Ore Mountain Mining Region

The Ore Mountain Mining Region (German: Montanregion Erzgebirge) is an industrial heritage landscape, over 800 years old, in the border region between the German state of Saxony and North Bohemia in the Czech Republic. It is characterised by a plethora of historic, largely original, monuments to technology, as well as numerous individual monuments and collections related to the historic mining industry of the region. The identity and authenticity of the mining heritage landscape of the Ore Mountains on both sides of the German-Czech border has no equivalent anywhere in the world, and if the region succeeds in being recognised as a UNESCO world heritage site - for which it has been nominated - it should help to preserve it for future generations as a "developing cultural landscape".

Erzgebirge/Krušnohoří Mining Region
UNESCO World Heritage Site
LocationCzech Republic and Germany
CriteriaCultural: (ii), (iii), (iv)
Reference1478
Inscription2019 (43rd Session)
Area6,766.057 ha (16,719.29 acres)
Buffer zone13,017.791 ha (32,167.66 acres)
Coordinates50°24′23.5″N 12°50′14.44″E
Location of Ore Mountain Mining Region in Czech Republic

On 6 July 2019, the Erzgebirge/Krušnohoří Mining Region was inscribed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.[1]

History

From the first discovery of silver ore in 1168 in Christiansdorf in the territory of the present-day borough of Freiberg, which is part of the Freiberg Mining Field, mining was carried out uninterruptedly in the Ore Mountains until 1990. Amongst the raw materials mined over the course of centuries and in the whole mountain region were ores of the metals silver, lead, zinc, cobalt, nickel, copper, iron and tin; but anthracite and uranium were also extracted into the 19th and 20th century and were engines for the economic development of Saxony. Today deposits of indium, tungsten, tin and lithium are being investigated for their economic potential.


References

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