Ordre des Palmes académiques
The Ordre des Palmes académiques (French for "Order of Academic Palms") is a national order bestowed by the French Republic to distinguished academics and figures in the world of culture and education. Originally established in 1808 by Emperor Napoleon as a decoration to honour eminent members of the University of Paris, it was changed into its current form as an order of merit on 4 October 1955 by President René Coty.
|Ordre des Palmes académiques|
Commander's neck badge and ribbon
|Awarded by Ministry of National Education of the French Republic|
|Type||Order of merit|
|Awarded for||Distinguished contributions to education or culture|
|Grand Master||President Emmanuel Macron|
|Chancellor||Jean-Michel Blanquer, the Minister of National Education|
|Grades||Commander, 1st Class|
Officer, 2nd Class
Member/Knight, 3rd Class
|Next (higher)||Médaille de la Résistance|
|Next (lower)||Order of Agricultural Merit|
The three graded ribbon bars of the Order
In 1866, the scope of the award was widened to include major contributions to French national education and culture made by anyone, including foreigners. It was also made available to any French expatriates making major contributions to the expansion of French culture throughout the rest of the world.
- Commander (Commandeur) – gold cross of 60 mm with a coronet (couronne) worn on necklet.
- Officer (Officier) – gold cross of 55 mm worn on ribbon with rosette on left breast.
- Knight (Chevalier) – silver cross of 50 mm worn on ribbon on left breast.
Decisions on nominations and promotions are decided by the Minister of National Education. For those not connected to state-sponsored public education, or the Ministry of National Education, these honours are announced on 1 January, New Year's Day. For all others, they are made on 14 July, which is French National Day.
- Alexandre Bouzdine
- Claire Gibault
- Colette Caillat
- Dounia Bouzar
- Émilie Desjeux
- Françoise Blime-Dutertre
- Germain Marc'hadour
- Henri Betti
- Henri Brocard
- Henriette Tirman
- Hervé Laborne
- Isabelle Bogelot
- Jean Delaire
- Jules Benoit-Lévy
- Lucie Aubrac
- Marcel Pagnol
- Marie-Pier Ysser
- Michel Alaux
- Monique Adolphe
- Patrick Cousot
- Patrick Louis
- Philippe Zawieja
- Pierre Arpaillange
- Pierre Louis Rouillard
- Roger Taillibert
- Subrata K. Mitra
- Yves Coppens
- Queen 'Masenate Mohato Seeiso of Lesotho (2018)
- Ahmad Kamyabi Mask, Iranian littérateur, writer, translator, publisher and current Professor Emeritus of Modern Drama and Theater of the Faculty of Fine Arts of the University of Tehran.
- Ali-Akbar Siassi, Iranian intellectual, psychologist and politician during the 1930s and 1960s, serving as the country's Foreign Minister, Minister of Education, Chancellor of University of Tehran, and Minister of State without portfolio.
- Alice Lemieux-Lévesque, Canadian-American writer
- Allan L. Goldstein, American biochemist and co-discoverer of the Thymosins
- Andrea Zitolo, Italian physical-chemist and material scientist
- Bruno Bernard, Belgian author dictionary French foreign languages
- Buddy Wentworth, Namibian politician, for his contributions to the Namibian independence struggle
- Francis L. Lawrence(1937–2013), American educator and scholar specializing in French literature and university administrator; classical drama and baroque poetry scholar, President of Rutgers University (1990–2002)
- Léopold Sédar Senghor, Senegalese poet, politician, major theoretician of Négritude, first President of Senegal (1960–80), and the first African to be elected as a member of the Académie française
- Louis Dewis, born Isidore Louis Dewachter in Belgium. Successful merchant and later a Post-Impressionist painter, he was honored for his civic endeavors in the early 1900s
- Javad Tabatabai, Iranian philosopher and political scientist, Professor and Vice-Dean of the Faculty of Law and Political Science at the University of Tehran.
- John Kneller (1916-2009), English-American professor and fifth President of Brooklyn College
|Member/Knight (Chevalier)||Officer (Officier)||Commander (Commandeur)|
- "Décret n°55-1323 du 4 octobre 1955 portant institution d'un ordre des Palmes académiques". Legifrance. French Republic. Retrieved February 17, 2017.
- "Les Palmes académiques, la plus ancienne distinction civile". Le Parisien. February 22, 2010. Retrieved February 18, 2017.
- Hieronymussen, Poul Ohm (1970). Orders, medals, and decorations of Britain and Europe in colour. London, U.K.: Blandford Press. p. 162. ISBN 978-0-7137-0445-7. OCLC 768124951.
- Evangelista, Nick (1994). The Encyclopedia of the Sword. Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 14. ISBN 978-0-313-27896-9. OCLC 29954316.
- "MONIQUE ADOLPHE". Académie royale de médecine de Belgique. Retrieved February 18, 2017.
- "Former deputy minister Wentworth dies". The Namibian. 5 June 2014.
- Lawrence, Francis L. Leadership in Higher Education: Views from the Presidency (New Brunswick, New Jersey: Transaction Publishers, 2006), 345.
- Javad Tatabai Archived 2013-11-05 at the Wayback Machine, Institut d'études avancées de Paris
- Association des Membres de l'Ordre des Palmes Académiques (in French)
- France: Order of the Academic Palms Medals of the World