Onofre Jarpa

Onofre Jarpa Labra (12 June, 1849 15 February, 1940) was a Chilean landscape painter in the Romantic style, and an essayist on various artistic topics.

Onofre Jarpa
BornJune 12, 1849 (1849-06-12)
DiedFebruary 15, 1940 (1940-02-16) (aged 90)


His education began at the Instituto Nacional, a prestigious school that has produced many of Chile's presidents. He continued his studies at the Academia de Bellas Artes,[1] directed by the conservative Italian painter Alejandro Ciccarelli, who resigned in 1869 and was replaced by the German painter, Ernst Kirchbach, who took a progressive approach that was more amenable to Jarpa's temperament.

In 1875, he won second prize at an international exhibition in Santiago and, six years later, received a government grant to study in Europe, where he visited Spain, Rome and Paris. In Spain, he worked with Francisco Pradilla, who had a major influence on his style.[1] His most important period, however, came during his stay in Venice, where his style became more Naturalistic and he began producing still-lifes.[2] He also became devoted to painting en plein aire. After his European tour, he visited the Holy Land, where he painted scenes from the River Jordan and Mount Carmel.

Upon returning to Chile, he became a teacher. Among his best-known students were José Tomás Errázuriz, Alberto Valenzuela Llanos and the caricaturist Jorge Délano Frederick.[3] He resisted the trends toward French Impressionism, represented by his former classmate, Juan Francisco González, although he was on good terms with the Grupo Montparnasse and the Generación del 13.[1]

In addition to his landscapes and still lifes, he painted several portraits of notable public figures. A quiet, deeply religious man, he continued to paint almost until the day of his death.[2] Most of his works are now in private collections.


  1. Brief biography @ Biografías y Vidas.
  2. Brief biography @ MCN Biografías.
  3. Biographical notes @ Artistas Plásticos Chilenos.

Further reading

  • Anna Francisca Allamand, Onofre Jarpa: la naturaleza, fuente inagotable de inspiración, (Nature: an inexhaustible source of inspiration, Volume 5 of "Pintura chilena del siglo XIX"), Origo Ediciones, 2008 ISBN 956-316-029-0

Media related to Onofre Jarpa at Wikimedia Commons

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