Olsberg, Germany

Olsberg is a town in the Hochsauerland district, in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.

Olsberg
Kroppsches Haus in Olsberg

Coat of arms
Location of Olsberg within Hochsauerland district
Olsberg
Olsberg
Coordinates: 51°21′N 8°29′E
CountryGermany
StateNorth Rhine-Westphalia
Admin. regionArnsberg
DistrictHochsauerland
Subdivisions15
Government
  MayorWolfgang Fischer (CDU)
Area
  Total117.97 km2 (45.55 sq mi)
Elevation
313-843 m (−2,450 ft)
Population
 (2018-12-31)[1]
  Total21,556
  Density180/km2 (470/sq mi)
Time zoneCET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes
59939
Dialling codes02962
Vehicle registrationHSK
Websitewww.olsberg.de

Geography

It is situated on the river Ruhr, approx. 15 km east of Meschede. It is bordered by Arnsberg Forest Nature Park, on the northern fringe of the Rothaargebirge. The town's setting is dominated by heavily wooded ridges and valleys formed by the Ruhr and three of its tributaries.

A notable feature situated within the town's limits are the Bruchhauser Steine, four large porphyry rocks located on a mountain near the village of Bruchhausen.

The Langenberg, the highest mountain of north-west Germany and North Rhine-Westphalia, is located on the eastern town border, the peak being just inside the town's limits.

Neighbouring towns and municipalities

Clockwise from the north, Olsberg is bordered by:

Division of the town

The town of Olsberg comprises twelve villages. The town's core consists of Olsberg itself and Bigge, which have physically merged since the 1950s.

  • Antfeld
  • Assinghausen
  • Bigge
  • Olsberg
  • Bruchhausen
  • Brunskappel
  • Elleringhausen
  • Elpe/Heinrichsdorf
  • Gevelinghausen
  • Helmeringhausen
  • Wiemeringhausen
  • Wulmeringhausen

History

The town was formed on January 1, 1975 in the course of the municipal reorganization of North Rhine-Westphalia. Before that date all villages (except Bigge and Olsberg, which had been merged already been merged into a single municipality in 1969) have been independent municipalities.

Politics

The town council is currently headed by mayor Wolfgang Fischer (CDU).

PartySeats
CDU23[2]
SPD12[3]
Grüne3[4]

Economy

Traditionally dominated by agriculture (especially dairy farming) and small scale wood and metal craft, the town's economical base today relies on the tertiary sector, especially tourism. Industry consists primarily of metallurgy and sawmills.

Transport

Rail

The town has two train stations.

  • Olsberg railway station is situated on the railway line between Hagen and Kassel and receives a generally hourly service in both direction.
  • Bigge railway station is on the line between Dortmund and Winterberg and has a one train in each direction every two hours.

Bus

Buses connect the town core to the neighbouring villages and towns, generally with hourly services. Most bus services meet at Olsberg railway station to connect with train services.

Road

The Bundesstraße 480 runs through the town from north to south, and meets the Bundesstraße 7 just north of the town in the village of Altenbüren. The current end of the A46 motorway is 9 km to the west.

Town bypass

Construction on a southern bypass road started in 2005 and is scheduled for opening in 2010. It will take the Bundesstrasse 480 to a new route bypassing the town core to the west and the south.[5]

Air

The closest airports with commercial service are Paderborn Lippstadt Airport 60 km to the north and Dortmund Airport 75 km to the west. While there is no general aviation airports in the town itself, the neighbouring town of Brilon and nearby Meschede both have public airfields for this purpose.

Education

Children are allocated to four primary schools according to their place of residence. Additionally there are three secondary schools, one of which caters for children with physical disabilities. While the town does not have a Gymnasium (higher education school), it maintains a vocational college.[6]

International relations

Olsberg is twinned with:

References

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