Oldest people

This is a list of tables of the oldest people in the world in ordinal ranks. To avoid including false or unconfirmed claims of old age, names here are restricted to those people whose ages have been validated by an international body that specifically deals in longevity research, such as the Gerontology Research Group (GRG) or Guinness World Records (GWR), and others who have otherwise been reliably sourced.

According to this criterion, the longest human lifespan is that of Jeanne Calment of France (1875–1997), who lived to age 122 years, 164 days. She supposedly met Vincent van Gogh when she was 12 or 13.[1] She received news media attention in 1985, after turning 110. Subsequent investigation found documentation for Calment's age, beyond any reasonable question, in the records of her native city, Arles, France.[2] More evidence of Calment's lifespan has been produced than for any other supercentenarian, such that her case serves as an archetype in the methodology for verifying the ages of the world's oldest people.[3] However, Calment's age was nevertheless disputed in a 2018 study which hypothesized that Calment's daughter Yvonne, born in 1898 and claimed to have died in 1934, usurped Jeanne's identity upon her mother's death,[4] and which still is not resolved almost a year later. Other researchers have dismissed this hypothesis on the basis of extensive prior research into Calment's life.[5]

The longest human lifespan which is undisputed is that of Sarah Knauss of the United States (1880–1999), who lived to age 119 years, 97 days.

As women live longer than men on average, combined records for both sexes are predominated by women. The longest lifespan for a man is that of Jiroemon Kimura of Japan (1897–2013), who lived to age 116 years, 54 days.

Since the death of 117-year-old Chiyo Miyako of Japan on 22 July 2018, 116-year-old Kane Tanaka, also of Japan, born 2 January 1903, is the oldest living person in the world whose age has been validated. Since the death of 114-year-old Gustav Gerneth of Germany on 22 October 2019, 112-year-old Chitetsu Watanabe of Japan, born 5 March 1907, is the world's oldest known living man.

Ten oldest verified people ever

Systematic verification of longevity has only been practiced in recent decades and only in certain parts of the world. All ten oldest verified people ever are women.

  Deceased   Living

Rank Name Birth date Death date Age Country of death or residence
1 Jeanne Calment 21 February 1875 4 August 1997 122 years, 164 days[a][4] France
2 Sarah Knauss[6] 24 September 1880 30 December 1999 119 years, 97 days United States
3 Nabi Tajima[7] 4 August 1900 21 April 2018 117 years, 260 days Japan
4 Lucy Hannah[8] 16 July 1875 21 March 1993 117 years, 248 days United States
5 Marie-Louise Meilleur[9] 29 August 1880 16 April 1998 117 years, 230 days Canada
6 Violet Brown[7] 10 March 1900 15 September 2017 117 years, 189 days Jamaica
7 Emma Morano[7] 29 November 1899 15 April 2017 117 years, 137 days Italy
8 Chiyo Miyako[10] 2 May 1901 22 July 2018 117 years, 81 days Japan
9 Misao Okawa[7] 5 March 1898 1 April 2015 117 years, 27 days Japan
10 Kane Tanaka[7] 2 January 1903 Living 116 years, 348 days Japan

a^ Calment's case was disputed in a study posted online in November 2018, which has not been formally resolved.

Men

Rank Name Birth date Death date Age [**] Country of death or residence
1 Jiroemon Kimura[11][12] 19 April 1897 12 June 2013 116 years, 54 days Japan
2 Christian Mortensen[12] 16 August 1882 25 April 1998 115 years, 252 days United States[a]
3 Emiliano Mercado del Toro[12] 21 August 1891 24 January 2007 115 years, 156 days Puerto Rico
4 Mathew Beard[12] 9 July 1870 16 February 1985 114 years, 222 days United States
5 Walter Breuning[13] 21 September 1896 14 April 2011 114 years, 205 days United States
6 Yukichi Chuganji[14] 23 March 1889 28 September 2003 114 years, 189 days Japan
7 Joan Riudavets[15] 15 December 1889 5 March 2004 114 years, 81 days Spain
Gustav Gerneth[16] 15 October 1905 22 October 2019 114 years, 7 days Germany[b]
8 Fred H. Hale, Sr.[17] 1 December 1890 19 November 2004 113 years, 354 days United States
9 Yisrael Kristal[7][18] 15 September 1903 11 August 2017 113 years, 330 days Israel[c]
10 Johnson Parks[12] 15 October 1884 17 July 1998 113 years, 275 days United States

a^ Mortensen was born in Denmark.
b^ Gerneth was born in Stettin, then part of the German Empire, now in Poland and renamed Szczecin.
c^ Kristal was born in Maleniec, Końskie County, then part of the Russian Empire, now in Poland.

Ten oldest living people

Note: all ten oldest verified living people are women.

Rank Name Sex Birth date Age as of 16 December 2019 Country of residence
1 Kane Tanaka[7] F 2 January 1903 116 years, 348 days Japan
2 Lucile Randon,[7] aka Sœur André[19] F 11 February 1904 115 years, 308 days France
3 Jeanne Bot[7][20] F 14 January 1905 114 years, 336 days France
4 Shigeyo Nakachi[7] F 1 February 1905 114 years, 318 days Japan
5 Geertje Kuijntjes[7] F 19 July 1905 114 years, 150 days Netherlands
6 Katerina Karnarou[21] F 25 July 1905 114 years, 144 days Greece
7 Hester Ford[7] F 15 August 1905 114 years, 123 days United States
8 Iris Westman[7] F 28 August 1905 114 years, 110 days United States
9 Noeme da Silveira Freitas[22][23] F 7 September 1905 114 years, 100 days Brazil
10 Kura Bingo[7] F 20 October 1905 114 years, 57 days Japan

Ten oldest living men

Rank Name Birth date Age as of 16 December 2019 Country of residence
1 Chitetsu Watanabe[7][24] 5 March 1907 112 years, 286 days Japan
2 Robert Weighton[25] 29 March 1908 111 years, 262 days United Kingdom
3 Irving Piken[26] 20 December 1908 110 years, 361 days United States
4 Modesto Lopez Bautista[27] 17 January 1909 110 years, 333 days United States[lower-alpha 1]
5 Saturnino de la Fuente[28] 8 February 1909 110 years, 311 days Spain
6 Moacyr Nunes Barroso[29] 31 March 1909 110 years, 260 days Brazil
7 Jules Théobald[30] 13 April 1909 110 years, 247 days France (Martinique)
8 Marcel Meys[31] 12 July 1909 110 years, 157 days France
9 Joaquim Illas[32] 26 July 1909 110 years, 143 days Spain
10 Issaku Tomoe[33] 15 August 1909 110 years, 123 days Japan
  1. Bautista was born in Mexico.

Chronological list of the oldest known living person since 1955

This table lists the sequence of the world's oldest known living person from 1955 to present, according to GRG research.[34] Due to the life expectancy difference between sexes, nearly all the oldest living people have been women; a sequence of the oldest living men is provided below the main list.

From Oldest during… Name Sex Age(s) when
oldest
Lifespan Country of death
or residence
Unknown dateN/A Betsy Baker F ? – 113 20 August 1842 – 24 October 1955
113 years, 65 days
United States
24 October 19551 year, 53 days Jennie Howell F 110 – 111 11 February 1845 – 16 December 1956
111 years, 309 days
United States
16 December 19561 year, 104 days Anne Marie Carstenson F 107 – 109 24 January 1849 – 30 March 1958
109 years, 65 days
United States
30 March 1958201 days Nancy Ryan F 108 – 109 5 September 1849 – 17 October 1958
109 years, 42 days
United States
17 October 1958355 days Christina Karnebeek-Backs F 109 – 110 2 October 1849 – 7 October 1959
110 years, 5 days
Netherlands
7 October 195948 days Marie Olsen F 109 1 May 1850 – 24 November 1959
109 years, 207 days
Norway
24 November 19595 years, 36 days Mary Kelly F 108 – 113 7 June 1851 – 30 December 1964
113 years, 206 days
United States
30 December 196466 days Elizabeth Kensley F 109 12 May 1855 – 6 March 1965
109 years, 298 days
United Kingdom
6 March 1965153 days William Fullingim M 109 – 110 7 July 1855 – 6 August 1965
110 years, 30 days
United States
6 August 1965157 days Hannah Smith F 109 – 110 7 January 1856 – 10 January 1966
110 years, 3 days
United Kingdom
10 January 19662 years, 71 days John Mosely Turner M 109 – 111 15 June 1856 – 21 March 1968
111 years, 280 days
United Kingdom
21 March 196887 days Johanna Booyson F 111 17 January 1857 – 16 June 1968
111 years, 151 days
South Africa
16 June 1968322 days Marie Bernátková F 110 – 111 22 October 1857 – 4 May 1969[35]
111 years, 194 days
Czechoslovakia[lower-alpha 1]
4 May 1969252 days Ada Roe F 111 6 February 1858 – 11 January 1970
111 years, 339 days
United Kingdom
11 January 19703 years, 47 days Josefa Salas Mateo F 109 – 112 14 July 1860 – 27 February 1973
112 years, 228 days
Spain
27 February 1973172 days Alice Stevenson F 111 – 112 10 July 1861 – 18 August 1973
112 years, 39 days
United Kingdom
18 August 197374 days Elizabeth Watkins F 110 10 March 1863 – 31 October 1973
110 years, 235 days
United Kingdom
31 October 19731 year, 212 days Mito Umeta F 110 – 112 27 March 1863 – 31 May 1975
112 years, 65 days
Japan
31 May 19751 year, 169 days Niwa Kawamoto F 111 – 113 5 August 1863 – 16 November 1976
113 years, 105 days
Japan
16 November 19761 year, 16 days Sophia DeMuth F 110 – 111 30 June 1866 – 2 December 1977
111 years, 155 days
United States
2 December 1977144 days Marie-Virginie Duhem F 111 2 August 1866 – 25 April 1978
111 years, 266 days
France
25 April 19782 years, 272 days Fannie Thomas F 111 – 113 14 April 1867 – 22 January 1981
113 years, 283 days
United States
22 January 198145 days Augustine Teissier F 112 2 January 1869 – 8 March 1981
112 years, 65 days
France
8 March 19811 year, 250 days Nellie Spencer F 111 – 113 24 August 1869 – 13 November 1982
113 years, 81 days
United States
13 November 1982334 days Emma Wilson F 112 – 113 12 May 1870 – 13 October 1983
113 years, 154 days
United States
13 October 19831 year, 126 days Mathew Beard M 113 – 114 9 July 1870 – 16 February 1985
114 years, 222 days
United States
16 February 19851 year, 247 days Augusta Holtz F 113 – 115 3 August 1871 – 21 October 1986
115 years, 79 days
United States
21 October 1986104 days Mary McKinney F 113 30 May 1873 – 2 February 1987
113 years, 248 days
United States
2 February 1987328 days Anna Eliza Williams F 113 – 114 2 June 1873 – 27 December 1987
114 years, 208 days
United Kingdom
27 December 198715 days Florence Knapp F 114 10 October 1873 – 11 January 1988
114 years, 93 days
United States
11 January 19889 years, 205 days Jeanne Calment[lower-alpha 2] F 112 – 122 21 February 1875 – 4 August 1997
122 years, 164 days
France
4 August 1997255 days Marie-Louise Meilleur F 116 – 117 29 August 1880 – 16 April 1998
117 years, 230 days
Canada
16 April 19981 year, 258 days Sarah Knauss F 117 – 119 24 September 1880 – 30 December 1999
119 years, 97 days
United States
30 December 1999308 days Eva Morris F 114 8 November 1885 – 2 November 2000
114 years, 360 days
United Kingdom
2 November 2000216 days Marie Brémont F 114 – 115 25 April 1886 – 6 June 2001
115 years, 42 days
France
5 June 2001286 days Maude Farris-Luse F 114 – 115 21 January 1887 – 18 March 2002
115 years, 56 days
United States
18 March 200271 days Grace Clawson F 114 15 November 1887 – 28 May 2002
114 years, 194 days
United States
28 May 200285 days Adelina Domingues F 114 19 February 1888 – 21 August 2002
114 years, 183 days
United States
21 August 2002130 days Mae Harrington F 113 20 January 1889 – 29 December 2002
113 years, 343 days
United States
29 December 2002273 days Yukichi Chuganji M 113 – 114 23 March 1889 – 28 September 2003
114 years, 189 days
Japan
28 September 200346 days Mitoyo Kawate F 114 15 May 1889 – 13 November 2003
114 years, 182 days
Japan
13 November 2003198 days Ramona Trinidad Iglesias-Jordan F 114 31 August 1889 – 29 May 2004
114 years, 272 days
Puerto Rico
29 May 20042 years, 90 days María Capovilla F 114 – 116 14 September 1889 – 27 August 2006
116 years, 347 days
Ecuador
27 August 2006106 days Elizabeth Bolden F 116 15 August 1890 – 11 December 2006
116 years, 118 days
United States
11 December 200644 days Emiliano Mercado del Toro M 115 21 August 1891 – 24 January 2007
115 years, 156 days
Puerto Rico
24 January 20074 days Emma Tillman F 114 22 November 1892 – 28 January 2007
114 years, 67 days
United States
29 January 2007[lower-alpha 3]196 days Yone Minagawa F 114 4 January 1893 – 13 August 2007
114 years, 221 days
Japan
13 August 20071 year, 105 days Edna Parker F 114 – 115 20 April 1893 – 26 November 2008
115 years, 220 days
United States
26 November 200837 days Maria de Jesus F 115 10 September 1893 – 2 January 2009
115 years, 114 days
Portugal
2 January 2009252 days Gertrude Baines F 114 – 115 6 April 1894 – 11 September 2009
115 years, 158 days
United States
11 September 2009233 days Kama Chinen F 114 10 May 1895 – 2 May 2010
114 years, 357 days
Japan
2 May 2010186 days Eugénie Blanchard F 114 16 February 1896 – 4 November 2010
114 years, 261 days
Saint Barthélemy, France
4 November 2010229 days Maria Gomes Valentim F 114 9 July 1896 – 21 June 2011
114 years, 347 days
Brazil
21 June 20111 year, 166 days Besse Cooper F 114 – 116 26 August 1896 – 4 December 2012
116 years, 100 days
United States
4 December 201213 days Dina Manfredini F 115 4 April 1897 – 17 December 2012
115 years, 257 days
United States
17 December 2012177 days Jiroemon KimuraM115 – 116 19 April 1897 – 12 June 2013
116 years, 54 days
Japan
12 June 20131 year, 292 days Misao OkawaF115 – 117 5 March 1898 – 1 April 2015
117 years, 27 days
Japan
31 March 2015[lower-alpha 4]6 days Gertrude WeaverF116 4 July 1898 – 6 April 2015
116 years, 276 days
United States
6 April 201572 days Jeralean TalleyF115 – 116 23 May 1899 – 17 June 2015
116 years, 25 days
United States
17 June 2015331 days Susannah Mushatt JonesF115 – 116 6 July 1899 – 12 May 2016
116 years, 311 days
United States
13 May 2016[lower-alpha 5]337 days Emma MoranoF116 – 117 29 November 1899 – 15 April 2017
117 years, 137 days
Italy
15 April 2017153 days Violet BrownF117 10 March 1900 – 15 September 2017
117 years, 189 days
Jamaica
16 September 2017[lower-alpha 6]217 days Nabi TajimaF117 4 August 1900 – 21 April 2018
117 years, 260 days
Japan
21 April 201892 days Chiyo MiyakoF116 – 117 2 May 1901 – 22 July 2018
117 years, 81 days
Japan
22 July 20181 year, 147 days Kane TanakaF115 – 116* born 2 January 1903
116 years, 348 days
Japan

Chronological list of the oldest living man since 1973

This table lists the sequence of the world's oldest known living men from 1973 to present, according to GRG research.[36]

From Oldest during… Name Age(s) when
oldest
Lifespan Country of death
or residence
Unknown dateN/A Friedrich Wedeking ? – 110 10 October 1862 – 5 May 1973
110 years, 207 days
Germany
5 May 1973308 days Frederick Butterfield 109 – 110 28 February 1864 – 9 March 1974
110 years, 9 days
United Kingdom
9 March 19743 years, 8 days Jean Teillet 107 – 110 6 November 1866 – 17 March 1977
110 years, 131 days
France
17 March 19771 year, 156 days Charlie Nelson 109 – 110 21 September 1867 – 20 August 1978
110 years, 333 days
United States
20 August 19782 years, 16 days Charlie Phillips 108 – 110 5 May 1870 – 5 September 1980
110 years, 123 days
United States
5 September 19804 years, 164 days Mathew Beard 110 – 114 9 July 1870 – 16 February 1985
114 years, 222 days
United States
16 February 19851 year, 301 days Joe Thomas 109 – 111 1 May 1875 – 14 December 1986
111 years, 227 days
United States
14 December 198622 days Herman Smith-Johannsen 111 15 June 1875 – 5 January 1987
111 years, 204 days
Norway
5 January 19871 year, 325 days Alphaeus Philemon Cole 110 – 112 12 July 1876 – 25 November 1988
112 years, 136 days
United States
25 November 19881 year, 197 days John Evans 111 – 112 19 August 1877 – 10 June 1990
112 years, 295 days
United Kingdom
10 June 19908 days Henri Pérignon 110 14 October 1879 – 18 June 1990
110 years, 247 days
France
18 June 19901 year, 120 days James Wiggins 110 – 112 15 October 1879 – 16 October 1991
112 years, 1 day
United States
16 October 19911 year, 241 days Frederick Frazier 111 – 113 27 January 1880 – 14 June 1993
113 years, 138 days
United States
14 June 1993220 days Josep Armengol Jover 111 – 112 23 July 1881 – 20 January 1994
112 years, 181 days
Spain
20 January 19944 years, 95 days Christian Mortensen 111 – 115 16 August 1882 – 25 April 1998
115 years, 252 days
United States
25 April 199883 days Johnson Parks 113 15 October 1884 – 17 July 1998
113 years, 275 days
United States
17 July 1998161 days Walter Richardson 112 – 113 7 November 1885 – 25 December 1998
113 years, 48 days
United States
25 December 1998125 days Denzo Ishisaki 112 20 October 1886 – 29 April 1999
112 years, 191 days
Japan
29 April 1999200 days Antonio Urrea Hernandez 111 16 February 1888 – 15 November 1999
111 years, 272 days
Spain
15 November 19991 year, 106 days John Painter 111 – 112 20 September 1888 – 1 March 2001
112 years, 162 days
United States
1 March 2001308 days Antonio Todde 112 22 January 1889 – 3 January 2002
112 years, 346 days
Italy
3 January 20021 year, 268 days Yukichi Chuganji 112 – 114 23 March 1889 – 28 September 2003
114 years, 189 days
Japan
28 September 2003159 days Joan Riudavets Moll 113 – 114 15 December 1889 – 5 March 2004
114 years, 81 days
Spain
5 March 2004259 days Fred H. Hale Sr. 113 1 December 1890 – 19 November 2004
113 years, 354 days
United States
19 November 20042 years, 66 days Emiliano Mercado del Toro 113 – 115 21 August 1891 – 24 January 2007
115 years, 156 days
Puerto Rico
24 January 20072 years, 146 days Tomoji Tanabe 111 – 113 18 September 1895 – 19 June 2009
113 years, 274 days
Japan
19 June 200929 days Henry Allingham 113 6 June 1896 – 18 July 2009
113 years, 42 days
United Kingdom
18 July 20091 year, 270 days Walter Breuning 112 – 114 21 September 1896 – 14 April 2011
114 years, 205 days
United States
15 April 2011[lower-alpha 7]2 years, 58 days Jiroemon Kimura 113 – 116 19 April 1897 – 12 June 2013
116 years, 54 days
Japan
11 June 2013[lower-alpha 8]94 days Salustiano Sanchez 112 8 June 1901 – 13 September 2013
112 years, 97 days
United States
13 September 2013223 days Arturo Licata 111 2 May 1902 – 24 April 2014
111 years, 357 days
Italy
24 April 201445 days Alexander Imich 111 4 February 1903 – 8 June 2014
111 years, 124 days
United States[lower-alpha 9]
8 June 20141 year, 27 days Sakari Momoi 111 – 112 5 February 1903 – 5 July 2015
112 years, 150 days
Japan
5 July 2015198 days Yasutaro Koide 112 13 March 1903 – 19 January 2016
112 years, 312 days
Japan
18 January 2016[lower-alpha 10]1 year, 205 days Yisrael Kristal112 – 113 15 September 1903 – 11 August 2017
113 years, 330 days
Israel[lower-alpha 11]
11 August 2017171 days Francisco Núñez Olivera[7] 112 113 13 December 1904 29 January 2018
113 years, 47 days
Spain
30 January 2018[lower-alpha 12]355 days Masazō Nonaka112 113[7] 25 July 1905 20 January 2019
113 years, 179 days
Japan
19 January 2019[lower-alpha 13]276 days Gustav Gerneth[16] 113 – 114 15 October 1905 22 October 2019
114 years, 7 days
Germany[lower-alpha 14]
22 October 201955 days Chitetsu Watanabe[7] 112* 5 March 1907
112 years, 286 days
Japan

Oldest verified person by country

Notes

  1. Bernátková was born and died in a part of it which is now the Czech Republic
  2. Calment's case was disputed in a study posted online in November 2018,[4] and which still is not resolved almost a year later.
  3. Emma Tillman died 28 January 2007 (EST). However, in Fukuoka Prefecture, where Minagawa lived, the date was already 29 January 2007 (JST).
  4. Misao Okawa died 1 April 2015 (JST). However, in Arkansas, where Weaver lived, the date was still 31 March 2015 (Central Time Zone).
  5. Susannah Mushatt Jones died 12 May 2016 8:26pm EDT. However, in Italy, where Morano lived, the date was already 13 May 2016 (CEST).
  6. Violet Brown died on 15 September 2017 in Jamaica (UTC-5). However, in Japan, where Tajima lived, the date was already 16 September 2017 (JST).
  7. Walter Breuning died 14 April 2011 3:30pm (MDT). However, in Kyoto, where Kimura lived, the date was already 15 April 2011 (JST).
  8. Jiroemon Kimura died 12 June 2013 (JST). However, in New York, where Sanchez lived, the date was still 11 June 2013 (Eastern Time Zone).
  9. Imich was born in Częstochowa, then part of the Russian Empire, now in Poland.
  10. Yasutaro Koide died 19 January 2016 12:17 a.m. JST. However, in Israel, where Kristal lived, the date was still 18 January 2016 (IST).
  11. Kristal was born in Maleniec, Końskie County, then part of the Russian Empire, now in Poland.
  12. Francisco Núñez Olivera died 29 January 2018 around 10:30pm CET. However, in Japan, where Nonaka lived, the date was already 30 January 2018 (JST).
  13. Masazō Nonaka died on 20 January 2019 at 1:30am (JST). However, in Germany, where Gerneth lives, the date was still 19 January 2019.
  14. Gerneth was born in Stettin, then part of the German Empire, now in Poland and renamed Szczecin.

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