Off-reservation trust land

Off-reservation trust land refers to real estate outside an Indian reservation that is held by the Interior Department for the benefit of a Native American tribe or a member of a tribe. Typical uses of off-reservation trust land include housing, agriculture or forestry, and community services such as health care and education.[1] The US Census has provided data for trust lands since the 1980 Census.

Under the Indian Gaming Regulatory Act, tribes can purchase off-reservation land and have it placed in trust in order to operate casinos on the land.[2] For example, in 2015 the Spokane tribe won Bureau of Indian Affairs approval for an off-reservation casino. In 2008, the BIA issued guidance that such lands would need to be a "reasonable commute" from the reservation.[3]


  1. "Trust Land Overview". National Conference of State Legislatures. Retrieved 10 July 2015.
  2. Rave, Jode (March 31, 2005). "Native officials, others discuss off-reservation trust lands". San Diego Union-Tribune. Retrieved 10 July 2015.
  3. Foley, Tom. "New BIA policy concerning "off-reservation" gaming lands acquisitions" (PDF). American Bar Association. American Bar Association. Retrieved 10 July 2015.

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