OSV-96 (Russian: ОСВ-96) is a Russian heavy semi-automatic sniper rifle chambered for the 12.7×108mm.

OSV-96 in MAKS-2009
TypeAnti-materiel sniper rifle
Place of originSoviet Union
Service history
In service1990–present
Used bySee Users
WarsSyrian civil war[1]
Production history
DesignerA.G. Shipunov
ManufacturerKBP Instrument Design Bureau
Mass12.9 kg (28 lb) w/o scope
Length1,746 mm (68.7 in)
Barrel length1,000 mm (39 in)

ActionDirect impingement gas-operated, rotating bolt
Rate of firesemi-auto
Muzzle velocity870–910 m/s
Effective firing range2,000 m (2,200 yd)
Feed system5-round detachable box magazine
Sightsvarious mounting sniper sights and back-up iron sights


The rifle is capable of engaging infantry at a distance of up to 1800 meters and can combat material targets at ranges up to 2500 meters. As an effective anti-sniper weapon, OSV-96 keeps the shooter outside of the effective range of conventional calibers providing a distinct advantage over lower caliber rifles. Specialized high-accuracy 12.7×108mm 7N34 59.0 gram FMJ and AP sniper cartridges have been developed for Russian .50-caliber sniper rifles such as this rifle. Large caliber machine gun cartridges can also be used for firing, but with limited accuracy. The OSV-96 folds in half in between the barrel/chamber and receiver compartments to shorten its length for ease of transportation. The rifle features a free-floating barrel in combination with a large muzzle brake to greatly decrease its recoil.


  • V-94 (В-94 «Волга») - Prototype was developed by the KBP (Instrument Design Bureau) in the early 1990s[2]. V-94 was first revealed to the public in 1994. Initial muzzle energy is estimated to be 18860 J, while firing API ammunition (885 gr).[3]
  • OSV-96 (ОСВ-96 «Взломщик») - Developed in 1996-2000, entered service in March 2000. Design utilizes a number of improvements, such as a redesigned stock, muzzle brake, and carrying handle.[4]


See also


  1. "La 104ème brigade de la Garde républicaine syrienne, troupe d'élite et étendard du régime de Damas". France-Soir (in French). 20 March 2017.
  2. 12,7-мм снайперская винтовка В-94 (ОСВ-96) // журнал "Оружие", № 1, 2000. стр.51-52
  3. Сергей Монетчиков. 12,7-мм крупнокалиберная снайперская винтовка В-94 // журнал «Братишка», ноябрь 2003
  4. Сергей Монетчиков. Оружейная мастерская: Оружие российского спецназа, или крупнокалиберные снайперские винтовки // журнал «Братишка», июль 2013
  5. Александр Макаров. Полк высоких технологий. Силы специальных операций // журнал "Спецназ", июль 2011
  6. "Post 26/11, India turns to Russia for small weapons". Retrieved 26 November 2014.
  7. "Syria troops besiege town near Damascus". The Daily Star Newspaper - Lebanon. Retrieved 26 November 2014.
  8. http://defence-blog.com/army/vietnam-unveiled-new-heavy-sniper-rifle-produced-under-licence-from-russia.html
  9. https://www.thefirearmblog.com/blog/2018/11/29/indo-defense-2018-vietnamese-small-arms-part-two-grenade-launchers-galil-aces-and-osv-96s/

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