Nufenen

Nufenen (Italian: Nufena, Romansh: Nueinas) is a former municipality in the Viamala Region in the Swiss canton of Graubünden. On 1 January 2019 the former municipalities of Hinterrhein, Nufenen and Splügen merged to form the new municipality of Rheinwald.

Nufenen

Coat of arms
Location of Nufenen
Nufenen
Nufenen
Coordinates: 46°32′N 9°14′E
CountrySwitzerland
CantonGraubünden
DistrictViamala
Area
  Total28.03 km2 (10.82 sq mi)
Elevation
1,569 m (5,148 ft)
Population
 (2018-12-31)[2]
  Total139
  Density5.0/km2 (13/sq mi)
Postal code
7437
SFOS number3693
Surrounded byHinterrhein, Mesocco, Safien, Splügen, Vals
Websitewww.nufenen.ch
SFSO statistics

History

Nufenen was first mentioned in 1343 as Ovena. In 1633 it was mentioned as Nufena. In Romansh it was known as Nueinas and it used to be known as Novena in Italian.[3]

Geography

Nufenen has an area, as of 2006, of 28.1 km2 (10.8 sq mi). Of this area, 54.9% is used for agricultural purposes, while 14.8% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 0.9% is settled (buildings or roads) and the remainder (29.5%) is non-productive (rivers, glaciers or mountains).[4]

Before 2017, the municipality was located in the Rheinwald sub-district, of the Hinterrhein district, after 2017 it was part of the Viamala Region.[5] It is located on the San Bernardino tunnel road. It consists of the haufendorf (an irregular, unplanned and quite closely packed village, built around a central square) of Nufenen. Until the 18th Century, the village was surrounded by about fifteen farm house groups.

Demographics

Nufenen has a population (as of 31 December 2018) of 139.[6] As of 2008, 4.6% of the population was made up of foreign nationals. Over the last 10 years the population has grown at a rate of 10.2%.[4]

As of 2000, the gender distribution of the population was 55.6% male and 44.4% female.[7] The age distribution, as of 2000, in Nufenen is; 17 people or 13.4% of the population are between 0 and 9 years old. 4 people or 3.1% are 10 to 14, and 6 people or 4.7% are 15 to 19. Of the adult population, 18 people or 14.2% of the population are between 20 and 29 years old. 9 people or 7.1% are 30 to 39, 17 people or 13.4% are 40 to 49, and 25 people or 19.7% are 50 to 59. The senior population distribution is 8 people or 6.3% of the population are between 60 and 69 years old, 15 people or 11.8% are 70 to 79, there are 7 people or 5.5% who are 80 to 89, and there are 1 people or 0.8% who are 90 to 99.[8]

In the 2007 federal election the most popular party was the SVP which received 61.7% of the vote. The next three most popular parties were the SPS (27.5%), the FDP (8.1%) and the CVP (2.3%).[4]

In Nufenen about 71.4% of the population (between age 25-64) have completed either non-mandatory upper secondary education or additional higher education (either university or a Fachhochschule).[4]

Nufenen has an unemployment rate of 0%. As of 2005, there were 43 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 15 businesses involved in this sector. 2 people are employed in the secondary sector and there is 1 business in this sector. 15 people are employed in the tertiary sector, with 3 businesses in this sector.[4]

The historical population is given in the following table:[3]

year population
1781 366
1850 344
1900 206
1950 170
2000 127

Languages

Most of the population (as of 2000) speak German (96.9%), with French being second most common ( 1.6%) and Italian being third ( 0.8%).[4]

Languages in Nufenen
LanguagesCensus 1980Census 1990Census 2000
NumberPercentNumberPercentNumberPercent
German12692.65%11595.04%12396.85%
Romansh42.94%00.00%00.00%
Italian42.94%00.00%10.79%
Population136100%121100%127100%

References

  1. "Arealstatistik Standard - Gemeinden nach 4 Hauptbereichen". Federal Statistical Office. Retrieved 13 January 2019.
  2. "Ständige Wohnbevölkerung nach Staatsangehörigkeitskategorie Geschlecht und Gemeinde; Provisorische Jahresergebnisse; 2018". Federal Statistical Office. 9 April 2019. Retrieved 11 April 2019.
  3. Nufenen in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
  4. Swiss Federal Statistical Office accessed 06-Oct-2009
  5. Swiss Federal Statistical Office - Amtliches Gemeindeverzeichnis der Schweiz - Mutationsmeldungen 2016 accessed 16 February 2017
  6. Swiss Federal Statistical Office - STAT-TAB, online database – Ständige und nichtständige Wohnbevölkerung nach institutionellen Gliederungen, Geburtsort und Staatsangehörigkeit (in German) accessed 23 September 2019
  7. Graubunden in Numbers Archived 2009-09-24 at the Wayback Machine (in German) accessed 21 September 2009
  8. Graubunden Population Statistics Archived 2009-08-27 at the Wayback Machine (in German) accessed 21 September 2009
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