Notre-Dame-des-Anges, Quebec

Notre-Dame-des-Anges is a parish municipality in Quebec, Canada, home of the General Hospital of Quebec.

Location within Quebec TE.
Location in province of Quebec.
Coordinates: 46°49′N 71°14′W[1]
Country Canada
Province Quebec
ConstitutedJuly 1, 1855
  AdministratorSoeur Aline Plante
  Federal ridingQuébec
  Prov. ridingTaschereau
  Total0.04 km2 (0.02 sq mi)
  Land0.04 km2 (0.02 sq mi)
  Density8,548.4/km2 (22,140/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC−5 (EST)
  Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EDT)
Postal code(s)
G1K 5N1
Area code(s)418 and 581
HighwaysNo major routes

Enclaved within the territory of Quebec City, this unusual municipality had a population of 318[3] and measures only 6 hectares (15 acres) in area, making it the smallest incorporated municipal entity in Canada.[5] With a density of 12,206.67/km2 (31,615.1/sq mi) according to Statistics Canada, it is the second densest census subdivision in Canada.[6]

It lacks any governmental structure; there is no mayor but rather an "administrator".[2]


The land near the Saint-Charles River was first possessed as a fief by the Recollect Friars Minor, who built the Friary of St. Charles there around 1620. The Recollects were expelled by the British in 1629.[7] The seigneury then passed to the Jesuits in late 1629, after the return of the friars to France following the capitulation of Quebec to the Kirk brothers by Champlain on 14 September 1629. The property was returned to the Recollects upon their return to New France in 1670, at which time they dedicated their house to Notre-Dame-des-Anges (Our Lady of the Angels), so named for the first community of the Franciscan Order.[1]

In 1692, it was purchased by Jean-Baptiste de Saint-Vallier, Bishop of Quebec, to found a hospital, which he did the subsequent year. In 1722, it was established as a civil parish and in 1855, the parish municipality was officially founded with the goal of protecting its sole occupant, the Hôpital général de Québec, from taxes.[1]


The municipality is situated north of downtown Quebec City, enclaved within the borough of La Cité-Limoilou, bounded by avenue Simon-Napoléon-Parent, rue des Commissaires Ouest, and rue Saint-Anselme.

It is entirely occupied by the Hôpital Général de Québec, including the CLSC Basse-Ville–Limoilou–Vanier, and by the various religious buildings associated with the hospital, including an Augustine monastery, the Église de Notre-Dame-des-Anges (the parish church), and a museum. The hospital is surrounded by a cemetery holding, among others, the remains of General Louis-Joseph de Montcalm.

It is one of two enclaves in Quebec City (along with the Wendake Indian reserve) that was not subject to the municipal mergers in 2002. It is also by far the smallest municipality not included in one of Quebec's Regional County Municipalities.


Historical population

See also


  1. "Notre-Dame-des-Anges (Municipalité de paroisse)". Commission de toponymie du Québec (in French). Retrieved 2010-04-09.
  2. Ministère des Affaires municipales, des Régions et de l'Occupation du territoire - Répertoire des municipalités: Notre-Dame-des-Anges
  3. "Census Profile, 2016 Census: Notre-Dame-des-Anges, Paroisse (municipalité de) [Census subdivision], Quebec". Statistics Canada. Retrieved December 13, 2019.
  4. Statistics Canada 2011 Census - Notre-Dame-des-Anges census profile
  5. Statistics Canada 2011 Census - Population and dwelling counts, for Canada and census subdivisions (by land area)
  6. Statistics Canada 2011 Census - Population and dwelling counts, for Canada and census subdivisions (by population density)
  7. Fortin, Jacques. "Les Récollets Au Québec". Les Récollets au Québec. pp. 4–5. Retrieved 4 February 2015.
  8. Statistics Canada: 1996, 2001, 2006, 2011 census

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