Northwestern Krai

Northwestern Krai (Russian: Северо-Западный край) was an unofficial subdivision (krai) of the Russian Empire in the territories of the former Grand Duchy of Lithuania (present-day Belarus and Lithuania). The center was in Vilna city. Northwestern Krai together with the Southwestern Krai formed the Western Krai.

It included six guberniyas:

See also


  • Шафарик, П.И. Славянское народописание / П.И. Шафарик; пер. с чешского И.Бодянского. — М. : Университетская типография, 1843. — 182 с.
  • Ширяев, Е.Е. Беларусь: Русь Белая, Русь Черная и Литва в картах / Е.Е. Ширяев. — Минск : Навука і тэхніка, 1991. — 119 с.
  • Rodkiewicz, W. Russian Nationality Policy in the Western Provinces of the Empire (1863—1905) / W. Rodkiewicz. — Lublin: Scientific Society of Lublin, 1998. — 257 s.
  • Staliunas, Darius. Making Russians. Meaning and Practice of Russification in Lithuania and Belarus after 1863 / D. Staliunas. — Amsterdam—New York : Rodopi, 2007. — 465 s.
  • Szpoper, Dariusz. Sukcesorzy Wielkiego Księstwa. Myśl polityczna i działalność konserwatystów polskich na ziemiach litewsko-białoruskich w latach 1904—1939 / D. Szpoper. — Gdańsk : Arche, 1999. — 357 s.
  • Weeks, T.R. Nation and State in Late Imperial Russia. Nationalism and Russification on the Western Frontier, 1863—1914 / T.R. Weeks. — DeKalb: Northern Illinois University Press, 1996.

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