Northern West Riding of Yorkshire (UK Parliament constituency)
Northern West Riding of Yorkshire was a parliamentary constituency covering part of the historic West Riding of Yorkshire. It returned two Members of Parliament (MPs) to the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom, elected by the bloc vote system.
|Northern West Riding of Yorkshire|
|Former County constituency|
for the House of Commons
|County||West Riding of Yorkshire|
|Number of members||Two|
|Replaced by||Elland, Keighley, Shipley, Skipton and Sowerby|
|Created from||West Riding of Yorkshire|
The constituency was created when the two-member West Riding of Yorkshire constituency was divided for the 1865 general election into two new constituencies, each returning two members: Northern West Riding of Yorkshire and Southern West Riding of Yorkshire. The extra seats were taken from parliamentary boroughs which had been disenfranchised for corruption.
In the redistribution which took effect for the 1868 general election the two divisions were redistributed into three. Eastern West Riding of Yorkshire was created and the Northern and Southern divisions modified. Each of the three divisions returned two members.
All three were abolished by the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885 for the 1885 general election. The Northern division was replaced by five new single-member constituencies: Elland, Keighley, Shipley, Skipton and Sowerby.
The place of election was initially at Leeds (1861 Act), later at Bradford (1868 Act).
From 1865 to 1868 the constituency comprised the north half of the West Riding of Yorkshire. The Birkenhead Enfranchisement Act 1861 provided that it was to contain the wapentakes of Staincliffe and Ewecross, Claro, Skyrack, and Morley.
The Boundary Act 1868 again re-defined the constituency as the wapentake of Staincliffe and Ewcross with part of the wapentake of Morley (the parishes of Bradford and Halifax and the townships of Boston and Idle).
Members of Parliament
|Election||1st member||1st party||2nd member||2nd party|
|1865||Sir Francis Crossley||Liberal||Lord Frederick Cavendish||Liberal|
|1874||Sir Mathew Wilson, Bt||Liberal|
|1885||constituency abolished: see Elland, Keighley, Shipley, Skipton and Sowerby|
Elections in the 1860s
|Liberal win (new seat)|
|Liberal win (new seat)|
Elections in the 1870s
Crossley's death caused a by-election.
|Conservative gain from Liberal||Swing||N/A|
Cavendish was appointed a Lord Commissioner of the Treasury, requiring a by-election.
|Turnout||16,412 (est)||81.5 (est)||N/A|
Elections in the 1880s
|Turnout||17,893 (est)||81.9 (est)||+0.4|
Cavendish was appointed Chief Secretary to the Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, causing a by-election. However on 6 May 1882, just hours after taking the oath for the position, Cavendish was assassinated in Dublin in the Phoenix Park Murders.
- Birkenhead Enfranchisement Act 1861 (c.112), section 1.
- Craig, F. W. S., ed. (1977). British Parliamentary Election Results 1832-1885 (e-book)
|url=(help) (1st ed.). London: Macmillan Press. p. 493. ISBN 978-1-349-02349-3.
- "To the Electors of the Northern Division of the West Riding of Yorkshire". Todmorden & District News. 6 February 1874. pp. 3–4. Retrieved 24 January 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- "Representation of Yorkshire". Yorkshire Post and Leeds Intelligencer. 10 May 1882. p. 4. Retrieved 24 December 2017 – via British Newspaper Archive.