Northern Line (Sydney)
The Northern Line (numbered T9, coloured red) is a commuter rail line operated by Sydney Trains in Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. It serves Sydney's Northern Suburbs and North Shore. It was spun off from the old T1 North Shore, Northern & Western Line as a separate line in April 2019, to distinguish and make it more easily identified from the other T1 services. It is also a reincarnation of the older Northern Line which was under operation until 2013.
|Service type||Commuter rail service|
|Current operator(s)||Sydney Trains|
|Rolling stock||T, H, A and B sets|
Original incarnation (until 2013)
The traditional Northern Line was the suburban portion of the Main North railway line (Strathfield - Hornsby) which opened in 1886 and was electrified in 1926. When the Sydney Harbour Bridge was opened, it connected railway services from the Main North line and the City underground onto the North Shore line.
Passenger services used to operate as the Main North Line (same name as the physical railway line) and was colour coded red on railway maps. It operated all the way to Cowan, until the service was truncated to Berowra in January 1992. The service, along with the North Shore Line service (yellow), later also ran along the North Shore railway line towards the City via the Harbour Bridge, forming a continuous loop via Strathfield, Epping and back to Hornsby.
In later years, the line operated as the Northern Line and ran from Hornsby to North Sydney via Strathfield and the City, with the North Shore line replacing services between Hornsby and Berowra. In February 2009, the Epping to Chatswood rail link was opened. In October 2009, the Northern Line service was integrated with the shuttle service between Epping and Chatswood. As a result, the traditional Northern Line was split in two, with trains from north of Epping operating via the new link, approaching the city via the North Shore Line and rejoining the traditional route before terminating at Epping.
Part of T1 (2013 to 2019)
In October 2013, the Northern Line, North Shore Line and Western line were merged to form the T1 North Shore, Northern & Western Line, which was colour coded yellow.
On weekdays, trains from the upper Northern Line (Hornsby via Macquarie University) joined up with the Western Line trains towards Richmond or Emu Plains, while trains from the lower Northern Line (Epping via Strathfield) joined up with the North Shore Line trains towards Hornsby or Berowra. On weekends, trains ran similar to prior to merger, where the lower Northern Line trains from Epping continue onto the upper Northern Line trains at Chatswood into Hornsby via Macquarie University.
In September 2018, the Epping to Chatswood line closed in order to be converted to metro standards as part of the Sydney Metro Northwest project. As a result, the traditional Northern line branch from Hornsby to Central via Strathfield was reinstated.
Reincarnation (since 2019)
On 28 April 2019, as part of the integration with the Sydney Metro Northwest, the Northern Line branch was spun off from the T1 Line and became a separate T9 Northern Line. The new line runs from Berowra, Hornsby, Epping, Strathfield, Central, Chatswood and terminates at Gordon. The separated line runs a similar route to the pre-2009 incarnation of the line, with an extension into Gordon. It is also similarly colour coded red.
The line begins at Hornsby - a junction station with the North Shore Line. The line heads south to Strathfield via Epping using the Main North Line, crossing the Parramatta River between Rhodes and Meadowbank. At Strathfield, trains usually head onto a flyover over the 'Main lines', before heading east onto the Main Suburban Railway, usually using the middle 'Suburban' pair of the six tracks between Redfern and Strathfield. Trains pass through Redfern and Central, then through the western limb of the City Circle before heading across the Harbour Bridge. Then trains continue north along the North Shore before terminating at Gordon.
||Railway line||Serving suburbs||Other lines|
|Gordon||17.1 km||1890||North Shore||Gordon|
|Killara||15.9 km||1899||Killara, East Killara|
|Lindfield||14.6 km||1890||Lindfield, East Lindfield|
|St Leonards||8.4 km||1890||St Leonards, Naremburn,
Crows Nest, Greenwich, Artarmon
|Wollstonecraft||7.2 km||1893||Wollstonecraft, Greenwich|
|North Sydney||5.1 km||1932||North Sydney|
|Milsons Point||4.4 km||1932||Milsons Point, Kirribilli|
|Wynyard||2.1 km||1932||Sydney CBD, Barangaroo|
|Town Hall||1.2 km||1932||Sydney CBD|
|Central||0 km||1855||Haymarket, Chippendale,
Ultimo, Surry Hills
|Redfern||1.3 km||1878||Main Suburban||Redfern, Waterloo,
(T8 peak hours only)
|Strathfield||11.8 km||1876||Strathfield, Burwood|
|North Strathfield||13.4 km||1918||Main North||North Strathfield, Concord West,
|Concord West||14.5 km||1887||Concord West, Liberty Grove|
|Rhodes||16.6 km||1886||Rhodes, Liberty Grove|
West Ryde, Ryde
|West Ryde||19.2 km||1886||West Ryde, Denistone|
|Denistone||20.2 km||1937||Denistone, Denistone East,|
Denistone West, West Ryde
|Pennant Hills||30 km||1886||Pennant Hills|
|Thornleigh||30.8 km||1886||Thornleigh, Pennant Hills, Westleigh|
|Normanhurst||33.1 km||1895||Normanhurst, Thornleigh, Hornsby|
|Hornsby||35.3 km||1886||Hornsby, Waitara|
The following table shows the patronage of Sydney Trains network for the year ending 30 June 2019.
|116 553 000|
|19 389 000|
|4 600 000|
|58 917 000|
|30 578 000|
|69 575 000|
|7 738 000|
|1 802 000|
|46 346 000|
|†||5 018 000|
- Figures based on Opal tap on and tap off data.
§= T1 between Chatswood and Epping via Macquarie Park was replaced by Station Link bus services between September 2018 and May 2019
†= T1 North Shore, Northern & Western Line was split into the T1 North Shore & Western Line and T9 Northern Line in April 2019
- "Main North Line". NSWrail.net. Retrieved 29 April 2019.
- "Historical Map: Sydney Rail Network, Early 1980s". Transit Maps. 5 July 2014. Retrieved 29 April 2019.
- "CityRail launches new timetable" Railway Digest February 1992 page 45
- "Historical Map: Sydney CityRail Network Map, 1992". Transit Maps. 3 May 2012. Retrieved 29 April 2019.
- "Station Link bus services to connect customers during Metro upgrade". NSW Transport Info. 7 April 2018. Archived from the original on 8 April 2018.
- "Service Adjustments 2019". Transport Info NSW. 12 April 2019. Archived from the original on 13 April 2019. Retrieved 15 April 2019.
- "A new red line through Sydney's rail map". Sydney Morning Herald. 21 February 2019. Retrieved 13 March 2019.
- "NSW Rail.net North Shore line". Retrieved 3 July 2007.
- "NSW Rail.net City Circle". Retrieved 3 July 2007.
- "NSW Rail.net Main South line". Retrieved 3 July 2007.
- "Train Patronage - Monthly Figures". Transport for NSW. Retrieved 16 October 2019.
- The Short North Singleton, C.C. Australian Railway Historical Society Bulletin, March to June 1965
- Sydney Trains North Shore, Northern & Western Line timetables Transport for NSW
- Western Fastrail
- Neety's Train Page - information on suburban stations.
- New South Wales Railways - historical information on suburban stations.
- New South Wales Transport Information
- Australian Railmaps - information & maps of train services & stopping patterns.
- Transport Infrastructure Development Corporation project website