Northern Command (India)

The Northern Command is a Command of the Indian Army. It was originally formed as a formation of the British Indian Army in 1895, scrapped upon India's independence in 1947 and later reformed in 1972. Its present commander is Lieutenant General Ranbir Singh.[1]

Northern Command
Northern Command's insignia today
Active1908–1947
1972 – present
Country India
Branch Indian Army
TypeCommand
Garrison/HQUdhampur
Commanders
Current
commander
Lt Gen Ranbir Singh, AVSM**, YSM, SM
Notable
commanders
General Sundararajan Padmanabhan
General Deepak Kapoor

History

The Presidency armies were abolished with effect from 1 April 1895 when the three Presidency armies became the Indian Army.[2] The Indian Army was divided into four Commands (Bengal Command, Bombay Command, Madras Command and Punjab Command) each under a lieutenant general.[2]

In 1908, the four commands were merged into two Armies (Northern Army and Southern Army): this system persisted until 1920 when the arrangement reverted to four commands again (Eastern Command, Northern Command, Southern Command and Western Command).[2] Northern Command was re-formed again as North Western Army in April 1942 to guard the North West Frontier. It controlled the Kohat, Peshawar, Rawalpindi, Baluchistan and Waziristan Districts.[3] The former Western Command, was absorbed by the new North Western Army at that time.[4] The formation reverted to the title Northern Command in November 1945.[5] In 1947 Headquarters Northern Command became the new headquarters of the Pakistan Army. General Sir Frank Messervy continued to serve as Chief of Staff of the Pakistan Army from 1947 to 1948.[6]

Composition 1942–45

The composition was:

Commanders prior to Independence

Commanders included:[7]
General Officer Commanding-in-Chief Punjab Command

General Officer Commanding-in-Chief Northern Army

General Officer Commanding-in-Chief Northern Command

General Officer Commanding-in-Chief North Western Army

General Officer Commanding-in-Chief Northern Command

Re-raising

The Government of India decided to raise a separate command to oversee operations in the northern borders with Pakistan and China. Lt Gen Premindra Singh Bhagat, VC was appointed as the first Army Commander in June 1972. Bhagat's main activities as Army Commander were the improvement of defences and the living and working condition of his troops.[8] Headquarters for the command was established at Udhampur, J&K.[9]

The XIV Corps (Leh), XV Corps (Srinagar)and XVI Corps (Nagrota) control the operational units in Northern Command. 71 Independent Sub Area is part of the Command. III Corps and its 57th Mountain Division were shifted into the command as a reserve for Operation Parakram in 2001–2002.[9]

List of Commanders

Rank Name Appointment Date Left Office Unit of Commission References
Lieutenant General P S Bhagat June 1972 Bombay Sappers [8]
Lieutenant General Sundararajan Padmanabhan 1 September 1996 31 December 1998 Regiment of Artillery [10]
Lieutenant General H M Khanna 1 January 1998 31 January 2001 Gorkha Rifles [11]
Lieutenant General R K Nanavatty 1 February 2001 31 May 2003 8 Gorkha Rifles [12]
Lieutenant General Hari Prasad 1 June 2003 31 July 2005 Maratha Light Infantry [13]
Lieutenant General Deepak Kapoor 1 September 2005 30 December 2006 Regiment of Artillery [14][15]
Lieutenant General H S Panag 1 January 2006 29 February 2008 18 Mechanised Infantry [16]
Lieutenant General P C Bhardwaj 1 March 2008 30 September 2009 1 Parachute Regiment [17]
Lieutenant General B S Jaswal 1 October 2009 31 December 2010 3 Jammu and Kashmir Rifles [18][19]
Lieutenant General K T Parnaik 1 January 2011 30 June 2013 2 Rajputana Rifles [20]
Lieutenant General Sanjiv Chachra 1 July 2013 31 May 2014 17 Rajput Regiment [21]
Lieutenant General D S Hooda 1 June 2014 30 November 2016 4 Gorkha Rifles [22]
Lieutenant General Devraj Anbu 1 December 2016 31 May 2018 Sikh Light Infantry [23]
Lieutenant General Ranbir Singh 1 June 2018 Incumbent Dogra Regiment [24]

References

  1. "'Face of Indian Army' Lt Gen Ranbir Singh appointed Northern Army Commander". The Week. Retrieved 1 June 2018.
  2. "Northern Army". Archived from the original on 3 March 2016. Retrieved 4 January 2010.
  3. "North Western Army". Order of Battle. Retrieved 14 October 2009.
  4. "British Military History". British Military History. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 1 June 2013.
  5. Major General Cecil Watton Toovey CB, CBE, MC Archived 11 September 2011 at the Wayback Machine
  6. Ammentorp, Steen. "Generals of World War II". Archived from the original on 15 December 2013. Retrieved 2 June 2013.
  7. Army Commands Archived 5 July 2015 at the Wayback Machine
  8. Singh, V.K. Leadership in the Indian army: biographies of twelve soldiers (Illustrated ed.). New Delhi: Sage. p. 417. ISBN 978-0-7619-3322-9. Archived from the original on 9 October 2017. Retrieved 10 August 2010.
  9. Renaldi and Rikhye 2011, p. 21
  10. "rediff.com: Lt Gen Sundararajan Padmanabhan to be next army chief". www.rediff.com. Archived from the original on 24 October 2017. Retrieved 24 October 2017.
  11. "The Commanders Who Failed". Outlook India. Archived from the original on 24 October 2017. Retrieved 24 October 2017.
  12. "Lt Gen Nanavatty takes over as GOCC, northern command". Zee News. 1 February 2001. Archived from the original on 24 October 2017. Retrieved 24 October 2017.
  13. "Lt Gen Hari Prasad new GoC-in-C, Northern Command". www.rediff.com. Archived from the original on 24 October 2017. Retrieved 24 October 2017.
  14. "Lt Gen Kapoor to be new VCOAS; Panag, Jamwal to head N, E Cmds". www.oneindia.com. Archived from the original on 23 October 2017. Retrieved 24 October 2017.
  15. "The Tribune, Chandigarh, India – Main News". www.tribuneindia.com. Archived from the original on 8 November 2005. Retrieved 24 October 2017.
  16. "Senior Appointments : Army". pib.nic.in. Archived from the original on 24 October 2017. Retrieved 24 October 2017.
  17. "Lt Gen PC Bhardwaj, takes over as Vice Army Chief". pib.nic.in. Archived from the original on 24 October 2017. Retrieved 24 October 2017.
  18. "Northern Command bid Farewell to Lt Gen BS Jaswal, general officer commanding- in chief – Ground Report". www.groundreport.com. Archived from the original on 24 October 2017. Retrieved 24 October 2017.
  19. "Lt Gen B S Jaswal takes charge of Northern Command today – Indian Express". archive.indianexpress.com. Archived from the original on 10 November 2016. Retrieved 24 October 2017.
  20. "Lieutenant General KT Parnaik,takes over as the GOC-in -C, Northern Command – Ground Report". www.groundreport.com. Archived from the original on 24 October 2017. Retrieved 24 October 2017.
  21. "Lt Gen Chachra takes over as Army's Northern Command chief". The Economic Times. 1 July 2013. Archived from the original on 24 October 2017. Retrieved 24 October 2017.
  22. "Lt Gen Hooda takes over as Northern Command Chief". Firstpost. 2 June 2014. Archived from the original on 24 October 2017. Retrieved 24 October 2017.
  23. "Lt Gen Devraj Anbu takes over as chief of Army's Northern command". The Indian Express. 1 December 2016. Archived from the original on 24 October 2017. Retrieved 24 October 2017.
  24. "'Face of Indian Army' Lt Gen Ranbir Singh appointed Northern Army Commander". The Week. Retrieved 1 June 2018.

Sources

  • Rinaldi, Richard; Rikhye, Ravi (2011). Indian Army Order of Battle. General Data. ISBN 978-0982054178.

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