North Shore & Western Line
The North Shore & Western Line (numbered T1, coloured yellow) is a commuter rail line operated by Sydney Trains in Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. It serves the North Shore, parts of the Inner West and Western Suburbs.
|Service type||Commuter rail service|
|Current operator(s)||Sydney Trains|
|Annual ridership||142 853 000 (2017-18)|
|Rolling stock||T, H and A sets|
It was previously the North Shore, Northern & Western Line (also numbered T1) until April 2019, when the T9 Northern Line was spun off from the original T1 line.
Following victory in the 2011 New South Wales election, the O'Farrell Government embarked on reform of transport in New South Wales. In November 2011, Transport for NSW was created to improve planning and coordination of transport projects and services. The organisation developed a new rail timetable and branding, which was put into effect on 20 October 2013. This saw the merger of the North Shore Line and Western Line (🌍 ) with the Northern Line (🌍 ) to form the North Shore, Northern & Western Line. A new numbering system was also introduced and the line was given the number T1.
The North Shore, Northern & Western Line formerly ran along the Epping to Chatswood line until it closed in September 2018 to be converted to metro standards as part of the Sydney Metro Northwest project. As a result, the traditional Northern line route from Hornsby to Central via Strathfield was reinstated. The closed section was replaced by Station Link bus services until it reopened as metro. On 28 April 2019, this route became a separate T9 Northern Line, with the T1 renamed the North Shore & Western Line.
Railway line history
The T1 uses a number of different railway lines and is the result of various schemes to link the lines together. The line is centred around the Main Suburban railway line which runs from Central to Granville, which continues as the Main Western line at Granville. The Richmond railway line branches from the Main Western line at Blacktown.
Main Western and Richmond railway lines
The Main Western railway line opened to Penrith in 1863 as a branch from the junction with the Main South line at Granville. Electrification reached Parramatta in 1928 and Penrith in 1955.
A branch line was opened to Richmond in 1864 under the stewardship of engineer James Moore. Electrification from Riverstone to Richmond opened in August 1991. Through running to and from Sydney commenced in 1992.
North Shore railway line
The North Shore railway line was opened on 1 January 1890 between Hornsby and St Leonards. The line was extended to the Sydney Harbour foreshore at Milsons Point in 1893. Transport between this original Milsons Point station and central Sydney was by ferry boat. The line was electrified in 1927.
When the Sydney Harbour Bridge was opened in 1932 a new Milsons Point station (on the bridge approach) came into operation and the North Shore Line was extended through it and over the Sydney Harbour Bridge to link with the underground lines of central Sydney. The result is that the two ends of the North Shore Line link to the Sydney railway system at Central and Hornsby.
The route passes through a number of business districts and major centres, namely Hornsby, Chatswood, North Sydney, the Central Business District, Parramatta, Blacktown and Penrith.
The line heads south from Berowra to Hornsby to using the Main North Line. Trains then divert on to the North Shore Line, eventually passing through North Sydney station before heading across the Sydney Harbour Bridge, through the western limb of the City Circle and the stations of Central and Redfern. Services then run along the Main Suburban Railway, usually using the middle 'Suburban' pair of the six tracks between Redfern and Strathfield. Services do not stop at intermediate stations between Redfern and Strathfield.
Services continue west from Strathfield to Granville where trains join the Main Western Line. After passing through Parramatta, trains reach Blacktown, where the line divides in two. A western branch continues along the Main Western Line as far as Emu Plains and a north-western branch heads to Richmond using the Richmond Line.
||Railway line||Serving suburbs||Other lines|
|Berowra||44.7 km||1887||Main North||Berowra||none|
|Mount Kuring-gai||40.7 km||1901||Mount Kuring-gai|
|Mount Colah||37.7 km||1887||Mount Colah|
|Asquith||35.7 km||1915||Asquith, Hornsby Heights|
|Hornsby||33.9 km||1886||North Shore||Hornsby, Waitara|
|Warrawee||21.9 km||1900||Warrawee, Wahroonga|
|Turramurra||20.8 km||1890||Turramurra, North Turrmarra, South Turramurra|
|Killara||15.9 km||1899||Killara, East Killara|
|Lindfield||14.6 km||1890||Lindfield, East Lindfield|
|St Leonards||8.4 km||1890||St Leonards, Naremburn,
Crows Nest, Greenwich, Artarmon
|Wollstonecraft||7.2 km||1893||Wollstonecraft, Greenwich|
|North Sydney||5.1 km||1932||North Sydney|
|Milsons Point||4.4 km||1932||Milsons Point, Kirribilli|
|Wynyard||2.1 km||1932||Sydney CBD, Barangaroo|
|Town Hall||1.2 km||1932||Sydney CBD|
|Central||0 km||1855||Haymarket, Chippendale,
Ultimo, Surry Hills
|Redfern||1.3 km||1878||Main Suburban||Redfern, Waterloo,
(T8 peak hours only)
|Strathfield||11.8 km||1876||Strathfield, Burwood|
(Only during weekends)
(Only during weekends)
|20.6 km||1882||Clyde, Granville|
(Only during weekends)
(Only during weekends)
|22.6 km||After 1883||Main Western||Harris Park|
|Pendle Hill||28.3 km||1924||Pendle Hill|
|Seven Hills||32.1 km||1863||Seven Hills|
|Blacktown||34.8 km||1860||Main Western
|At Blacktown, the line branches. The western branch is towards Emu Plains, and the northwestern branch is towards Richmond.|
|To Emu Plains|
|Doonside||38.6 km||1880||Main Western||Doonside||none|
|Rooty Hill||40.9 km||1861||Rooty Hill|
|Mount Druitt||43.3 km||1881||Mount Druitt|
|St Marys||47.4 km||1862||St Marys, Dunheved|
|Emu Plains||57.4 km||1868||Emu Plains, Emu Heights|
|Quakers Hill||40.1 km||1872||Quakers Hill|
|East Richmond||60.0 km||1939||Richmond|
|Richmond||60.7 km||1864||Richmond, North Richmond|
The following table shows the patronage of Sydney Trains network for the year ending 30 June 2019.
|116 553 000|
|19 389 000|
|4 600 000|
|58 917 000|
|30 578 000|
|69 575 000|
|7 738 000|
|1 802 000|
|46 346 000|
|†||5 018 000|
- Figures based on Opal tap on and tap off data.
§= T1 between Chatswood and Epping via Macquarie Park was replaced by Station Link bus services between September 2018 and May 2019
†= T1 North Shore, Northern & Western Line was split into the T1 North Shore & Western Line and T9 Northern Line in April 2019
- "Service Adjustments 2019". Transport Info NSW. 12 April 2019. Archived from the original on 13 April 2019. Retrieved 15 April 2019.
- Station Link bus services to connect customers during Metro upgrade NSW Transport Info
- "A new red line through Sydney's rail map". Sydney Morning Herald. 21 February 2019. Retrieved 13 March 2019.
- "Main West Line". Nswrail.net. Retrieved 3 January 2007.
- "Cheers for rail plan, now let's get it moving". Sydney Morning Herald. 10 June 2005. Retrieved 3 January 2007.
- "The Times Oct 1998". AATC. Retrieved 3 January 2007.
- "Main North Line". NSWrail.net. Retrieved 29 April 2019.
- "NSW Rail.net Main North line". Retrieved 3 July 2007.
- "NSW Rail.net North Shore line". Retrieved 3 July 2007.
- "NSW Rail.net City Circle". Retrieved 3 July 2007.
- "NSW Rail.net Main South line". Retrieved 3 July 2007.
- "Train Patronage - Monthly Figures". Transport for NSW. Retrieved 16 October 2019.
- Sydney Trains North Shore, Northern & Western Line timetables Transport for NSW
- Western Fastrail
- Neety's Train Page - information on suburban stations.
- New South Wales Railways - historical information on suburban stations.
- New South Wales Transport Information
- Australian Railmaps - information & maps of train services & stopping patterns.
- Transport Infrastructure Development Corporation project website