North Devon Militia

The North Devon Militia was a regiment of militia formed in 1763 from men resident in the north part of the county of Devon, England. In 1853, along with the other Militia Regiments in Devon, it was reorganised becoming the Devon Artillery Militia which was disbanded in 1909.[1]

North Devon Militia
Devon Artillery Militia
Active1763–1909
Country Kingdom of Great Britain (1759–1800)
 United Kingdom (1801–1881)
Branch British Army
TypeInfantry
Artillery
Garrison/HQDevonport, Plymouth (after 1853)

History

One of the Ordinances and Acts of the Parliament of England, 1642–60 was the Ordinance to settle the Militia of Devon (7 June 1648). According to "Herber": "The Militia Act of 1757 established militia regiments for each county and required each parish to provide a number of able-bodied men, aged between 18 and 50 (reduced to 45 in 1762) for military training...Militia regiments served in Britain or Ireland but not overseas. Men had to serve for three years (for five years after 1786). In peacetime the men spent just a few weeks at a military camp... During the French wars of 1793-1815, some other auxiliary troops, known as yeomanry (which were cavalry), volunteers or fencible infantry or cavalry were raised in each county".[2] From 1759-63 it was stationed in Cornwall to assist Revenue Officers in the suppression of smuggling.[1] Detachments were stationed at Mevagissey, Padstow and many other places.

In May 1853 the Militia was reorganised with Devon raising two regiments of Infantry at 1,000 men each and a Corps of Artillery of 367 men.[3] As a result the East and South Devon Regiments of Militia were redesignated the 1st and 2nd Regiments of Militia. Most of the officers transferred to the Corps of Artillery which was designated The Devon Artillery Militia and had its headquarters at Devonport. In 1853 the records of the disbanded regiment were destroyed,[4] thus few records survive from which its history could be written.

The unit was embodied during the Crimean War (1855-6), in 1885 and during the South African War (1900) but never served overseas. It was transferred to the Special Reserve Royal Field Artillery in 1908 on the formation of the Territorial Force and disbanded the following year.

List of officers

Colonels

The following persons were Colonel of the North Devon Militia:[5]

Lieutenant Colonels

The following persons were Lieutenant Colonel of the North Devon Militia:

Captains

Captains in the North Devon Militia included:

  • Charles Henry Webber (1810-1883) of Buckland House, Braunton, JP for Devon and also Lieutenant in the North Devon Yeomanry Cavalry.

Devon Militia

Colonels of the "Devon Militia" included:

References

  1. Walrond, p.423
  2. http://genuki.cs.ncl.ac.uk/DEV/DevonMisc/MilitiaLists/
    • Litchfield, Norman E H, 1987. The Militia Artillery 1852-1909, The Sherwood Press, Nottingham, p.66
  3. Walrond, pp.333,423
  4. Walrond, p.426
  5. Dates of life per Lauder, Rosemary, Devon Families, Tiverton, 2002, p.146
  6. In 1830 listed as one of the subscribers to Gribble, Joseph Besly, Memorials of Barnstaple: Being an Attempt to Supply the Want of A History of that Ancient Borough, Barnstaple, 1830, as "Colonel Commandant of the North Devon Regiment of Militia" (Gribble established the "Barnstaple Iron Foundry" in 1822 (p.546))
  7. Burke, Sir Bernard, Genealogical and Heraldic History of the Landed Gentry of Great Britain, Vol.I, London, 1871, p.605, pedigree of "Seale-Hayne of Fuge House and Kingswear Castle"
  8. Burke, 1871, p.605
  9. Per inscription on his monument in Westleigh Church
  10. Batty-Smith, Nigel. "John Dyke Acland Of Pixton". West Country Genealogy, Heraldry, and History. Archived from the original on 1 December 2005. Retrieved 22 March 2006.
  11. Vivian, Lt.Col. J.L., (Ed.) The Visitations of the County of Devon: Comprising the Heralds' Visitations of 1531, 1564 & 1620, Exeter, 1895, p.5, pedigree of Acland

Bibliography

External sources

See also

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