North China Transportation Company

The North China Transportation Company (華北交通株式会社, Japanese: Kahoku Kōtsū kabushiki gaisha, Chinese: Huáběi Jiāotōng Zhūshì Huìshè) was a transportation company in the territory of the collaborationist Provisional Government of the Republic of China during the Japanese occupation.

North China Transportation Company
Native name
華北交通株式会社
Japanese Hepburn: Kahoku Kōtsū kabushiki gaisha
Chinese pinyin: Huáběi Jiāotōng Zhūshì Huìshè
Private KK
IndustryRailway, Transportation
Founded1938
Defunct1945
Headquarters,
Area served
east-central China
ServicesRailway transport, Bus transport
Total equity50 million yen
Number of employees
110,000
ParentSouth Manchuria Railway

History

After Japan occupied a large part of northern China during the Sino-Japanese War, it set up a puppet government known as the Provisional Government of the Republic of China. In 1938, the Provisional Government nationalised the various railway and bus companies in its jurisdiction, after which the South Manchuria Railway set up a subsidiary, called the North China Transportation Company, to operate the railways and bus services within the Provisional Government's territory. With its headquarters in Beijing, the NCTC at its peak employed 110,000 people, of which 70% were Chinese. The company was liquidated in 1945 following Japan's defeat in the Pacific War, and the railways were taken over by the China Railway.

Amongst the railway companies that were nationalised were:

Routes

Rolling Stock

Locomotives of the North China Transportation Company used the same classification system used by the South Manchuria Railway between 1938 and 1945.

Locomotives

Standard gauge

ClassNumbersOriginal ownerOriginal
class & numbers
Wheel
arr.
BuilderTotal
in class
Year builtImageNotes
アメニ
Ameni
1501−1506~Beining RailwayClass 40: 41−46~4-4-0Baldwin>61879[1]
ダブサ
Dabusa
1501−1504Jingsui Railway?2-6-4TBaldwin41906[2]
ダブシ
Dabushi
1501−1504~Jingsui RailwayClass 20: 21−24~2-6-4STDübs and Company>41892[3]
デカサ
Dekasa
1501−1507Longhai RailwayClass 600: 601−6072-10-0Shahekou, Kisha Seizō71937[4]
エトサ
Etosa
1501−Jiaoji Railway?0-8-0Japan[5]
エトシ
Etoshi
1501−Jiaoji Railway0-8-0Henschel?1905[6]
ホネイ
Honei
1501−1508~Jiaoji RailwayClass 10: 11−18~0-6-2TBorsig>81900Forney locomotive.[7]
ホネニ
Honeni
1501−1507~Beining RailwayClass 47: 47−53~0-6-2TBaldwin>71897Forney locomotive.[8]
マレイ
Marei
1501−1504Jingsui RailwayClass 20: 21−240-6-6-0North British41908[9]
マレニ
Mareni
1501−1504Jingsui RailwayClass 70: 71−742-4-4-2Baldwin41911[10]
マレサ
Maresa
1501−1507Jingsui RailwayClass 90: 91−972-8-8-2ALCo71914Superheated.[11]
マレシ
Mareshi
1501−1507Jingsui RailwayClass 200: 201−2072-8-8-2ALCo71921Largest steam locomotives exported from the United States; used on Badaling slope.[12][13]
ミカイ
Mikai
1501−1520Manchukuo Nationalミカナ16718−16736, 167392-8-2Kisha Seizō, Nippon Sharyō, Hitachi, Kawasaki, Sifang2701938"New National Big Mika" (新國大ミカ). First 20 transferred from Manchukuo National Railway.[14]
1521−1769new for NCTC--1939−1945"New National Big Mika" (新國大ミカ). New for NCTC.
ミカコ
Mikako
incl. 1572Jichang Railway?2-8-2Kawasaki?1923−1928Transferred from Manchukuo National.[15]
ミカロ
Mikaro
1501−1505Manchukuo Nationalミカロ640–6442-8-2Kisha Seizō, others1201938−1944First five transferred from Manchukuo National in 1938.[14]
1506−1620new for NCTC--72 of the 115 new for NCTC were built by Kisha Seizō in 1938-1939 and 1943-1944.
ミカナ
Mikana
1501−1524Jingfeng Railway201−2242-8-2North British, Tangshan Arsenal21+1913−1924Built by North British, assembled by Tangshan.[9]
1541−1590Jinpu RailwayMK xxx2-8-2ALCo501918−1920, 19xx[16]
1601−1646Jingsui RailwayClass 300: 301−3462-8-2ALCo461922[16]
1651−1654~Jiaoji RailwayClass 600: 601−6042-8-2Hudswell Clarke, Shahekou>41931[16]
ミカハ
Mikaha
1501−1545new for NCTC--2-8-2Škoda451939[17]
モガイ
Mogai
1501−1508Beining RailwayClass 140: 141−1482-8-2North British/Tangshan81903−1908[9]
1511−1532Class 150: 151−172221914−1916[9]
モガニ
Mogani
1501−1512Beining RailwayClass 60: 61−722-6-0Baldwin121897−1899[18]
1521−1526Jinghan Railway?Rogers61900−1903[9]
モガサ
Mogasa
1501−1533Beining RailwayClass 90: 91−1232-6-0Dübs/North British/Tangshan331900–1903[9][19]
モガシ
Mogashi
1501−1510Jingsui RailwayClass 10: 10−192-8-2North British/Tangshan101908−1909Built by North British, assembled by Tangshan.[9]
1511−1538Jinpu Railway?Baldwin281909[9]
1541−1552?North British/Tangshan121910[9]
1561−1564Beining Railway?North British/Tangshan41919−1920[9]
1571−1581Class 230: 231−241North British/Tangshan111923−1928[9]
モガコ
Mogako
1501−1537Jinghan Railway?2-6-0Fives-Lille371902−1905[20]
1541−1543Class 1400: 1400−1402Saint-Léonard31905[21]
モガロ
Mogaro
1501−1503~Jinghan RailwayClass 100: 101−103~2-6-0Fives-Lille>31901[22]
モガナ
Mogana
1501−1506Jinpu Railway?2-6-0Hanomag61910−1911[23]
1511−1524Class 30: 30−43Humboldt141911?[23]
モガハ
Mogaha
1501−1515Longhai Railway?2-6-0Vulcan (UK)151916−1919[9][24]
モガク
Mogaku
1501−15xxJinghai RailwayClass 90: 91−x2-6-0Baldwin?1901
モガ_
Moga_
1501−1502Daoqing Railway?2-6-0ALCo21913, 1918[9]
パシイ
Pashii
1501−1520Jingsui Railway?4-6-2ALCo20192x[9]
1521−1530Beining RailwayClass 180: 180−189Baldwin101920−1925[25]
1531−1538Jiaoji RailwayClass 400: 400−408ALCo81921[25]
1539−1540Class 400: 409−410Kisha Seizō21922[25]
パシサ
Pashisa
1501–1520new for NCTC--2-8-2Hitachi201938"New National Small Pashi" (新國小パシ).
1521–1550Kisha Seizō301939−1940"New National Small Pashi" (新國小パシ).
パシロ
Pashiro
1501−1512MNRパシロ566–569, 571–5782-8-2Kawasaki, Nippon Sharyō, Hitachi121937Superheated express passenger locomotives. First 12 transferred from Manchukuo National.
1513−1589new for NCTC--Kawasaki571941–1944
パシナ
Pashina
1501−1512Jinpu Railway?2-8-2ALCo121921[9]
1521−1528Class 410: 410−417North British81933[25]
プレコ
Pureko
1501−1510Beining Railway?2-6-2TNorth British101887[9]
1511−1516?2-6-261914[9]
1521−1522Jingsui Railway?2-6-2ST21908[9]
プレロ
Purero
15xxBeining RailwayClass 20: 20−242-6-2TNorth British/Tangshan171921−1925[9]
15xxBeining RailwayClass 25: 25−xx2-6-2?1923−1927[9][26]
15xxClass 150: 150−154~2-6-2Baldwin?1914[9]
15xx incl. 1529?2-6-2TNorth British/Tangshan?1891−1896[9]
プレナ
Purena
15xxJingsui Railway?2-6-2Baldwin?1921[9]
15xx??1909[9][27]
プレハ
Pureha
1501−15xxJingsui Railway?2-6-2Baldwin?1911[9]
プレク
Pureku
1501−1540Jinghan Railway?2-6-2Franco-Belge401920−1923[9][28]
1541−1555Class 20: 20−34Škoda151936[9][29]
1561−1570Class 350: 350−359Lima101920−1922[9]
プレチ
Purechi
1501−1505Longhai RailwayClass 50: 51−552-6-2TTubize51914[9][30]
?? (Shay)1501−1506Jingsui RailwayClass 25: 25−302+2+2Lima61909−19123-truck (Class C) Shay locomotive.[9]
サタイ
Satai
1501−1506Manchukuo Nationalダブロ xxx2-10-2TŠkoda61929−1930Originally CER class Ь 4001-4007, broad gauge; converted to standard gauge by MNR and transferred to NCTC.[9][31]
1507Kawasaki11930
サタニ
Satani
1501−1510Jinpu Railway?2-10-2Krupp101935Similar to DRG Class 45.[32]
サタサ
Satasa
1501Longhai Railway?2-10-2Tubize11937[33]
シカコ
Shikako
1501−15xxJinghan RailwayClass 60: 60−xx0-6-0TCockerill?1901[9][34]
ソリニ
Sorini
1501−1508Longhai Railway?2-8-0Tubize81925[9][35]
1511−15xx?SACM?1935−1936[36]
ソリシ
Sorishi
1501−1518Huning Ry?2-8-0?181919
(to China)
18 ROD 2-8-0 bought by Huning Railway in 1919.[9]
1519−1521Shenhai Railway?North British31926
(to China)
3 ROD 2-8-0 bought by Shenhai Railway in 1926.[9]
1522−1537Beining Railway?Baldwin161920[9]
ソリコ
Soriko
1501−1650JGRvarious2-8-0Kawasaki, Kisha Seizō, JGR Ogura Works1501938−1939
(to China)
JGR Class 9600 locomotives converted to standard gauge and delivered to NCTC.[37]
ソリナ
Sorina
1501−1510Jinghan Railway?2-8-0ALCo101917[9]
テホニ
Tehoni
1501−1506Jiaoji RailwayClass 70: 70−754-6-0Vulcan Stettin61910−1911[38]
1507−1523?171901−1905
1524−1535Jinpu Railway?Hawthorn Leslie121910[9]
テホサ
Tehosa
1501−1510~Beining RailwayClass 110: 110−119~4-6-0North British/Tangshan>101910−1919Rebuilt with superheaters in the late 1930s.[9][39]
テホシ
Tehoshi
1501−1505Jiaoji RailwayClass 300: 301−3054-6-0Schwartzkopff51913[40]
テホコ
Tehoko
1501−1511~??4-6-0Henschel, Hanomag>111910−1913[41]
テホロ
Tehoro
1501−1510Jinghan Railway?4-6-0Tubize?101913−1914[42]
テホナ
Tehona
1501−1532Jinghan RailwayClass 200: 201−2324-6-0France321904−1907[43]
1541−1550Longhai Railway?101909[9]

Narrow gauge

ClassNumbersOriginal ownerOriginal
class & numbers
Wheel
arr.
BuilderTotal
in class
Year builtImageNotes
デカA
DekaA
1501−1550~Tongpu RailwayClass 300: 300−3492-10-0Henschel~5019371000 mm. [44]
デカB
DekaB
1501−1550~Tongpu RailwayClass 350: 350−399~2-10-0Kisha Seizō, Hitachi~5019361000 mm.[45]
ホネA
HoneA
1501−1530Zhengtai RailwayClass 100: 100−1290-6-2TFives-Lille?19061000 mm. Forney locomotive.[9]
モガA
MogaA
1501−15xxTongpu RailwayClass 100: 100−1xx2-6-0ALCo<101908[9]
モガB
MogaB
1501−1503~Tongpu RailwayClass 110: 110−112~2-6-0Henschel>31934−19351067 mm.[46]
モガC
MogaC
1501−15xxJapanese Government RailwaysClass 8620: 78625, others?2-6-0Kawasaki
(78625)
?1924
(78625)
1067 mm.[9] JGR Class 8620 supplied second-hand after 1938.
プレA
PureA
1501−1560Japanese Government RailwaysClass C12: 101-102
103-105
106
107-109
110-113
114-135
136-138
139-143
144-147
148-154
155-156
157-160
2-6-2TNippon Sharyō
Mitsubishi
Kawasaki
Kisha Seizō
Hitachi
Kawasaki
Hitachi
Nippon Sharyō
Kawasaki
Kisha Seizō
Nippon Sharyō
Kisha Seizō
601935-19371067 mm. JGR Class C12 converted to 1000 mm and shipped to NCTC.[9]
プレB
PureB
1501−1502??2-6-2Kawasaki21923, 1927[9]
シカ
Shika
1501−1505~Tongpu RailwayLCK100-6-0TBarclay1?19131067 mm.[47]
LCK20Vulcan Iron Works (UK)1?19101067 mm.[48]
5−xJapan>11921[9]
Zhengtai RailwayClass 10: 11~France>11905[49]
ソリA
SoriA
1501−1526Japanese Government RailwayClasa 9050: ?2-8-0various261937−1938
(regauged)
1067 mm. JGR Class C12 converted to 1000 mm and shipped to NCTC.

Services

The North China Transportation Company ran a number of long-distance trains, both within China and in conjunction with the South Manchuria Railway and the Chosen Government Railway. Notable trains include the "Tairiku" ("Continental") and "Kōa" limited express trains between Beijing and Busan, Korea. The "Tairiku" entered service in 1938, making the trip from Busan to Beijing in 37.5 hours in 1940; the train was discontinued in 1944. The observation car used on this train is preserved at the Beijing Railway Museum. The "Kōa" was put into operation in 1939, making the same trip in 39.5 hours in 1940, but by 1945 the trip took 49 hours. The "Kōa" was discontinued after the Japanese defeat in the Pacific War.

References

  1. 我们的火车站 (AM2)
  2. 我们的火车站 (DB3)
  3. 我们的火车站 (DB4)
  4. 我们的火车站 (DK3)
  5. 我们的火车站 (ET3)
  6. 我们的火车站 (ET4)
  7. 我们的火车站 (FN1)
  8. 我们的火车站 (FN2)
  9. 万国牌蒸汽机车型号
  10. 我们的火车站 (ML2)
  11. 我们的火车站 (ML3)
  12. 我们的火车站 (ML4)
  13. 中國鐵路蒸汽機車大事記(1865-2000)
  14. Kokubu, Hayato. 将軍様の鉄道 [Shōgun-sama no Tetsudō] (in Japanese). 新潮社 (Shinchosha). p. 107. ISBN 978-4-10-303731-6.
  15. 解放型蒸汽機車
  16. 解放型蒸汽机车
  17. JF13型蒸汽机车
  18. 我们的火车站 (MG2)
  19. 我们的火车站 (MG3)
  20. 我们的火车站 (MG5)
  21. http://vfl.ru/fotos/fceed73d15142636.html
  22. 我们的火车站 (MG6)
  23. 我们的火车站 (MG7)
  24. MG型35号蒸汽机车
  25. 勝利型蒸汽機車
  26. 我们的火车站 (PL12)
  27. 站台票欣赏——蒸汽机车生肖站台票
  28. 我们的火车站 (PL9)
  29. 我们的火车站 (PL9-2)
  30. 我们的火车站 (PL10)
  31. [Historie - Škoda Transportation a.s.]
  32. 我们的火车站 (ST2)
  33. 我们的火车站 (ST3)
  34. 我们的火车站 (XK5)
  35. 我们的火车站 (KD2)
  36. 我们的火车站 (KD2-2)
  37. 中国蒸汽機車世紀集影 (Centennial Collection of Chinese Steam Locomotives), China Railway Publishing House, July 2001, ISBN 7-113-04148-5 (in Chinese)
  38. 我们的火车站 (TH2)
  39. 我们的火车站 (TH3)
  40. 我们的火车站 (TH4)
  41. 我们的火车站 (TH5)
  42. 我们的火车站 (TH6)
  43. 我们的火车站 (TH7)
  44. 我们的火车站 (DK51)
  45. 我们的火车站 (DK51-2)
  46. 我们的火车站 (MG51)
  47. 蒸汽机车科普 (LCK10)
  48. 蒸汽机车科普 (LCK20)
  49. 我们的火车站 (XK9)
This article is issued from Wikipedia. The text is licensed under Creative Commons - Attribution - Sharealike. Additional terms may apply for the media files.