Norman Gilbert Pritchard (23 June 1877 – 31 October 1929), also known by his stage name Norman Trevor, was a British-Indian sportsperson and actor who became the first Asian-born athlete to win an Olympic medal when he won two silver medals in athletics at the 1900 Paris Olympics representing India. He was of British ethnicity and moved to Great Britain permanently in 1905, where he became a successful stage actor, and later moved to the United States to work in Hollywood.
|Full name||Norman Gilbert Pritchard|
|Born||23 June 1877|
Calcutta, British India
|Died||31 October 1929 52) (aged|
Los Angeles, United States
|Education||Saint Xavier's College|
|Event(s)||200 metre hurdles|
Norman Pritchard was born in Calcutta to George Petersen Pritchard and Helen Maynard Pritchard.
Norman Pritchard was the first Indian athlete to participate in the Olympic Games and was also the first to win an Olympic medal and also represent an Asian nation. He won two silver medals at the 1900 Summer Olympics in Paris, coming second in the 200 metres behind Walter Tewksbury of the United States and second in the 200 metres hurdles behind the legendary Alvin Kraenzlein, also of the United States. He reached the final of the 110 metres hurdles, but did not finish, and also participated in the 60 metres and 100 metres sprints, in which he failed to qualify for the finals.
In 2005 the IAAF published the official track and field statistics for the 2004 Summer Olympics. In the historical records section Pritchard was listed as having competed for Great Britain in 1900. Research by Olympic historians has shown that Pritchard was indeed chosen to represent Great Britain after competing in the British AAA championship in June 1900. However, the IOC still regard Pritchard as having competed for India, and his two medals are credited to India.
Pritchard won the Bengal province 100 yards sprint title for seven consecutive years, from 1894 to 1900 and set a meet record in 1898-99. He also won the 440 yards (¼ mile) run and the 120 yards hurdles.
He studied at Saint Xaviers College, Calcutta, and is credited with the first hat-trick in an open football tournament in India, for Saint Xavier's against Sovabazar in July 1897.
He served as Secretary of the Indian Football Association from 1900 to 1902. He moved permanently to Britain in 1905.
He then moved to the United States to pursue a career in acting and became the first Olympian to act in silent Hollywood movies under the screen name, Norman Trevor.
He died in Los Angeles of a brain malady on 31 October 1929.
- "The Telegraph - Calcutta (Kolkata) | Opinion | The story of a champion from the East". www.telegraphindia.com. Retrieved 26 March 2018.
- "The Story of a Champion from the East".
- David Wallechinsky - The Complete Book of the Olympics Aurum Press 2000
- "Paris 1900 Athletics - Results & Videos". International Olympic Committee. 20 November 2016. Retrieved 21 April 2018.
- "Norman Pritchard – India's first Olympic medalist". sportskeeda.com. Retrieved 26 March 2017.
- Ian Buchanan. "Who was Norman Pritchard?" (PDF). Journal of Olympic History. International Society of Olympic Historians (January 2000): 27–28.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Norman Pritchard.|
- Norman Pritchard at the Internet Broadway Database
- Norman Pritchard on IMDb
- With Florence Reed and Earle Foxe in The Black Panther's Cub (1921)
- Norman Trevor, 1927 portrait(archived)
- The search for India's first Olympic medallist Sports journalist Gulu Ezekiel's article on BBC News website.