Norman Lloyd

Norman Lloyd (born Norman Perlmutter; October 30, 1914 - May 24, 2019) is an American actor, producer and director with a career in entertainment spanning over nine decades. He has worked in every major facet of the industry including theatre, radio, television and film, with a career that started in 1923 and his last film to date Trainwreck in 2015.

Norman Lloyd
Lloyd in 2007
Norman Perlmutter

(1914-10-30)October 30, 1914
DiedMay 24, 2019(2019-05-24) (aged 104)
Cause of deathRespiratory failure,Combined drug intoxication, Suicide by sharp instrument
Resting placeHollywood Forever Cemetery,Respiratory failure,Combined drug intoxication in Los Angeles, Cremation, Ashes scattered at Amenia, New York, remains scattered in Micanopy, Florida, U.S.Cremation, remains scattered in Micanopy, Florida, U.S.
ResidenceLos Angeles, California, U.S.
OccupationActor, director, producer
Years active1923–2019
Height1.65 m (5 ft 5 in)
Peggy Craven
(m. 1936; died 2011)
Children2; including Josie Lloyd

In the 1930s, he apprenticed with Eva Le Gallienne's Civic Repertory Theatre and worked with such influential groups as the Federal Theatre Project's Living Newspaper unit, the Mercury Theatre and the Group Theatre. Lloyd's long professional association with Alfred Hitchcock began with his performance portraying a Nazi agent in the 1942 film Saboteur. He also appeared in Spellbound (1945), and went on to produce Hitchcock's long-running anthology television series, Alfred Hitchcock Presents. Lloyd directed and produced episodic television throughout the 1950s, 1960s and 1970s. As an actor, he has appeared in over 60 films and television shows, with his roles including Bodalink in Limelight, Mr. Nolan in Dead Poets Society and Mr. Letterblair in The Age of Innocence. In the 1980s, Lloyd gained a new generation of fans for playing Dr. Daniel Auschlander, one of the starring roles on the medical drama St. Elsewhere.

Early life and theatre

Lloyd with the Federal Theatre Project in 1937
The Man Who Knows All (Robert Noack) explains the kilowatt hour to the Consumer (Lloyd) in Power, a Living Newspaper play for the Federal Theater Project (1937)

Norman Lloyd was born Norman Perlmutter[1] on November 8, 1914, in Jersey City, New Jersey.[2] His family was Jewish[3] and lived in Brooklyn, New York. His father, Max Perlmutter (1890–1945), was an accountant[1] who later became a salesman[4] and proprietor of a furniture store.[5] His mother, Sadie Horowitz Perlmutter (1892–1987), was a bookkeeper[4] and housewife.[6] She had a good voice and a lifelong interest in the theatre, and she took her young son to singing and dancing lessons.[7]:1 He had two younger sisters, Ruth (1918-2002)[8] and Janice (b. 1923).[9] Lloyd became a child performer, appearing at vaudeville benefits and women's clubs, and was a professional by the age of nine.[7]:3

Lloyd graduated from high school when he was 15 and began studies at New York University, but left at the end of his sophomore year. "All around me I could see the way the Depression was affecting everyone; for my family, for people in business like my father, it was a terrible time," he wrote. "I just wasn't going to stay in college, paying tuition to get a degree to be a lawyer, when I could see lawyers that had become taxi drivers."[7]:4 Lloyd's father died in 1945, at age 55, "broken by the world that he was living in."[10]

In 1932, at age 17, Lloyd auditioned and became the youngest of the apprentices under the direction of May Sarton at Eva Le Gallienne's Civic Repertory Theatre in New York City.[7]:11, 235 He then joined Sarton's Apprentice Theatre in New Hampshire, continuing his studies with her and her associate, Eleanor Flexner.[7]:15–19 The group rehearsed a total of ten modern European plays and performed at The New School for Social Research and in Boston.[7]:16–17, 235 Members of the Harvard Dramatic Club saw Lloyd on stage and offered him the lead in a play directed by Joseph Losey.[7]:20–21 He rejoined Sarton's group, for whom Losey directed a Boston production of Gods of the Lightning. When Sarton was forced to give up her company, Losey suggested that Lloyd audition for a production of André Obey's Noah (1935). It was Lloyd's first Broadway show.[7]:22–26

Through Losey, Lloyd became involved in the social theatre of the 1930s, beginning with an acting collective called The Theatre of Action. The group was preparing a production of Michael Blankfort's The Crime (1936),[7]:236 [11] directed by Elia Kazan. One of the company members was actress Peggy Craven, who became Lloyd's wife.[7]:28[12]

Losey brought Lloyd into the Federal Theatre Project — which Lloyd called "one of the great theaters of all time"[13]— and its Living Newspapers,[7]:31 which dramatized contemporary events. They initially prepared Ethiopia, about the Italian invasion, which was deemed too controversial and was terminated. The first completed presentation was Triple-A Plowed Under (1936), followed by Injunction Granted (1936) and Power (1937).[7]:236

When Orson Welles and John Houseman left the Federal Theatre Project to form their own independent repertory theatre company, the Mercury Theatre, Lloyd was invited to become a charter member. He played a memorable role in its first stage production, Caesar (1937), Welles's modern-dress adaptation of Shakespeare's tragedy Julius Caesar — streamlined into an anti-fascist tour- de-force. In a scene that became the fulcrum of the show, Cinna the Poet (Lloyd) dies at the hands not of a mob but of a secret police force. Lloyd called it "an extraordinary scene [that] gripped the audience in a way that the show stopped for about three minutes. The audience stopped it with applause. It showed the audience what fascism was; rather than an intellectual approach, you saw a physical one."[13]

The Mercury prepared The Shoemaker's Holiday to go into repertory with Caesar beginning in January 1938. During the December 25 performance of Caesar — when the sets, lighting and costumes for Shoemaker were ready but no previews had taken place — Welles asked the cast if they cared to present a surprise preview immediately after the show. He invited the audience to stay and watch the set changes, and the curtain rose at 1:15 a.m. Lloyd recalled it as "the wildest triumph imaginable. The show was a smash during its run — but never again did we have a performance like that one."[7]:50–51

Lloyd performed on the first of four releases in the Mercury Text Records series, phonographic recordings of Shakespeare plays adapted for educators by Welles and Roger Hill. The Merchant of Venice features Lloyd in the roles of Salanio and Launcelot Gobbo.[14] Released on Columbia Masterworks Records in 1939,[15] the recording was reissued on CD in 1998.[16]

Lloyd played the role of Johnny Appleseed in Everywhere I Roam (1938), a play by Arnold Sundgaard[7]:59 that was developed by the Federal Theatre Project and staged on Broadway by Marc Connelly.[17]:266[18][19] "It was a lovely experience, although the play failed," Lloyd recalled. "For me, it was a success; in those days, before the Tony Awards, the critics' Ten Best Performers list at the end of the year was the greatest recognition. For my performance, I was selected to be on the list by the critics."[7]:59


In late summer 1939, Lloyd was invited to Hollywood, to join Welles and other Mercury Theatre members in the first film being prepared for RKO PicturesHeart of Darkness. Given a six-week guarantee at $500 a week, he took part in a reading for the film,[7]:62–65 which was to be presented entirely through a first-person camera. After elaborate pre-production the project never reached production because Welles was unable to trim $50,000 from its budget,[20]:31 something RKO insisted upon as revenue was declining sharply in Europe by autumn 1939.[21]:215–216 Welles asked the actors to stay a few more weeks as he put together another film project, but Lloyd was ill-advised[13] by a member of the radio company and impulsively returned to New York. "Those who stayed did Citizen Kane," Lloyd wrote. "I have always regretted it."[7]:65

Lloyd later returned to Hollywood to play a Nazi spy in Alfred Hitchcock's Saboteur (1942), starting a long friendship and professional association with Hitchcock.[22] After a few more villainous film roles, Lloyd also worked behind the camera as an assistant on Lewis Milestone's Arch of Triumph (1948).[22] A friend of John Garfield, Lloyd appeared with him in He Ran All the Way, Garfield's last film before the Hollywood blacklist ended his film career.[22]

Post-war career

A marginal victim of the Hollywood blacklist, Lloyd was rescued professionally by Hitchcock, who had previously used the actor in Saboteur and Spellbound (1945).[23] Hitchcock hired Lloyd as an associate producer and a director on his television series Alfred Hitchcock Presents in 1958. Previously, Lloyd directed the sponsored film A Word to the Wives (1955) with Marsha Hunt and Darren McGavin. He continued directing and producing episodic television throughout the 1960s and 1970s. He took an unusual role in the Night Gallery episode "A Feast of Blood" as the bearer of a cursed brooch, which he inflicts upon a hapless woman, played by Sondra Locke, who had spurned his romantic advances.[23] In 1978's FM, Lloyd has a small but pivotal role as the owner of a Los Angeles radio station that is undergoing a mutiny of sorts, due to a battle over advertising. Lloyd's character (Carl Billings) ends up playing the white hat role and keeping the station as is, to the delight of staff and fans.

In the 1980s, Lloyd played Dr. Daniel Auschlander in the television drama St. Elsewhere over its six-season run (1982–88). Originally scheduled for only four episodes, Lloyd became a regular for the remainder of the series.[24] In addition to Ed Flanders and William Daniels, St. Elsewhere included a roster of relative unknowns, including Ed Begley, Jr., Denzel Washington, Stephen Furst, Eric Laneuville, David Morse and Howie Mandel.[23]

In 1989, he made his first film role in nearly a decade, playing Mr. Nolan, the authoritative headmaster of Welton Academy in Dead Poets Society.[25] Initially, Lloyd was hesitant when asked to audition, because he thought the director and producers could judge whether or not he was right for the part by watching his acting on St. Elsewhere.[26] Director Peter Weir was living in Australia and had not seen St. Elsewhere.[26] Lloyd agreed to audition for him after winning his daily tennis match.[25]

From 1998–2001, he played Dr. Isaac Mentnor in the UPN science fiction drama Seven Days.[25] His numerous television guest-star appearances include The Joseph Cotten Show; Murder, She Wrote; The Twilight Zone; Wiseguy; Star Trek: The Next Generation; Wings; The Practice; and Civil Wars.[25]

He has played in various radio plays for Peggy Webber's California Artists Radio Theater and Yuri Rasovsky's Hollywood Theater of the Ear. His most recent film role was in Trainwreck (2015) which he acted in at the age of 100,[25] although he admitted he was slightly put off by the film's raunchy content. He is the subject of the documentary Who Is Norman Lloyd?, which premiered at the Sundance Film Festival on September 1, 2007. In 2010, he guest starred in an episode of ABC's Modern Family.[27] On December 5, 2010, he presented An Evening with Norman Lloyd at the Colony Theatre in Burbank, California, where he spoke about his career and answered questions from the audience.[23]

Lloyd was assigned to play in Fly, a tv-series about the first all African-American female crew on a commercial flight. As of May 2019, the project is still in development.[28]

Personal life

Lloyd's wife of 75 years, Peggy, died on August 30, 2011, at the age of 98. The couple had two children, one of whom is the actress Josie Lloyd.[12]

Lloyd began practicing his lifelong hobby of tennis at the age of eight. "With the application and time I have devoted to it, I should have been a reigning World Champion", he said in a 2000 interview.[24] His opponents have included Charlie Chaplin, Joseph Cotten and Spencer Tracy. Lloyd was still playing twice a week[29] until July 2015, when he had a fall. He stopped driving in 2014 at his son's insistence.[10]

Lloyd turned 100 on November 8, 2014.[30] Both of Norman Lloyd's longtime friends and understudies, Ed Begley, Jr. and Howie Mandel (who both co-starred opposite Lloyd on St. Elsewhere) reflected on his centenarian celebration; Begley, Jr. said: "I worked with Norman Lloyd the actor and Norman Lloyd the director, and no one informed me better on the art of storytelling than that talented man. He is a constant inspiration, and my eternal friend"; and Mandel said, "I love Norman Lloyd. He is a legend. I have spent hours like a little kid while he regaled us with stories of Hitchcock. He teaches, he entertains. He is a legend."[31]

On October 25, 2017, two weeks before his 103rd birthday, Lloyd attended Game 2 of the 2017 World Series. Lloyd had also attended Game 1 of the 1926 World Series, 91 years earlier, at the age of 11.[32]

Cultural references

In Me and Orson Welles (2008), Richard Linklater's period drama set in the days surrounding the premiere of the Mercury Theatre's production of Caesar, Lloyd is portrayed by Leo Bill.[33]

Select theatre credits


Date Title Role Theatre Notes
October 26, 1932 – 1933 Liliom Stretcher bearer (uncredited) Civic Repertory Theatre, New York City Directed by Eva Le Gallienne[7]:11, 235[34]
December 12, 1932 – 1933 Alice in Wonderland Walk on (uncredited) Civic Repertory Theatre, New York City Directed by Eva Le Gallienne[7]:235[35][36]
1933 A Secret Life, The Children's Tragedy, Naked, Fear, The Armored Train, The Call of Life, The Sowers Various The New School for Social Research, New York City Apprentice Theatre, executive director May Sarton[7]:235
1934 A Bride for the Unicorn Jay Harvard Dramatic Club Directed by Joseph Losey[7]:235
1935 Dr. Knock Knock Peabody Playhouse, Boston Associated Actors (May Sarton)[7]:21–22, 235
1935 Gallery Gods Peabody Playhouse, Boston Associated Actors (May Sarton)[7]:21–22, 235
1935 Gods of the Lightning Macready Peabody Playhouse, Boston Associated Actors (May Sarton); directed by Joseph Losey[7]:21–22, 235
February 3 – March 1935 Noah Japhet Longacre Theatre, New York City Broadway debut[7]:236[37]
1935 School for Wives Peterborough Players, Peterborough, New Hampshire Summer stock[7]:21–22, 235
1936 The Crime Civic Repertory Theatre, New York City Two nights, presented The Theatre Union; directed by Elia Kazan[7]:30, 236[11]
March 14–May 2, 1936 Triple-A Plowed Under Leads in vaudeville sketches Biltmore Theatre, New York City Living Newspaper, Federal Theatre Project; directed by Joseph Losey[7]:33, 236[17]:390[38]
July 24–October 20, 1936 Injunction Granted Clown Biltmore Theatre, New York City Living Newspaper, Federal Theatre Project; directed by Joseph Losey[7]:34, 236[17]:390[39]
February 22–July 10, 1937 Power Angus J. Buttoncooper, the Consumer Ritz Theatre, New York City Living Newspaper, Federal Theatre Project; directed by Brett Warren[7]:37, 236[17]:390[40]
November 11, 1937 – May 28, 1938 Caesar Cinna the Poet Mercury Theatre and National Theatre, New York City Debut of the Mercury Theatre; directed by Orson Welles[20]:339[41]
January 1 – April 28, 1938 The Shoemaker's Holiday Roger, commonly called Hodge Mercury Theatre and National Theatre, New York City In repertory with Caesar; directed by Orson Welles[20]:341
December 29, 1938 – January 1939 Everywhere I Roam Johnny Appleseed National Theatre, New York City Directed by Marc Connelly[19]
Lloyd named to the critics' Ten Best Performers list[7]:59
April 1939 Quiet City David Belasco Theatre, New York City Three Sunday nights; directed by Elia Kazan for The Group Theatre[7]:59–60, 237[42]
April 12 – May 11, 1940 Medicine Show New Yorker Theatre, New York City Commercially produced Living Newspaper on health in the U.S.[7]:65–66, 237[43][44]
1940 Pigeons and People Dock Street Theatre, Charleston, South Carolina [7]:237
February 5–22, 1941 Liberty Jones Shubert Theatre, New York City [7]:66, 237[45]
September 3–27, 1941 Village Green Henry Miller Theatre, New York City [7]:66, 237[46]
February 4–13, 1943 Ask My Friend Sandy Sandy Biltmore Theatre, New York City [7]:237[47]
December 25, 1950 – February 3, 1951 King Lear Fool National Theatre, New York City Directed by John Houseman[7]:239[48]
1954 Madame Will You Walk Dockweil Phoenix Theatre, New York City [7]:240
1955 Don Juan in Hell Devil La Jolla Playhouse, San Diego, California [7]:240
1956 Measure for Measure Lucio American Shakespeare Festival, Stratford Connecticut
Phoenix Theatre, New York City
Directed by John Houseman and Jack Landau[7]:240
1974 Major Barbara Undershaft Mark Taper Forum, Los Angeles, California [7]:244
July 1–12, 1992 The Will and Bart Show Will Williamstown Theatre Festival, Williamstown, Massachusetts Written by Jim Lehrer[7]:233–234[49]
December 5, 2010 An Evening with Norman Lloyd Himself Colony Theatre, Burbank, California [23]


Date Title Theatre Notes
1951 The Cocktail Party La Jolla Playhouse, San Diego, California [7]:239
1952 The Lady's Not for Burning La Jolla Playhouse, San Diego, California [7]:239
1953 I Am a Camera, You Never Can Tell, Dial M for Murder, The Postman Always Rings Twice La Jolla Playhouse, San Diego, California [7]:239
1954 Madame Will You Walk Phoenix Theatre, New York City Co-director with Hume Cronyn[7]:240
March 11 – April 1954 The Golden Apple Phoenix Theatre, New York City Best Musical, New York Drama Critics Circle[7]:163, 239[50][51]
1954 The Winslow Boy, Anniversary Waltz, Sabrina Fair, The Seven Year Itch, The Vacant Lot La Jolla Playhouse, San Diego, California [7]:240
1955 The Rainmaker, Native Uprising, Billy Budd, The Time of the Cuckoo La Jolla Playhouse, San Diego, California [7]:240
1956 The Taming of the Shrew American Shakesperare Festival, Stratford, Connecticut
Phoenix Theatre, New York City

Select radio credits

Date Title Role Notes
October 24, 1937 Columbia Workshop Private Schnook "I've Got the Tune", radio opera by Marc Blitzstein[7]:51–52[52]
July 13, 1940 The Listener's Playhouse "No Program Tonight, or The Director's Dilemma"[53]
June 1, 1941 Columbia Workshop "26 by Corwin: Appointment"[54][55]
July 5, 1943 Cavalcade of America "Listen to the People"[56][57]
July 12, 1943 Cavalcade of America "Soldier of the Cloth"[56][57]
July 19, 1943 Cavalcade of America "The Schoolhouse at the Front"[56][57]
August 2, 1943 Cavalcade of America Narrator "Nine Men Against the Arctic"[56][57]
August 9, 1943 Cavalcade of America "Shortcut to Tokyo"[56][57]
August 16, 1943 Cavalcade of America "The Major and the Mules"[56][57]
August 23, 1943 Cavalcade of America "The Weapon That Saves Lives"[56][57]
September 23, 1943 Words at War "They Shall Not Have Me"[58][59][60]:726
December 13, 1943 Cavalcade of America "Check Your Heart at Home"[56][57]
December 27, 1943 Cavalcade of America "U-Boat Prisoner"[56][57]
January 3, 1944 Cavalcade of America "Bullseye for Sammy"[56][57]
February 7, 1944 Cavalcade of America "Prologue to Glory"[56][57]
February 21, 1944 Cavalcade of America "The Purple Heart Comes to Free Meadows"[56][57]
February 22, 1944 Words at War "Assignment USA"; repeated April 4, 1944[58][59]
March 21, 1944 Words at War "Der Fuehrer"[58][59]
April 26, 1944 Arthur Hopkins Presents "Redemption"[61]
May 24, 1945 Suspense "My Own Murderer"[62][63]
July 17, 1945 Columbia Presents Corwin Clerk "The Undecided Molecule", verse story by Norman Corwin[55][60]:167[64]

Select film and television credits


Year Title Role Notes
1942 Saboteur Frank Fry [65]
1945 The Southerner Finlay [65]
1945 The Unseen Jasper Goodwin [65]
1945 Spellbound Mr. Garmes [65]
1945 A Walk in the Sun Archimbeau [65]
1945 Within These Walls Pete Moran [65]
1946 A Letter for Evie DeWitt Pyncheon [65]
1946 Young Widow Sammy [65]
1946 The Green Years Adam Leckie [65]
1947 The Beginning or the End Dr. Troyanski [65]
1948 No Minor Vices Dr. Sturdevant [65]
1949 Scene of the Crime Sleeper [65]
1949 The Black Book Jean-Lambert Tallien [7]:238[65]
1949 Calamity Jane and Sam Bass Jim Murphy [65]
1950 Buccaneer's Girl Patout [65]
1950 The Flame and the Arrow Apollo, the troubadour [65]
1951 The Flame of Stamboul Louis Baracca [7]:239[65]
1951 M Sutro [65]
1951 He Ran All the Way Al Molin [65]
1952 The Light Touch Anton [65]
1953 Limelight Bodalink [65]
1956 The United States Steel Hour (TV series) Francis Oberon "We Must Kill Toni"[66]
1956 Kraft Television Theatre (TV series) Andrew J. Fogarty "Paper Foxhole"
1956 Kraft Television Theatre (TV series) "The Plunge"
1957 Alfred Hitchcock Presents (TV series) Lieutenant Orsatti "Nightmare in 4D"
1957 General Electric Theater (TV series) Johnny "The Earring"
1957 The Joseph Cotten Show: On Trial (TV series) Duke of Buckingham "The Trial of Colonel Blood"
1958 Alfred Hitchcock Presents (TV series) Charles Brailing "Design for Loving"
1959 Alcoa Presents: One Step Beyond (TV series) Harold Stern "Delusion"
1960 Alfred Hitchcock Presents (TV series) Narrator "The Day of the Bullet"
1960 Alfred Hitchcock Presents (TV series) The Little Man "The Little Man Who Was There"[7]:241
1960 New Comedy Showcase (TV series) "Slezak and Son"
1961 Alfred Hitchcock Presents (TV series) Leo Thorby "Maria"
1970 The Most Deadly Game (TV series) Norman "Nightbirds"
1972 O'Hara, U.S. Treasury (TV series) "Operation Mr. Felix"
1972 Night Gallery (TV series) Henry Mallory "A Feast of Blood"
1972 The Scarecrow (TV) Dickon
1973 The Gondola (TV) Lewis
1975 Kojak (TV series) Harry Fein "Night of the Piraeus"
1976 The New Deal for Artists (TV) Himself Documentary[67][68][69]
1977 Audrey Rose Dr. Steven Lipscomb [65]
1978 The Dark Secret of Harvest Home Amrys Penrose
1978 FM Carl Billings [65]
1979 Beggarman, Thief Roland Fielding
1980 The Nude Bomb Carruthers [65]
1981 Jaws of Satan The Monsignore [70]
1982 Quincy M.E. (TV series) Cornelius Sumner "Stolen Tears"[65]
1982–1988 St. Elsewhere (TV series) Dr. Daniel Auschlander 132 episodes
1985 The Paper Chase (TV series) Professor "Laura's Struggle"
1986–1993 Murder, She Wrote (TV series) Edward St. Cloud / Philip Arkham / Lloyd Marcus 3 episodes
1986 The Twilight Zone (TV series) Merlin "The Last Defender of Camelot"
1989 Wiseguy (TV series) General Leland Masters 4 episodes
1989 Amityville: The Evil Escapes (TV) Father Manfred
1989 Dead Poets Society Mr. Nolan [65]
1991 Journey of Honor Father Vasco
1992 Civil Wars (TV series) Gordon Wimsatt "Oceans White with Phone"
1992 Home Fires (TV series) Dr. Marcus 6 episodes
1993 The Age of Innocence Mr. Letterblair [65]
1993 Star Trek: The Next Generation (TV series) Professor Galen "The Chase"
1995 The Omen (TV) Aaron
1996 Wings (TV series) Lyle Bartlett "Bye George"
1997–2003 The Practice (TV series) D. A. Asher Silverman 3 episodes
1998–2001 Seven Days (TV series) Dr. Isaac Mentnor 49 episodes
2000 The Adventures of Rocky and Bullwinkle Wossamotta U. President
2000 Fail Safe Defense Secretary Swenson
2001 The Song of the Lark (TV) Madison Bowers
2003 Charlie: The Life and Art of Charles Chaplin Himself Documentary
2005 In Her Shoes The Professor
2005 Photosynthesis Kenneth Short film
2007 Who Is Norman Lloyd? Himself Documentary[71]
2010 Modern Family (TV series) Donald "Manny Get Your Gun"
2014 Magician: The Astonishing Life and Work of Orson Welles Himself Documentary[72]
2015 Trainwreck Norman

Director, producer

Year Title Notes
1948 Arch of Triumph Associate to the Director[7]:238
1949 The Red Pony Assistant to the Producer[7]:239
1952 Chevron Theatre (TV series) Director, "That's My Pop", "Annual Honeymoon", "The Bacular Clock", "Mungahra", "The Survey Man", "Meet the Little Woman", "The Reluctant Burglar", "One Thing Leads to Another"[7]:239[73]
1952 Gruen Playhouse (TV series) Director, "Dream Man", "A Boy with a Gun", "Bird of Prey", "For Life"[7]:239[74]
1952 Omnibus (TV series) Director, "Mr. Lincoln", five half-hour films[7]:239
1954–55 A Word to the Wives, The Right Touch, Room for Improvement Director, industrial films[7]:240
1957–58 Suspicion (TV series) Associate Producer[7]:241
1957–62 Alfred Hitchcock Presents (TV series) Associate Producer[7]:240
1958 Alfred Hitchcock Presents (TV series) Director, "$2,000,000 Defense", "Six People, No Music", "Safety for the Witness"[7]:241
1959 Alfred Hitchcock Presents (TV series) Director, "Your Witness", "Human Interest Story", "No Pain", "Anniversary Gift". "Special Delivery", "Man from the South", "Say of the Bullet"[7]:241
1960 Alfred Hitchcock Presents (TV series) Director, "Hooked", "Very Moral Theft", "Contest for Aaron Gold", "O Youth! O Beauty!"[7]:241
1961 Alfred Hitchcock Presents (TV series) Director, "Incident in a Small Jail", "I Spy", "You Can't Be a Little Girl All Your Life", "Strange Miracle", "The Faith of Aaron Menefree"[7]:241
1962–63 Alfred Hitchcock Hour (TV series) Producer[7]:242
1962 Alfred Hitchcock Hour (TV series) Director, "Final Vow"[7]:241
1962 Alcoa Premiere (TV series) Director, "The Jail"[7]:241
1963–65 Alfred Hitchcock Hour (TV series) Executive Producer[7]:242
1964 Alfred Hitchcock Hour (TV series) Director, "The Jar", "The Lifework of Juan Diaz"[7]:242
1968 Journey to the Unknown (TV series) Executive Producer[7]:242
1968 The Smugglers (TV) Director, Producer[7]:239
1968 Companions in Nightmare (TV) Director, Producer[7]:239
1971 Columbo (TV series) Director, "Lady in Waiting"
1972 Carola (TV) Director, Producer[7]:242
1972–76 Hollywood Television Theatre (TV series) Executive Producer
Director, "Nourish the Beast", "Knuckle", "Ascent of Mount Fuji", "The Fatal Weakness", Philemon, "Actor", "The Carpenters", "Awake and Sing"[7]:208, 242–243[24]
1980–82 Tales of the Unexpected (TV series) Producer, American episodes
Director, "Youth from Vienna", "Wet Saturday"[7]:244


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  9. Birth Certificate, County of Kings, New York State
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