Non-FIFA international football
FIFA is the international governing body of association football, overseeing football globally and with running international representative matches. However, some international football takes place outside its ratification. This often consists of matches involving sub-national entities such as islands, colonies or autonomous regions. Representative matches also occur involving states with limited international recognition who are unable to qualify for FIFA membership. There are also a limited number of states whose representative teams are not affiliated to FIFA. Historically, a number of competitions occurred outside FIFA's auspices.
Broadly-speaking, there are five categories of Non-FIFA national team:
Teams representing seven small sovereign states (Federated States of Micronesia, Kiribati, Monaco, Nauru, Palau, Tuvalu, and the Vatican City) have played international football but are not affiliated to FIFA. Kiribati and Tuvalu are Associate Members of Oceania Football Confederation but not its parent organisation.
The United Kingdom is represented in FIFA through its four constituent countries – England, Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland. During the 1940s and 50s a United Kingdom national football team was assembled on a few occasions to play friendly matches which were not considered full internationals by FIFA.
Autonomous (or autonomy-seeking) regions and unrecognised states
A second category encompasses regions of larger nations which have a history of autonomy. They may have already achieved a degree of self-governance (for example the autonomous communities of Spain including Catalonia, Galicia and the Basque Country which usually play just one game a year, traditionally at Christmas), or be seeking it (like for example the french historic region of Brittany). However, it is necessary to distinguish the Basque team from the others, as it has come to represent not just the 'Basque autonomous community', but the 'greater Basque region', also incorporating Navarre and the French Basque Country.
Alternatively, some unrecognised states may have national teams. Some established members of UEFA once fell into this category, such as the Faroe Islands. Current non-FIFA heavyweights Northern Cyprus are the best example of this category of non-FIFA football team.
The first, and most common, are teams which represent the regional associations of established footballing nations. These oversea local football in their respective regions and are part of a network of associations that contribute to the national association as a whole. A good example of this would be Jersey, whose members are also members of the FA. These regional associations often enter representative teams into international non-FIFA matches.
The third group of teams features representative sides drawn from ethnic groups that have yet to gain significant control over a home state, or drawn from an ethnic diaspora. The Sami people of Lapland live in a distinct area of northern Scandinavia, yet fall under the control of four states. Nevertheless, they have organised a football association and a representative team. Similarly, the Romani people—having been strewn across Europe for centuries—have a fledgeling footballing organisation to represent them in international competition. Other stateless nations, such as the Palestinians have been welcomed into FIFA and the AFC despite having no recognised state. The Esperanto Football Team has been set up to represent the worldwide community of Esperanto speakers.
Another group of teams consist of ethnic minorities in a state.
- N.F.-Board New Federations Board: a now-defunct football association established in 2003. It was made up of teams that represent nations that were not recognized as sovereign states and which are therefore not eligible to become members of FIFA, football's world governing body. The NF-Board organised the VIVA World Cup and the UNPO Cup. CSANF was its first continental confederation, for South America. The N.F. Board has been inactive since 2013 and is considered defunct.
- CONIFA Confederation of Independent Football Associations: from confederations homepage: CONIFA is a global umbrella organization for all the football teams outside FIFA. There are more than 5,500 ethnicities around the world and hundreds of sportingly isolated regions that don't have an international arena to play international football. CONIFA welcome all registered Football Associations and teams to play. We organize the official World Championship for teams outside FIFA, Continental Championships, International tournament and Cups combined with Cultural Events and Youth Exchanges.. As of 2018, ConIFA has more than 40 member associations.
- IIGA International Island Games Association: formed in 1985, this is an organization with the sole purpose to organise the Island Games, a friendly biennial athletic competition (including football) between teams from several islands and other small territories.
Football tournaments at international multi-sports events, such as the Olympics, Pan-American Games and Francophone games are without FIFA's jurisdiction, but are, for the most part, operated with the acknowledgement of that body. These events typically involve age restricted teams, to avoid direct competition with the World Cup and continental championships.
The FIFI Wild Cup
The FIFI Wild Cup was organised by the German football club St. Pauli in the summer of 2006. It took place while the FIFA World Cup was being played in Germany, and aimed to raise awareness of stateless nations. Five nations took part, along with a team representing the St Pauli district of Hamburg. Northern Cyprus beat Zanzibar on penalties to win the trophy.
The UNPO Cup
The UNPO Cup was organised by the Unrepresented Nations and Peoples Organization and NF-Board, and took place in The Hague in June 2005. The tournament, which coincided with UNPO's 7th General Assembly, and featured four teams. The South Moluccas won the cup, beating Chechnya in the final.
The VIVA World Cup
The first VIVA World Cup, organised by the N.F.-Board, took place in Occitania in November 2006. Six nations initially accepted invitations, but eventually, only 3 took part, the hosts, Monaco and Saami, the eventual winners. The second edition took place in Lapland in 2008 and Padania emerged as winners, as the third in 2009 where Padania won the tournament at home.
ConIFA World Football Cup
The ELF Cup
Football at the Island Games
The Island Games, which are held every two years, features a competitive football tournament, won on the first two occasions by now-established UEFA and FIFA member, the Faroe Islands, and again in 2007 by now UEFA members, Gibraltar. Many of the competing nations are affiliated to larger national FAs - the Jersey Football Association, for example, is governed by the FA.
† Ynys Mon hosted an unofficial 2019 Inter Games Football Tournament as Gibraltar did not have enough pitches.
European Football Cup
The ConIFA European Football Cup was played in Douglas, the Isle of Man. The host place of the tournament was moved to London, England, and then to Székely Land, Romania. The tournament took place from the 13th till the 21st of June, 2015. It was the first ever European Championship between representative teams outside FIFA. The 12 representative teams: Ellan Vannin, County of Nice, Abkhazia, Nagorno Karabakh, South Ossetia, Occitania, Romani People, Franconia, Sapmi, Northern Cyprus, Szekely Land and Padania. Subsequently, 3 teams (Franconia, Monaco, Nagorno-Karabakh) cancelled their participation for the 2015 ConIFA European Football Cup in Hungary, which forced the originally planned schedule to be revised. The presence of a total of nine teams led to three groups of three being formed. In May 2015, Occitania also announced their withdrawal from the competition, which led to another revision of the match schedule into two groups of four, which ConIFA based upon their ranking points system. In June 2015, another three teams, South Ossetia, Abkhazia and Northern Cyprus, were all forced to withdraw, as a result of visa difficulties, while the Felvidek team was added to the line up - leaving two groups of three and six participants in total.
The Europeada is a football tournament for indigenous and national minorities in Europe, and is organized by the Federal Union of European Nationalities. The first edition was played in 2008 in Surselva, Switzerland.
The Copa CSANF is a football tournament for football federations not admitted to FIFA in South America. Is organized by the Consejo Sudamericano de Nuevas Federaciones. The first edition was played in 2011 in Chile.
CSANF 10th Anniversary Cup
The CSANF 10th Anniversary Cup is a tournament to celebrate the 10 years of the creation of the Consejo Sudamericano de Nuevas Federaciones.
The Campeonato Nacional de Futbol Pueblos Originarios (Copa ANPO) is a football tournament for the indigenous peoples of South America, and is organized by the Asociación Nacional de Pueblos Originarios. The inaugural tournament was played in 2012 in Chile. Campeonato de futbol Pueblos Originarios Asociacion Andina de Futbol Liga Andina Arica Facebook page on Facebook played among six teams. Three teams come from the Mapuche people – the largest indigenous population in Chile. There is a Mapuche team, a Pewenche team (which is the term used for Mapuche populations living in the mountainous regions of Chile), and a Warriache team (composed of Mapuche individuals from the city). In addition, there is one Aymara team, one Lican Antay (or Atacameño) team, and one Rapa Nui team.
The N.F.-Board's South American governing body CSANF have announced a preliminary date for the second Indigenous Peoples' Championship. Set for Santiago in Chile from August 5–10, 2013, the sides hoped to compete are Easter Island, Mapuche, Aymara, LikanAntay, Diaguita, Kolla, Quechua and a combined Yaghan-Kawesqar team.
- The Coupe de l'Outre-Mer is organised by the FFF, took place in October 2008, in Paris, France. Teams representing the eleven French Overseas Territories are allowed to participate. The first edition was won by Réunion. After 3 editions the Coupe de l’Outre-Mer, for French overseas territories, has been cancelled by the French Football Federation.
- KTFF 50th Anniversary Cup was held in 2005 under the auspices of the NF-Board, this tournament celebrated 50 years of the football association of Northern Cyprus, the KTFF, and featured representative sides from the host nation, the Sápmi, and Kosovo. Northern Cyprus triumphed in a round-robin tournament.
- Inter Island Cup played between Cocos Islands and Christmas Island in 1994, 1997, 1999, 2004 and 2005.
- Micronesia Games played by Northern Mariana Islands, Guam, Palau, Yap and Pohnpei in 1998.
- Adam Shield played between the Faroe Islands and Shetland, from 1935 to 1967.
- Micronesian Cup played between Micronesia and Northern Marianas Islands in 1999.
- Pasefika Cup played by teams composed of ethnic groups in the Pacific Ocean, is played since 2008.
- Marianas Cup played between Guam and Northern Marianas Islands from 2007.
- Clericus Cup played between sixteen Roman colleges and seminaries of the Catholic Church since 2007.
- Virgin Islands Championship played between islands of Virgin archipelago from 1997 to 2003.
- Inter Islands Competition played between Saba and Sint Eustatius in 2004 and 2006.
- Windward Islands Tournament played between St.Lucia, Grenada, Dominica and St.Vincent in 2001.
- Leeward Islands Tournament played between Caribbean islands from 1949 to 2002.
- Muratti Vase played between Guernsey, Alderney and Jersey since 1905.
- GFA Tournament played in Gibraltar, with the host, Isle of Man and Isle of Wight in 2004.
- Tournoi des Iles played in Brittany, with the host, Guadeloupe, Martinique and French Guiana in 2003.
- Greenland Cups played between Greenland, Faroe Islands and Iceland from 1980 to 1984.
- North Atlantic Cup played between Orkney, Faroe Islands and Shetland from 1968 to 1973.
- Milne Cup annual tournament between Orkney and Shetland, played since 1919.
- Martinez Shield played between Trinidad Island, Barbados and Demerara (British Guyana), from 1923 to 1933.
- Tournoi Frantz Fanon between Martinique, Guadeloupe and Haiti, played in 2002.
- Tournoi du Cinquantenaire played between French Guiana, Martinique and Guadeloupe, in 2003.
- The Four Nations played by England, Scotland and Wales with "B" teams and Gibraltar in 2008.
- Tournoi de Guadeloupe played between Guadeloupe and St.Lucia in 2006.
- Jeux Inter-Iles played between Wallis Island and Futuna Island in 2001.
- Chinese Championship played between Chinese regions, from 1973 to 1989.
- Chinese National Games played between Chinese regions, from 1959 to 1965.
- Santosh Trophy played between Indian States, since 1973.
- DONER Trophy played between the Indian States, in 2003 and 2004.
- The Southwest Cup is an open soccer tournament to Native American tribal teams in the Southwest United States. This tournament is biennial and started in 1957.
- South-West Counties Championship played between Cornwall, Guernsey and Jersey, and several other English counties from 1998 to 2007.
- Alex Oni Cup played between Igbo Nation, Edo Nation and Yoruba Nation, from 1950 to 1957.
- Brazilian State Championship played by Brazilian states from 1922 to 1987.
- Brazilian Native Peoples Games are held under the auspices of FUNAI.
- International Small Nations Tournament played by Jersey, Gibraltar and Madeira (U-20 team) in Jersey in 2008.
- 2010 Corsica Football Cup - played 4 teams: 2 non-FIFA and 2 FIFA.
- The Eco-Sys Action Cup (EAFC) - playing for the planet.
- The International tournament of peoples and cultures in Marseille (France) from 23 to 28 June 2013. International Soccer Tournament is part of Marseille European City of Culture 2013. 6-12 Men's senior teams will vie for honours while sharing a cultural experience with their opponents.
- Tynwald Hill International Football Tournament The first Tynwald Hill International Football Tournament to be held at Mullen e Cloie, St Johns, Isle of Man from the 4 to 7 July 2013. Competing Teams - Sealand, Alderney, Tamil Eelam, Raetia, Occitania and St Johns United.
- 1st Copa America for Pueblos Originarios will be held in Colombia in 2014.
- All Hazara tournament played between Hazara nation in Pakistan.
- The Cup of the SADR (Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic) - a new edition of the Saharawi Soccer Cup with players who live in forced exile in Spain and in France participate.
- Southern Frontier Cup a 4-team invitational tournament hosted by International Surrey Football, in Surrey, United Kingdom.
Some non-FIFA teams play in other tournaments generally played by FIFA members, including the CONCACAF Gold Cup, Indian Ocean Games, CECAFA Cup, South Pacific Games, Coupes des Caraibes, Shell Caribbean Cup, CFU Championship and many more.
Moreover, many teams, before obtaining FIFA membership, played friendlies and international tournaments - for example, the Faroe Islands.
Across a discreet number of minor tournaments, the only three main international football tournaments for women are the Women's VIVA World Cup, the Europeada and the Island Games.
A women's football tournament to the Island Games is played from 2001 edition:
† Ynys Mon hosted an unofficial 2019 Inter Games Football Tournament as Gibraltar did not have enough pitches.
VIVA World Cup
A women's football tournament to the VIVA World Cup is played from 2008 until 2010:
A women's football tournament to the Europeada is played from the 2016 edition:
A big number of friendlies are played between youth selections with different restrictions (U-21, U-18, or U-16 for example) but still does not exists any international or continental tournaments. Only a little number of minor tournaments are played for youth selections: one of them, and probably one of the most important, is Muratti Vase who is played for U-21, U-18, U-15.
Despite the fact many non-FIFA associations have their own league, there are no international or continental club tournaments.
- "Confederation of Independent Football Associations". CONIFA.
- "Football Associations Members of the N.F.-Board". N.F.-Board.
- Ynys Mon to host unofficial 2019 'Island Games' football tournament
- "European Football Cup: Padania 12th participant". conifaofficial.wordpress.com. 5 January 2015. Retrieved 30 March 2017.
- "European Football Championship of the Autochthonous National Minorities". Europeana.
- Laura Seelau; Ryan Seelau (22 June 2012). "Indigenous Focus: Copa ANPO 2012". I Love Chile News. Archived from the original on 25 June 2012.
- "CSANF announce plans for second South American competition". nonfifafootball.blogspot.co.uk. Retrieved 30 March 2017.
- Jose Molina (10 August 2013). "Williche was crowned champion of the 2nd.Torneo de Fútbol de Pueblos Originarios, developed in Limache (Translation)". Diario Crónica page (in Spanish). Retrieved 24 September 2018.
- "Mapuche National Champion 2015 (Translation)". Radio Nuevo Mundo (in Spanish). 24 April 2015. coverage
- "Non-FIFA Football Updates is back". nonfifafootball.blogspot.com.
- "Non-FIFA Football Updates - providing the latest news on the game outside FIFA's auspices". nonfifafootball.blogspot.com.
- "Graciosa Beach/Palmas/Tocantins (Translation)". Fundação Nacional do Índio (in Portuguese). Archived from the original on 2 April 2010.
- "Eco-Sys Action Football Cup". ecosysaction.org.
- "Communication from the Quebec team for its participation in the Tournament of Peoples, Cultures and Tribes (Translation)". prouvenco-football.org (in French). 30 May 2013. Archived from the original on 16 June 2013.
- "Tynwald Hill International Football Tournament home page". Tynwald Hill International Football Tournament. Archived from the original on 29 July 2013.
- Karen Riquelme (8 August 2013). "Chile's Indigenous Football Tournament Kicks Off in Limache". I Love Chile News. Archived from the original on 14 July 2014.
- Ynys Mon to host unofficial 2019 'Island Games' football tournament