Nocturnal Animals

Nocturnal Animals is a 2016 American neo-noir psychological thriller film written, produced and directed by Tom Ford, based on the 1993 novel Tony and Susan by Austin Wright. The film stars Amy Adams, Jake Gyllenhaal, Michael Shannon, Aaron Taylor-Johnson, Isla Fisher, Armie Hammer, Laura Linney, Andrea Riseborough, and Michael Sheen. The plot follows an art gallery owner as she reads the new novel written by her first husband and begins to see the similarities between it and their former relationship.

Nocturnal Animals
Theatrical release poster
Directed byTom Ford
Produced by
Screenplay byTom Ford
Based onTony and Susan
by Austin Wright
Music byAbel Korzeniowski
CinematographySeamus McGarvey
Edited byJoan Sobel
Distributed byFocus Features
Release date
  • September 2, 2016 (2016-09-02) (Venice)
  • November 18, 2016 (2016-11-18) (United States)
Running time
116 minutes[1]
CountryUnited States
Budget$22.5 million[2]
Box office$32.4 million[3]

Principal photography began on October 5, 2015, in Los Angeles. The film premiered at the 73rd Venice International Film Festival on September 2, 2016[4] and was released in North America on November 18, 2016, by Focus Features. It received largely positive reviews and grossed over $32 million worldwide.[3]

Nocturnal Animals was selected to compete for the Golden Lion at the 73rd Venice International Film Festival,[5] where it won the Grand Jury Prize.[6][7] It received numerous accolades, including Shannon earning a nomination for Best Supporting Actor at the 89th Academy Awards.[8] It also received nine BAFTA Award nominations and Golden Globe Award nominations for Best Director and Best Screenplay, plus a Best Supporting Actor win for Taylor-Johnson.[9]


The real world

Art gallery owner Susan Morrow receives the manuscript for a novel penned by her estranged ex-husband Edward Sheffield along with an invitation for dinner during Edward's upcoming visit to Los Angeles. Upset by her deteriorating marriage to unfaithful businessman Hutton Morrow, Susan becomes consumed by the novel, which is both dedicated to her and named Nocturnal Animals after Edward's nickname for her.

The novel

Tony Hastings is a family man who runs afoul of three local troublemakers – Ray Marcus, Lou, and Turk – during a road trip through West Texas. After being forced off the road, Tony is powerless to stop Ray and Turk from kidnapping his wife, Laura, and their daughter, India, and leaving him with Lou, who forces him to drive Ray's car to the end of a road where he is abandoned. Tony manages to evade Ray and Lou when they return looking for him and makes his way to a nearby farmhouse to call the police.

Detective Roberto "Bobby" Andes is assigned to the case and, with Tony, discovers the bodies of Laura and India near an abandoned shack, where they had been raped and murdered. Tony is wracked with guilt. He is contacted by Andes a year later and is asked to identify Lou, who is charged as an accomplice in the murders of Laura and India.

Turk has been fatally shot in a botched robbery, leaving Ray as the final culprit to be brought to justice. Andes arrests Ray, but is ultimately forced to release him as they only have circumstantial evidence of his involvement. On the verge of retirement and having been diagnosed with terminal lung cancer, Andes decides to take matters into his own hands and, with Tony's help, abducts Ray and Lou. Andes shoots Lou when he attempts to escape, but Ray escapes.

On his own, Tony tracks down Ray to the shack where Laura and India were killed. Ray admits to raping and murdering Tony's wife and daughter, calling him weak. Tony fatally shoots him, but is blinded when Ray hits him on the head with an iron bar. Tony stumbles outside, succumbing to a brain hemorrhage, and dies after falling on his gun, shooting himself in the abdomen in the process.

The real world (continued)

Shocked by the dark content and raw emotion of the novel, Susan reminisces about meeting Edward in college and their blossoming relationship, which Susan's domineering mother Anne Sutton objected to, claiming that Edward was not worthy of Susan's affections and that because of his romantic worldviews, he lacked the drive to actually achieve his goals; Susan ignored her mother's objections, ultimately marrying Edward.

After finding further evidence of Hutton's extramarital affair, Susan resumes reading the manuscript. Susan begins to recall her troubled marriage to Edward, which was strained by her frustration with his fledgling career and her dismissive attitude towards his literary aspirations, and culminated with Susan cheating on him with Hutton and ultimately divorcing Edward to marry him. Edward attempted to repair their relationship, but ultimately cut ties with Susan upon learning that she was pregnant with his child but secretly had an abortion to ensure an end to any attachment with him.

In the present day, Susan finishes reading the novel and arranges a meeting with Edward at a restaurant. Edward does not show up, and Susan waits alone as the restaurant empties.


The real world

The novel


On March 24, 2015, it was announced that Smoke House Pictures' partners George Clooney and Grant Heslov would produce a thriller, Nocturnal Animals, based on Austin Wright's 1993 novel Tony and Susan.[17] Tom Ford was set to direct the film, based on his own script.[17] Ford said that the storytelling concept of the novel appealed to him, explaining, "The film is very different than the book it's based on. However, the central themes are the same, meaning that when I read the book, what appealed to me as a writer and a filmmaker was the idea of this device of communicating to someone through a work of fiction. Through a written work of fiction. And thereby communicating something that they had not been able to really communicate clearly. I loved that concept."[18]

Jake Gyllenhaal was set to star in the dual lead roles, Amy Adams was in talks for the female lead role, and sources confirmed that Joaquin Phoenix and Aaron Taylor-Johnson might be cast in other roles.[10] Focus Features acquired the US distribution rights to the film on May 17, 2015, while Universal Pictures handles the international distribution.[19] Focus' deal was made with $20 million, making this the biggest deal of the 2015 Cannes Film Festival, and one of the biggest of the mid 2010s.[19] On August 6, 2015, Taylor-Johnson was confirmed to play a mysterious character who poses a threat to Gyllenhaal's character Tony's family, while Michael Shannon was also added to the cast, playing a detective investigating the violent incident.[12] On August 28, 2015, Armie Hammer also joined the cast of the film, to play Hutton Morrow, Adams' character's husband.[11] On September 9, 2015, Isla Fisher joined the film to play Laura Hastings, Tony's wife.[13] On September 18, 2015, Ellie Bamber was cast in the film to play Tony's daughter.[14] On September 30, 2015, Robert Aramayo was added to the cast.[16] On October 5, 2015, Karl Glusman signed on to star in the film.[15] On October 8, 2015, Peter Nyong'o was also cast in the film.[20]

Principal photography on the film began on October 5, 2015, in Los Angeles.[15][21] The final scene in the Japanese restaurant was filmed in the main building of the Yamashiro Historic District.[22][23] It wrapped on December 5, 2015.[24]


Nocturnal Animals had its world premiere at the Venice Film Festival on September 2, 2016.[25][26][4] The film also screened at the Toronto International Film Festival on September 9, 2016,[27] and at the BFI London Film Festival on October 14, 2016.[28]

The film was released in the United States on November 18, 2016.[29]


Box office

Nocturnal Animals grossed $10.7 million in the United States and Canada and $20.5 million in other countries for a worldwide total of $31.2 million.[3]

The film had its North American wide release on December 9, 2016, and was projected to open to $3–5 million. It ended up grossing $3.2 million, finishing 7th at the box office.[30]

Critical response

Nocturnal Animals received largely positive reviews, particularly for Adams, Gyllenhaal, Shannon, and Taylor-Johnson's performances, as well as Ford's screenplay and direction.[31] On Rotten Tomatoes, the film has an approval rating of 73% based on 269 reviews, with an average rating of 7/10. The website's critical consensus reads, "Well-acted and lovely to look at, Nocturnal Animals further underscores writer-director Tom Ford's distinctive visual and narrative skill."[32] On Metacritic, the film has a score of 67 out of 100, based on 45 critics, indicating "generally favorable reviews".[33]

Owen Gleiberman of Variety praised the film, stating "Tom Ford's first film since A Single Man is another winner", and complimenting the performances of Gyllenhaal, Adams, Shannon and Taylor-Johnson.[34]

Geoffrey Macnab of The Independent awarded the film five stars, praising the performances and the direction, and stating, "Nocturnal Animals is extraordinarily deft in the way it combines romanticism and bleakness. It's a film that easily could have slipped into extreme pretentiousness but it never puts a foot wrong."[35]

Victoria Coren Mitchell of The Guardian opposed the popular critical opinion, saying "Why all these raves and prizes for a piece of gynophobic death-porn?"[36]



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  2. Galloway, Stephen (September 7, 2016). "Tom Ford's Inner Life: A Director's Turmoil, Depression Battles and Staggering Talent". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved September 7, 2016.
  3. "Nocturnal Animals (2016)". The Numbers. Retrieved July 24, 2018.
  4. Alvarez, Joe; Orlova, Tamara A. (September 2, 2016). "Nocturnal Animals cast at the Venice Film Festival". Ikon London Magazine. Retrieved February 23, 2018.
  5. Tartaglione, Nancy (July 28, 2016). "Venice Film Festival: Lido To Launch Pics From Ford, Gibson, Malick & More As Awards Season Starts To Buzz – Full List". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved July 28, 2016.
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  12. Kroll, Justin (August 6, 2015). "Aaron Taylor-Johnson, Michael Shannon Join Jake Gyllenhaal's 'Nocturnal Animals' (EXCLUSIVE)". Variety. Retrieved August 16, 2015.
  13. Fleming, Mike Jr. (September 9, 2015). "Isla Fisher Joins Tom Ford's 'Nocturnal Animals'". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved September 22, 2015.
  14. Fleming, Mike Jr. (September 18, 2015). "Tom Ford Adds Ellie Bamber To 'Nocturnal Animals'". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved September 22, 2015.
  15. Lincoln, Ross A. (October 5, 2015). "Karl Glusman Joins 'Nocturnal Animals'". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved October 12, 2015.
  16. Lincoln, Ross A. (September 30, 2015). "Robert Aramayo Nabs Roles In 'Game Of Thrones' & 'Nocturnal Animals'". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved October 12, 2015.
  17. Kit, Borys (March 24, 2015). "Tom Ford Teams With George Clooney for Thriller 'Nocturnal Animals' (Exclusive)". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved March 30, 2015.
  18. Zacharias, Ramona (January 10, 2017). "Communicating through Fiction: Tom Ford on Nocturnal Animals". Creative Screenwriting. Retrieved January 11, 2017.
  19. Fleming, Mike Jr. (May 17, 2015). "Focus Features Wins Tom Ford's 'Nocturnal Animals' In Whopping $20 Million Cannes Worldwide Rights Deal". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved May 31, 2015.
  20. Lincoln, Ross A. (October 8, 2015). "Stan Lee & William Shatner To Unveil Collaboration At Comikaze 2015; 'Nocturnal Animals' Adds Peter Nyong'o". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved October 12, 2015.
  21. "On the Set for 10/9/15: Marc Webb & Chris Evans Start 'Gifted', Garry Marshall & Julia Roberts Wrap 'Mother's Day'". SSN Insider. October 9, 2015. Archived from the original on September 15, 2016. Retrieved October 11, 2015.
  22. "Yamashiro Hollywood". Sparkle Bungalow. November 30, 2016. Retrieved June 26, 2018.
  23. Tangcay, Jazz (January 7, 2017). "Through the Lens...Tom Ford on Nocturnal Animals". Awards Daily. Retrieved June 26, 2018.
  24. "On the Set 12/11/15: James Franco and Seth Rogen Start 'The Disaster Artist', Owen Wilson & Ed Helms Wrap 'Bastards'". SSN Insider. December 11, 2015. Archived from the original on December 13, 2015. Retrieved December 13, 2015.
  25. Wohlwender, Mark (September 2, 2016). "Venice film festival 2016: Tom Ford's Nocturnal Animals world premiere – in pictures". The Guardian. Retrieved September 4, 2016.
  26. "Nocturnal Animals". Venice Film Festival. Archived from the original on September 14, 2016. Retrieved September 4, 2016.
  27. "Nocturnal Animals". Toronto International Film Festival. Archived from the original on September 27, 2016. Retrieved September 4, 2016.
  28. "Nocturnal Animals". BFI London Film Festival. Retrieved September 4, 2016.
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  30. Brevet, Brad (December 11, 2016). "'Moana' Threepeats at #1, 'La La Land' Opens Big in Limited Release". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved June 26, 2018.
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  34. Gleiberman, Owen (September 2, 2016). "Film Review: 'Nocturnal Animals'". Variety. Retrieved November 22, 2016.
  35. Macnab, Geoffrey (September 2, 2016). "Nocturnal Animals Review: Tom Ford returns with a superb, painstakingly crafted movie sure to pick up awards". The Independent. Retrieved September 3, 2016.
  36. Mitchell, Victoria Coren (January 22, 2017). "I'm so glad to spoil this film for you". The Guardian. Retrieved March 31, 2018.
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