Niort

Niort (pronounced [njɔʁ]; Latin: Novioritum) is a commune in the Deux-Sèvres department in western France.

Niort

Coat of arms
Location of Niort
Niort
Niort
Coordinates: 46°19′33″N 0°27′38″W
CountryFrance
RegionNouvelle-Aquitaine
DepartmentDeux-Sèvres
ArrondissementNiort
Canton3 cantons
IntercommunalityNiort
Government
  Mayor (2014-2020) Jérôme Baloge
Area
1
68.20 km2 (26.33 sq mi)
Population
 (2016-01-01)[1]
61,044
  Density900/km2 (2,300/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
  Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
79191 /79000
Elevation2–77 m (6.6–252.6 ft)
(avg. 28 m or 92 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

The population of Niort is 61,044 (based on the 2016 census) and more than 137,000 people live in the urban area. Near Niort at Maisonnay there is one of the tallest radio masts in France (height: 330 metres).

Geography

The town is located on the Sèvre Niortaise river and is a centre of angelica cultivation in France.

Transport

Niort has a railway station on the TGV route between Paris and La Rochelle, Gare de Niort. Direct TGV to Paris Montparnasse station takes 2 hours and 15 minutes. Niort is a road and motorway junction, connected to Paris and Bordeaux by the A10 motorway, with Nantes by the A83, and with La Rochelle by the N11. It is the largest French city to offer free mass transit.[2]

Economy

Niort is the French capital of mutual insurance and bank companies, with the headquarters of MAAF, MAIF, MACIF, SMACL and regional branches of national mutual companies such as Groupama, Banque Populaire. Niort is a main financial centre of France (fourth ranked after Paris, Lyon and Lille). Chemistry and aeronautics are the main industries.

Niort is a major administrative and commercial centre.

Notable people

Niort is the birthplace of the following people:

Fictional works

Niort is featured or mentioned in the following fictional works:

Les Diaboliques, 1955 movie by Henri-Georges Clouzot

Sérotonine, 2019 novel by Michel Houellebecq

Sports

The football team is Chamois Niortais, which plays in the Ligue 2, the second-highest league in French football. Rugby team Stade Niortais celebrated its 100th anniversary in 2009. The Dragons baseball team plays in the Regional League.[3]

Education

Upper secondary schools:[4]

  • Lycée Jean Macé
  • Lycée général, technologique et professionnel Paul Guérin
  • Lycée de la Venise Verte
  • Lycée professionnel Gaston Barré
  • Lycée professionnel Thomas Jean Main
  • Lycée de l'horticulture et du paysage
  • Lycée Saint-André / Notre-Dame (private)

There is a post-secondary institution, Pôle universitaire de Niort.[5]

International relations

Twin towns — Sister cities

Niort is twinned with:

Climate

Climate data for Niort (1981–2010 averages)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 17.0
(62.6)
22.1
(71.8)
25.5
(77.9)
29.8
(85.6)
32.3
(90.1)
38.0
(100.4)
38.1
(100.6)
40.1
(104.2)
35.7
(96.3)
30.0
(86.0)
22.9
(73.2)
19.2
(66.6)
40.1
(104.2)
Average high °C (°F) 8.5
(47.3)
10.0
(50.0)
13.4
(56.1)
16.0
(60.8)
20.0
(68.0)
23.7
(74.7)
26.1
(79.0)
26.1
(79.0)
22.9
(73.2)
18.0
(64.4)
12.2
(54.0)
8.9
(48.0)
17.2
(63.0)
Average low °C (°F) 2.4
(36.3)
2.3
(36.1)
4.0
(39.2)
5.7
(42.3)
9.4
(48.9)
12.4
(54.3)
14.3
(57.7)
14.0
(57.2)
11.6
(52.9)
9.3
(48.7)
5.1
(41.2)
2.9
(37.2)
7.8
(46.0)
Record low °C (°F) −16.0
(3.2)
−13.3
(8.1)
−10.7
(12.7)
−4.8
(23.4)
−1.6
(29.1)
3.1
(37.6)
5.1
(41.2)
4.4
(39.9)
2.5
(36.5)
−3.3
(26.1)
−7.0
(19.4)
−10.5
(13.1)
−16.0
(3.2)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 84.4
(3.32)
66.1
(2.60)
63.8
(2.51)
71.3
(2.81)
69.9
(2.75)
59.2
(2.33)
55.5
(2.19)
50.3
(1.98)
60.5
(2.38)
96.8
(3.81)
93.2
(3.67)
96.2
(3.79)
867.2
(34.14)
Average precipitation days 12.3 9.9 10.4 10.6 11.2 8.0 7.4 6.5 7.7 11.5 11.9 12.3 119.6
Mean monthly sunshine hours 78.0 106.0 157.7 180.1 215.0 243.2 251.0 247.5 203.2 133.0 90.2 75.4 1,980.3
Source: Meteo France[6][7]

See also

References

  1. "Populations légales 2016". INSEE. Retrieved 25 April 2019.
  2. "Niort devient la plus grosse agglomération à proposer la gratuité des transports en commun". lemonde.fr. 1 September 2017.
  3. Bernard, Augustin. Wikipedia. Missing or empty |title= (help); Missing or empty |url= (help)
  4. "Enseignement secondaire". Municipality of Niort. Retrieved 30 September 2019.
  5. "Enseignement supérieur". Municipality of Niort. Retrieved 30 September 2019.
  6. "Données climatiques de la station de Niort" (in French). Meteo France. Retrieved 14 January 2016.
  7. "Climat Poitou-Charentes" (in French). Meteo France. Retrieved 14 January 2016.
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