Niobium nitride

Niobium nitride is a compound of niobium and nitrogen (nitride) with the chemical formula NbN. At low temperatures (about 16 K) NbN, niobium nitride becomes a superconductor, and is used in detectors for infrared light.[1][2][3]

Niobium nitride
IUPAC name
Niobium nitride
ECHA InfoCard 100.042.132
Molar mass 106.91 g/mol
Appearance gray solid
Density 8.470 g/cm3
Melting point 2,573 °C (4,663 °F; 2,846 K)
reacts to form ammonia
cubic, cF8
Fm3m, No. 225
Safety data sheet External MSDS
Flash point Non-flammable
Related compounds
Other cations
Vanadium nitride
Tantalum nitride
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
N verify (what is YN ?)
Infobox references



  1. Y. M. Shy, L. E. Toth and R. Somasundaram (1973). "Superconducting properties, electrical resistivities, and structure of NbN thin films". Journal of Applied Physics. 44 (12): 5539–5545. Bibcode:1973JAP....44.5539S. doi:10.1063/1.1662193.
  2. J. W. Kooi; J. J. A. Baselmans; M. Hajenius; J. R. Gao; T. M. Klapwijk; P. Dieleman; A. Baryshev; G. de Lange (2007). "IF impedance and mixer gain of NbN hot electron bolometers" (PDF). Journal of Applied Physics. 101 (4): 044511. Bibcode:2007JAP...101d4511K. doi:10.1063/1.2400086.
  3. S. P. Chockalingam; Madhavi Chand; John Jesudasan; Vikram Tripathi; Pratap Raychaudhuri (2009). "Superconducting properties and Hall effect in epitaxial NbN thin films". Physical Review B. 77 (21): 214503. arXiv:0804.2945. Bibcode:2008PhRvB..77u4503C. doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.77.214503.
  4. M Hajenius, J J A Baselmans, J R Gao, T M Klapwijk, P A J de Korte, B Voronov and G Gol'tsman (2004). "Low noise NbN superconducting hot electron bolometer mixers at 1.9 and 2.5 THz". Superconductor Science and Technology. 17 (5): S224–S228. Bibcode:2004SuScT..17S.224H. doi:10.1088/0953-2048/17/5/026.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  5. Yamamura, Tetsushi (August 2, 2015). "Panasonic moves closer to home energy self-sufficiency with fuel cells". Asahi Shimbun. Archived from the original on August 7, 2015. Retrieved 2015-08-02.

Further reading

Salts and covalent derivatives of the nitride ion
NH3 He(N2)11
Li3N Be3N2 BN β-C3N4
N2 NxOy NF3 Ne
Na3N Mg3N2 AlN Si3N4 PN
NCl3 Ar
K3N Ca3N2 ScN TiN VN CrN
MnxNy FexNy CoN Ni3N CuN Zn3N2 GaN Ge3N4 As Se NBr3 Kr
Rb3N Sr3N2 YN ZrN NbN β-Mo2N Tc Ru Rh PdN Ag3N CdN InN Sn Sb Te NI3 Xe
Cs3N Ba3N2   Hf3N4 TaN WN Re Os Ir Pt Au Hg3N2 TlN Pb BiN Po At Rn
Fr3N Ra3N   Rf Db Sg Bh Hs Mt Ds Rg Cn Nh Fl Mc Lv Ts Og
La CeN Pr Nd Pm Sm Eu GdN Tb Dy Ho Er Tm Yb Lu
Ac Th Pa UN Np Pu Am Cm Bk Cf Es Fm Md No Lr
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