Nikopol Ferroalloy Plant
|Joint stock company|
|Industry||Auxiliary steel industry|
|Chairman:Volodymyr S. Kutsin|
Vice Chairman of the Management Board for Economics and Finance : Andriy V. Metelchenko
Chief Engineer : Yevhen V. LapinVice
|Products||Manganese alloys (bulk)|
The plant is one of the largest global producers of manganese alloys, and is situated in the Dnepropetrovsk region of Ukraine, close to large manganese ore deposits. The two main products of the plant are Ferromanganese (FeMn) and Ferrosilicomanganese (FeSiMn)
Plant capacity is over 1 million metric tonnes of silicomanganese and 250,000 tonnes of high carbon ferromanganese, along with significant production capabilities in materials required for manganese production (fluxes). Additionally waste slag supplies the construction industry. The alloys are produced from manganese ore and coke in an electric arc furnace.
In 1958 the USSR council of ministers gave a decree for the construction of a manganese ferroalloy plant at Nikopol in Ukraine. Including the factory buildings a water supply and electricity supply had also to be built. By 1966 the factory was sufficiently complete for the first tapping of No.1 furnace.
By 1975 over 2 million tonnes of silico-manganese had been produced. In the troubled times of the 1990s brought about by the collapse of the Soviet Union and Ukrainian independence the factory had difficulty obtaining raw materials, and even the electricity to power the furnaces was in short supply. Nevertheless, by 2004 furnace No. 14 produced its first million tons of alloy.
Privatisation and de-privatisation
In 2003 as part of a governmental privatisation plan a 50% stake in the plant was sold to Interpipe Group for 80million dollars considered to be a fraction of its true worth. A further 26% was acquired by the Privat Group. The sale later became part of a political scandal in Ukraine relating to privatisations as well as court proceedings to undo the privatisation. The situation echos similar problems with the privatisation of other major Ukrainian industrial concerns, including Luhanskteplovoz and Kryvorizhstal; both being also sold for under market value, in privatisation sales that were later reversed. The company was also fought over by the two major stake holders Privat Group and Interpipe.
Investigations into abuse of authority by the state officials during the initial privatisation have taken place, and the sale was declared illegal in 2005 with attempts to block any further privatisation attempts made in 2006.
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- "Ukrainian parliament amended list of state assets not subject to privatization to include Nikopol ferro-alloy plant". www.nrcu.gov.ua. National Radio Company of Ukraine. 10 February 2006.