Nikolai Golushko

Nikolai Mikhailovich Golushko (Russian: Никола́й Миха́йлович Голу́шко; Ukrainian: Микола Михайлович Голушко; born 21 June 1937 in the village Andreyevka in Kokshetau region, Kazakh SSR) is a former minister and KGB officer.


He was born to a family of Grey Klin Ukrainians. In 1959 he graduated from the law faculty of Tomsk university. He worked in KGB from 1963 on (for many years as an officer in the Fifth department[1] that aimed at suppressing 'ideological diversions' and political dissent).

From 1987 to 1991 Golushko was the chairman of the KGB of the Ukrainian SSR.[2] He was a member of the CPSU from 1963 to 1991. Following August 1991 independence of Ukraine Golushko stayed on as chairman of the newly formed Security Service of Ukraine for four months before moving to Russia.[2]

From 1992 deputy and later the first deputy of the minister of security of the Russian Federation. From September to December 1993 Golushko served as the minister of security of the Russian Federation. From December 1993 to February 1994 he was the director of the Federal Service of Counter-intelligence of the Russian Federation. According to Yevgenia Albats, Golushko was forced to step down in 1994, after he had refused Yeltsin's request to bar State Duma from granting amnesty to the October 1993 rebels.[3]

Golushko's military rank is Colonel General.


  1. Yevgenia Albats KGB: State Within a State, 1995. p.350
  2. (in Ukrainian) Ukrainian intelligence services. Victory and defeat of the last century, Radio Svoboda (14 January 2018)
  3. the newly elected parliament had granted amnesty to the leaders of the October 1993 rebellion. - Albats, p. 357. (For the same reason, the prosecutor general Kazannik resigned in 1994.)


  • Голушко Н. М. В спецслужбах трех государств. М., 2009.
Government offices
Preceded by
Stepan Mukha
Director of the Committee for State Security
of the Ukrainian SSR

Succeeded by
Yevhen Marchuk
as Director of the Security Service of Ukraine
Preceded by
Viktor Barannikov
Minister/Director of the Federal Security Service
Succeeded by
Sergei Stepashin
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