Night Train to Munich
Night Train to Munich is a 1940 British thriller film directed by Carol Reed and starring Margaret Lockwood and Rex Harrison. Written by Sidney Gilliat and Frank Launder, based on the novel Report on a Fugitive by Gordon Wellesley, the film is about an inventor and his daughter who are kidnapped by the Gestapo after the Nazis march into Prague in the prelude to the Second World War. A British secret service agent follows them, disguised as a senior German army officer pretending to woo the daughter over to the Nazi cause.
|Night Train to Munich|
Theatrical release poster
|Directed by||Carol Reed|
|Produced by||Edward Black|
|Based on||Report on a Fugitive|
1939 short story
by Gordon Wellesley
|Music by||Louis Levy|
|Edited by||R.E. Dearing|
|Distributed by||Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer (UK)|
20th Century Fox (USA)
As German forces take over Czechoslovakia in March 1939, Axel Bomasch (James Harcourt), a Czechoslovak scientist working on a new type of armour-plating, is flown to Britain. Bomasch's daughter, Anna (Margaret Lockwood), is arrested before she can reach the airport and sent to a concentration camp, where she is interrogated by Nazis who are after her father. Anna refuses to cooperate. Soon she is befriended by a fellow prisoner named Karl Marsen (Paul Henreid), who says he is a teacher imprisoned for his political views. Together they are able to escape and make their way to London. Anna does not know that Marsen is in fact a Gestapo agent assigned to gain her trust and locate her father.
Following Marsen's suggestion, Anna places a cryptic newspaper advertisement to let her father know she is in the country. Soon after, she gets an anonymous phone call with instructions to go to the town of Brightbourne. There, Anna contacts Dickie Randall (Rex Harrison), a British intelligence officer working undercover as an entertainer named Gus Bennett. Randall takes Anna to her father, who is now working for the Royal Navy at the Dartford naval base. Anna argues with Randall over her attempt to post a letter to Marsen (with an informative postmark). It does not matter, as Dr. John Fredericks (Felix Aylmer), Marsen's undercover superior in London, had tailed her to Brightbourne.
Soon after, Marsen arranges the kidnapping of Anna and her father, and brings them back to Germany by U-boat. Their captors threaten to put her in a concentration camp if Bomasch refuses to work for the Nazis. Meanwhile, Randall's proposal to rescue the Bomasches is (unofficially) accepted. He travels to Berlin and infiltrates the building where the Bomasches are being held, posing as Major Ulrich Herzog of the Corps of Engineers. He dupes Captain Prada and Admiral Hassinger into believing he was Anna's lover years ago and can persuade her to get her father to co-operate. Randall spends the night with Anna in her hotel room to maintain the pretense. When the Bomasches are ordered sent to Munich, he plans to accompany them and arrange their escape. However, Marsen shows up just as they are about to leave the hotel; he has been assigned to escort them to Munich.
Randall's situation is further complicated at the railway station, where he is recognised by a former classmate named Caldicott (Naunton Wayne), who is leaving Germany with his friend Charters (Basil Radford). Randall denies knowing Caldicott, but Marsen's suspicions are aroused. When the train makes an unscheduled stop (brought to a halt by a railway station guard played by Irene Handl in an early uncredited bit part) to take on troops, as war has just been declared between Britain and Germany, Marsen takes the opportunity to telephone his headquarters to have Herzog investigated. When Marsen's superiors call back to confirm there is no Major Herzog, Charters, attempting to use another telephone, overhears that Randall will be arrested when they reach Munich.
The two Englishmen barely manage to reboard the train before it leaves. Caldicott slips a warning to Randall, who is thus prepared when Marsen pulls out a gun as they near Munich. Charters and Caldicott overpower first the two guards, then Marsen. After swapping uniforms with Marsen, Randall commandeers a car. They speed up a mountain road, with Marsen and his men in hot pursuit. They reach an aerial tramway; at the other end is neutral Switzerland. Randall manages to shoot all of their pursuers except Marsen, while Anna and the others escape on the tram. Randall then boards the other tram and exchanges shots with Marsen. Marsen reverses the direction of Randall's tram, but he manages to jump to the other tram as it passes. When he hits Marsen in the leg, the latter is either unable, or unwilling, to reach the controls and stop Randall from reaching safety. Randall and Anna embrace.
- Margaret Lockwood as Anna Bomasch
- Rex Harrison as Gus Bennett / "Dickie Randall"
- Paul Henreid as Capt. Karl Marsen (credited as Paul von Hernried)
- Basil Radford as Charters
- Naunton Wayne as Caldicott
- James Harcourt as Axel Bomasch
- Felix Aylmer as Dr. John Fredericks
- Wyndham Goldie as Charles Dryton
- Roland Culver as Roberts
- Eliot Makeham as Schwab
- Raymond Huntley as Kampenfeldt
- Austin Trevor as Capt. Prada
- Kenneth Kent as Controller
- C.V. France as Admiral Hassinger
- Frederick Valk as Gestapo Officer (credited as Fritz Valk)
- Morland Graham as Teleferic Attendant
- Hugh Griffith as Sailor (uncredited)
- Billy Russell as Adolf Hitler (uncredited)
The film has a rating of 88% "Fresh" on the review aggregation website Rotten Tomatoes, based on 16 critic reviews, with an average rating of 7.3/10. Prior to the film's initial release, a review by Variety noted that "[m]uch of the film’s merit obviously stems from the compact, propulsive screenplay ... and the razor-edge direction", adding that "[t]here are countless touches of atmosphere and comedy that add immeasurable flavor and zest to the picture".
Simon Abrams of Slant Magazine wrote of the film: "Come for Carol Reed's name, stay for Rex Harrison's performance and a few good cheap shots at the Nazis". Stephen Mayne of PopMatters wrote that the film is "more than just a rerun of The Lady Vanishes", stating that it "overcomes wobbly moments by being so persistently fun".
Comparison to The Lady Vanishes
The film has been compared to The Lady Vanishes, with the Princeton academic Michael Wood describing it as an "ironic remake"; the publicity at the time of release erroneously claimed it is a sequel. It has a similar situation in a war torn continental Europe, and both have scripts by Launder and Gilliat. The two slightly eccentric and cricket-mad English travellers, Charters and Caldicott, are carried over. The films are otherwise similar in setting, and both feature similar lead character types: the clever young woman in distress and eccentric upper-class Englishman, manifesting in the first film as Iris (played by Margaret Lockwood) and Gilbert, and in the second as Anna Bomasch (also played by Lockwood) and Dickie Randall.
- "Basil Radford & Naunton Wayne". Art & Hue.
- "Night Train to Munich (1940)". The New York Times. Retrieved 22 January 2013.
- "Night Train to Munich (Gestapo) (1940)". Rotten Tomatoes. Fandango Media. Retrieved 20 May 2019.
- "Review: 'Night Train to Munich'". Variety. 31 December 1939. Retrieved 10 February 2017.
- Simon Abrams (21 June 2010). "Night Train to Munich - DVD Review". Slant Magazine. Retrieved 10 February 2017.
- Stephen Mayne (19 October 2016). "'Night Train to Munich' Is a Journey Worth Taking". PopMatters. Retrieved 10 February 2017.
- "Night Train to Munich [VHS]". Amazon.com. Retrieved 10 February 2017.
- "Night Train to Munich (1940)". The Criterion Collection. Retrieved 10 February 2017.
- Michael Wood "At the Movies: Odd Man Out", London Review of Books, 28:20, 19 October 2006, p.16
- Trevor Hogg "A Great Reed: A Carol Reed Profile (Part 1)", Flickering Myth, 21 October 2009
- Night Train to Munich on IMDb
- Night Train to Munich at AllMovie
- Night Train to Munich at the TCM Movie Database
- Night Train to Munich at the American Film Institute Catalog
- Night Train to Munich at Britmovie
- Night Train to Munich: A Last Laugh an essay by Philip Kemp at the Criterion Collection
- Night Train to Munich on Academy Award Theater