Nieuwpoort, Belgium

Nieuwpoort (/ˈnjpɔːrt/ NEW-port,[2] Dutch: [ˈniupoːrt] (listen); West Flemish: Nieuwpôort; French: Nieuport) is a municipality located in Flanders, one of the three regions of Belgium, and in the Flemish province of West Flanders. The municipality comprises the city of Nieuwpoort proper and the towns of Ramskapelle and Sint-Joris. On January 1, 2008, Nieuwpoort had a total population of 11,062. The total area is 31.00 km² which gives a population density of 350 inhabitants per km². The current mayor of Nieuwpoort is Geert Vanden Broucke (CD&V)

Nieuwpoort

Nieuwpôort  (West Flemish)

Nieuport  (French)
Belfry and city hall

Flag

Coat of arms
Nieuwpoort
Location in Belgium
Location of Nieuwpoort in West Flanders
Coordinates: 51°07′N 02°45′E
CountryBelgium
CommunityFlemish Community
RegionFlemish Region
ProvinceWest Flanders
ArrondissementVeurne
Government
  MayorGeert Vanden Broucke (CD&V)
  Governing party/iesCD&V
Area
  Total31.00 km2 (11.97 sq mi)
Population
 (2018-01-01)[1]
  Total11,565
  Density370/km2 (970/sq mi)
Postal codes
8620
Area codes058
Websitewww.nieuwpoort.be

In Nieuwpoort, the Yser flows into the North Sea. It is also the home of a statue created by Jan Fabre called Searching for Utopia.

History

It obtained city rights in 1163 from Count Philip of Flanders.

The Battle of Nieuwpoort, between the Dutch and the Spanish, happened here in 1600. The city was a Dunkirker base.

Painter Victor Boucquet made two of the altar-pieces for the great church in the 17th century.

The city was occupied by French forces for six years between 1757 and 1763, as part of the conditions of the Second Treaty of Versailles between France and Austria.

A large waterworks infrastructure project called the Ganzepoot (goose foot, in Dutch) was constructed in Nieuwpoort in the 19th century to drain the polders and channel water in and around the town and to the North Sea.

During the Battle of the Yser, part of the First Battle of Ypres in World War I, Hendrik Geeraert opened the sluice gates on the mouth of the river Yser twice to flood the lower lying land, thus halting the German advance.

Towns

The old city centre of Nieuwpoort is located about three kilometers from the coast. Close to the sea, a new tourist centre has developed. Both parts form one contiguous built up area, connected by buildings along the Albert I Laan street and the fishing port. Besides Nieuwpoort proper, two small villages in the Flemish polders are part of the municipality, Sint-Joris and Ramskapelle.

#NameAreaPopulation
1999
INieuwpoort10,189.437
IISint-Joris5,54259
IIIRamskapelle15,28555

Nieuwpoort is located by the sea. At the coastal line, it borders the municipalities Koksijde at its town Oostduinkerke and Middelkerke at its town Lombardsijde. Because the territory of the town of Ramskapelle expands far inland, Nieuwpoort has a large number of neighbouring towns, most of which are part of 2 large municipalities:

In literature

Part of the plot in Cecelia Holland's historical novel The Sea Beggars is laid in Nieuwpoort, in the preliminary states of the Eighty Years' War - with the sailor protagonists feeling oppressed under the harsh Spanish rule and eventually joining the rebellious Watergeuzen.

See also

References

  1. "Wettelijke Bevolking per gemeente op 1 januari 2018". Statbel. Retrieved 9 March 2019.
  2. "Nieuwpoort". Merriam-Webster Dictionary. Retrieved 22 August 2019.
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